Generation status of person

Status: This was the departmental standard from April 18, 2011 to January 10, 2016.


Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada.

Person refers to an individual and is the unit of analysis for most social statistics programs.


'Generation status of person' is derived. It is derived from responses to questions concerning the person's place of birth and the place of birth of his or her parents.

Conformity to relevant internationally recognized standards

The Conference of European Statisticians Recommendations for the 2010 Censuses of Population and Housing uses the expression "descendants of foreign-born". It notes that several generations of descendants can be distinguished but that population censuses generally focus only on persons whose parents were born abroad, often referred to as the "second generation". The definitions and much of the terminology presented here are compatible with those used in this standard.


Relation to previous version

  • Generation status of person January 11, 2016 to current

    June 22, 2021 - The Classification of generation status has been modified to add more detail on second generation.

    January 10, 2016 - This standard has been updated by correcting the definition of generation status in French.

  • Generation status of person April 18, 2011 to January 10, 2016

    This was the departmental standard from April 18, 2011 to January 10, 2016.

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