Area of residence: On reserve of person

Status: This standard was replaced by the 'Residence on or off reserve of person' as of June 15, 2015.


Area of residence: On reserve refers to the following geographic areas: Indian reserves and settlements (referred to as 'On reserve'), and all other areas (referred to as 'Off reserve'). These geographic areas can be used to show where people, primarily Registered Indians and First Nations people, reside.

'Area of residence: On reserve' includes six census subdivision (CSD) types legally affiliated with First Nations or Indian bands ( i.e., Indian reserve (IRI), Indian settlement (S-É) (except for the five Yukon settlements of Champagne Landing 10, Klukshu, Two and One-Half Mile Village, Two Mile Village and Kloo Lake), Indian government district (IGD), terres réservées aux Cris (TC), terres réservées aux Naskapis (TK) and Nisga'a land (NL)) as well as the northern village of Sandy Bay in Saskatchewan.

Person refers to an individual and is the unit of analysis for most social statistics programs.


Additional information


Relation to previous version

  • Area of residence: On reserve of person May 08, 2013 to June 14, 2015

    'Residence on or off reserve of person' replaces the recommended standard 'Area of residence: On reserve of person'. The concept has been renamed 'Residence on or off reserve'.

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