Shelter-cost-to-income ratio of private household

Status: This standard was approved as a departmental standard on March 24, 2016.


Shelter-cost-to-income ratio refers to the proportion of average total income of household which is spent on shelter costs.

Private household refers to a person or group of persons who occupy the same dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada or abroad. The household universe is divided into two sub-universes on the basis of whether the household is occupying a collective dwelling or a private dwelling. The latter is a private household.


The population of study for shelter-cost-to-income ratio typically excludes private households living in band housing, located on an agricultural operation that is operated by a member of the household, and households who reported a zero or negative total household income. The population of study should be specified.

Conformity to relevant internationally recognized standards

The United Nations' "Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses, Revision 2", 2008 do not have any recommendations on measuring shelter cost relative to income.


  • 'Shelter-cost-to-income ratio' is calculated by dividing the average monthly shelter costs by the average monthly total household income and multiplying the result by 100. March 24, 2016 to current


Additional information


Relation to previous version

  • Shelter-cost-to-income ratio of private household March 24, 2016 to current

    This standard replaces the recommended standard 'Shelter cost to income ratio of private household'. The definition of shelter-cost-to-income ratio and the main classification have been modified, while the classification variant has been deleted.

  • Shelter cost to income ratio of private household September 11, 2013 to March 23, 2016

    This was the recommended standard from September 11, 2013 to March 23, 2016.

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