Residence on or off reserve of person

Status: This standard was approved as a departmental standard on May 11, 2021.


Residence on or off reserve refers to whether the person's usual place of residence is in a census subdivision (CSD) that is defined as 'on reserve' or 'off reserve'.

'On reserve' includes eight CSD types legally affiliated with First Nations or Indian bands, i.e., Indian reserve (IRI), Indian settlement (S-É) (except for the two Indian settlements of Champagne Landing 10 and Kloo Lake, located in Yukon), Indian government district (IGD), Terres réservées aux Cris (TC), Terres réservées aux Naskapis (TK), Nisga'a land (NL), Tsawwassen Lands (TWL) and Tla'amin Lands (TAL).

'Off reserve' includes all CSDs in Canada not defined as 'on reserve'.

Person refers to an individual and is the unit of analysis for most social statistics programs.

Conformity to relevant internationally recognized standards

There are no relevant internationally recognized standards as this variable relates to a law that is specific to Canada, the Indian Act of Canada.


Relation to previous version

  • Residence on or off reserve of person May 11, 2021 to current

    The definition has been updated to modify the list of census subdivision types defined as 'on reserve'.

  • Residence on or off reserve of person June 15, 2015 to May 10, 2021

    This departmental standard replaces the recommended standard 'Area of residence: On reserve of person'. The concept has been renamed 'Residence on or off reserve'.

  • Area of residence: On reserve of person May 08, 2013 to June 14, 2015

    This standard was replaced by the 'Residence on or off reserve of person' as of June 15, 2015.

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