Residence on or off reserve of person
Status: This was the departmental standard from June 15, 2015 to May 10, 2021.
Residence on or off reserve refers to whether the person's usual place of residence is in a census subdivision (CSD) that is defined as 'on reserve' or 'off reserve'.
On reserve includes six census subdivision (CSD) types legally affiliated with First Nations or Indian bands, i.e., Indian reserve (IRI), Indian settlement (S-É) (except for the four Indian settlements of Champagne Landing 10, Klukshu, Two Mile and Two and One-Half Mile Village, and Kloo Lake located in Yukon), Indian government district (IGD), terres réservées aux Cris (TC), terres réservées aux Naskapis (TK) and Nisga'a land (NL).
Off reserve includes all CSDs in Canada not defined as on reserve.
Person refers to an individual and is the unit of analysis for most social statistics programs.
Conformity to relevant internationally recognized standards
There are no relevant internationally recognized standards as this variable relates to a law that is specific to Canada, the Indian Act of Canada.
- Classification of residence on or off reserve June 15, 2015 to September 13, 2022
Relation to previous version
- Residence on or off reserve of person May 11, 2021 to current
The definition has been updated to modify the list of census subdivision types defined as 'on reserve'.
- Residence on or off reserve of person June 15, 2015 to May 10, 2021
This departmental standard replaces the recommended standard 'Area of residence: On reserve of person'. The concept has been renamed 'Residence on or off reserve'.
- Area of residence: On reserve of person May 08, 2013 to June 14, 2015
This standard was replaced by the 'Residence on or off reserve of person' as of June 15, 2015.