Variant of NAICS 2002 - Durable and Non-Durable Goods Manufacturing Industries

5.2 - Industries not included in the Manufacturing sector

This special aggregation comprises all establishments except the ones coded to 'Manufacturing' sector (NAICS 31-33)

51 - Information and Cultural Industries

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing and distributing (except by wholesale and retail methods) information and cultural products. Establishments providing the means to transmit or distribute these products or providing access to equipment and expertise for processing data are also included.

The unique characteristics of information and cultural products, and of the processes involved in their production and distribution, distinguish this sector from the goods-producing and services-producing sectors. In particular,

* the value of these products lies in their information, educational, cultural or entertainment content, not in the format in which they are distributed. Most of these products are protected from unlawful reproduction by copyright laws. Only those possessing the rights to these works are authorized to reproduce, alter, improve and distribute them. Acquiring and using these rights often involves significant costs.

* the intangible nature of the content of information and cultural products allows for their distribution in various forms. For example, a movie can be shown at a movie theatre, on a television broadcast, through video on demand, or rented at a local video store; a sound recording can be aired on radio, embedded in multi-media products or sold at a record store; software can be bought at retail outlets or downloaded from an electronic bulletin board; a newspaper can be purchased at a newsstand or received on-line. In addition, improvements in information technology are revolutionizing the distribution of these products. The inclusion in this sector of telecommunications carriers and Internet access providers reflects the increasingly important role these establishments play in making these products accessible to the public.

The main components of this sector are the publishing industries (except exclusively on Internet), including software publishing, the motion picture and sound recording industries, the broadcasting industries (except exclusively on Internet), the internet publishing and broadcasting industries, the telecommunications industries, the internet service providers, web search portals, data processing industries, and the other information services industries. There are establishments engaged in culture-related activities that are classified in other sectors of NAICS. The most important are listed below.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • duplicating information or cultural products in print form, or in the form of optical or magnetic media(31-33)
    • wholesaling information and cultural products such as newspapers, books, software, videocassettes, DVDs and sound recordings (See 41 Wholesale Trade)
    • retailing information and cultural products such as newspapers, books, software and sound recordings(44-45)
    • design activities (See 54 Professional, Scientific and Technical Services)
    • producing live presentations that involve the performances of actors and actresses, singers, dancers, musical groups and artists, and other performing artists (See 71 Arts, Entertainment and Recreation)
    • performing in artistic productions, and in creating artistic and cultural works or productions as independent individuals (See 71 Arts, Entertainment and Recreation)
    • preserving and exhibiting objects, sites, and natural wonders of historical, cultural and/or educational value (See 71 Arts, Entertainment and Recreation)

512 - Motion Picture and Sound Recording Industries

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing and distributing video and audio recordings or providing related services, such as post-production services, exhibition services, and motion picture processing and developing services. Sound recording studios are also included.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • mass duplication of pre-recorded audio and video tapes, cassettes, diskettes, DVDs and CD-ROMs (See 33461 Manufacturing and Reproducing Magnetic and Optical Media)
    • wholesaling sound recordings (See 41444 Sound Recording Wholesalers)
    • wholesaling pre-recorded video cassettes and DVDs (See 41445 Video Cassette Wholesalers)
5122 - Sound Recording Industries

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing and distributing music recordings, publishing music, or providing sound recording and related services.

  • Exclusion(s):

    • musical groups and artists (See 71113 Musical Groups and Artists)
    • songwriters (See 71151 Independent Artists, Writers and Performers)
  • and

    establishments primarily engaged in:

    • mass duplication of sound recordings (See 33461 Manufacturing and Reproducing Magnetic and Optical Media)
    • wholesaling sound recordings (See 41444 Sound Recording Wholesalers)
51221 - Record Production

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in record production. These establishments contract with musical artists, and arrange and finance the production of original master recordings. Establishments in this industry hold the copyright to the master recording and derive most of their revenues from selling, leasing, and licensing master recordings. Establishments in this industry do not have their own duplication or distribution capabilities.

  • Exclusion(s):

    • independent record producers hired on contract (See 71151 Independent Artists, Writers and Performers)
  • and

    establishments primarily engaged in:

    • mass duplication of sound recordings (See 33461 Manufacturing and Reproducing Magnetic and Optical Media)
    • wholesaling (distribution of finished products, bought for resale, including imports) sound recordings (See 41444 Sound Recording Wholesalers)
    • releasing, promoting and distributing sound recordings (See 51222 Integrated Record Production/Distribution)
    • promoting and authorizing the use of musical works in various media (See 51223 Music Publishers)
    • providing facilities and technical expertise for recording musical performances (See 51224 Sound Recording Studios)
    • managing artist careers (See 71141 Agents and Managers for Artists, Athletes, Entertainers and Other Public Figures)
512210 - Record Production

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in record production. These establishments contract with musical artists, and arrange and finance the production of original master recordings. Establishments in this industry hold the copyright to the master recording and derive most of their revenues from selling, leasing, and licensing master recordings. Establishments in this industry do not have their own duplication or distribution capabilities.

  • Example Activities:

    • Production of master recordings, exclusive of distribution
    • Publishing and reproducing audio materials in integrated facilities
    • Record production (except independent record producers), without duplication or distribution
    • Record production companies (producing only)
Date modified: