Variant of NAICS 2002 - Durable and Non-Durable Goods Manufacturing Industries

5.2 - Industries not included in the Manufacturing sector

This special aggregation comprises all establishments except the ones coded to 'Manufacturing' sector (NAICS 31-33)

51 - Information and Cultural Industries

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing and distributing (except by wholesale and retail methods) information and cultural products. Establishments providing the means to transmit or distribute these products or providing access to equipment and expertise for processing data are also included.

The unique characteristics of information and cultural products, and of the processes involved in their production and distribution, distinguish this sector from the goods-producing and services-producing sectors. In particular,

* the value of these products lies in their information, educational, cultural or entertainment content, not in the format in which they are distributed. Most of these products are protected from unlawful reproduction by copyright laws. Only those possessing the rights to these works are authorized to reproduce, alter, improve and distribute them. Acquiring and using these rights often involves significant costs.

* the intangible nature of the content of information and cultural products allows for their distribution in various forms. For example, a movie can be shown at a movie theatre, on a television broadcast, through video on demand, or rented at a local video store; a sound recording can be aired on radio, embedded in multi-media products or sold at a record store; software can be bought at retail outlets or downloaded from an electronic bulletin board; a newspaper can be purchased at a newsstand or received on-line. In addition, improvements in information technology are revolutionizing the distribution of these products. The inclusion in this sector of telecommunications carriers and Internet access providers reflects the increasingly important role these establishments play in making these products accessible to the public.

The main components of this sector are the publishing industries (except exclusively on Internet), including software publishing, the motion picture and sound recording industries, the broadcasting industries (except exclusively on Internet), the internet publishing and broadcasting industries, the telecommunications industries, the internet service providers, web search portals, data processing industries, and the other information services industries. There are establishments engaged in culture-related activities that are classified in other sectors of NAICS. The most important are listed below.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • duplicating information or cultural products in print form, or in the form of optical or magnetic media(31-33)
    • wholesaling information and cultural products such as newspapers, books, software, videocassettes, DVDs and sound recordings (See 41 Wholesale Trade)
    • retailing information and cultural products such as newspapers, books, software and sound recordings(44-45)
    • design activities (See 54 Professional, Scientific and Technical Services)
    • producing live presentations that involve the performances of actors and actresses, singers, dancers, musical groups and artists, and other performing artists (See 71 Arts, Entertainment and Recreation)
    • performing in artistic productions, and in creating artistic and cultural works or productions as independent individuals (See 71 Arts, Entertainment and Recreation)
    • preserving and exhibiting objects, sites, and natural wonders of historical, cultural and/or educational value (See 71 Arts, Entertainment and Recreation)

511 - Publishing Industries (except Internet)

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in publishing newspapers, periodicals, books, databases, software and other works. These works are characterized by the intellectual creativity required in their development and are usually protected by copyright. Publishers distribute, or arrange for the distribution of copies of these works.

Publishing establishments may create the works in-house, or contract for, purchase, or compile works that were originally created by others. These works may be published in one or more formats including traditional print form, electronic and on-line. Publishers of "multimedia" products, such as interactive children's books, multimedia CD-ROM and digital video disk (DVD) reference books, and musical greeting cards are also included. Establishments in this subsector may print, reproduce or offer direct on-line access to the works themselves or they may arrange with others to carry out such functions.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • publishing exclusively on the Internet (See 516 Internet Publishing and Broadcasting)

512 - Motion Picture and Sound Recording Industries

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing and distributing video and audio recordings or providing related services, such as post-production services, exhibition services, and motion picture processing and developing services. Sound recording studios are also included.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • mass duplication of pre-recorded audio and video tapes, cassettes, diskettes, DVDs and CD-ROMs (See 33461 Manufacturing and Reproducing Magnetic and Optical Media)
    • wholesaling sound recordings (See 41444 Sound Recording Wholesalers)
    • wholesaling pre-recorded video cassettes and DVDs (See 41445 Video Cassette Wholesalers)

515 - Broadcasting (except Internet)

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating radio and television broadcasting studios and facilities.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • broadcasting exclusively on the Internet (See 516 Internet Publishing and Broadcasting)
    • operating telecommunications networks (See 517 Telecommunications)

516 - Internet Publishing and Broadcasting

This subsector comprises establishments exclusively engaged in publishing and/or broadcasting on the Internet. The unique combination of text, audio, video, and interactive features present in informational or cultural products on the Internet distinguishes the it from more traditional publishers and broadcasters.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • traditional or combined publishing (See 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet))
    • traditional or combined broadcasting (See 515 Broadcasting (except Internet))

517 - Telecommunications

This subsector comprises establishments engaged in operating, maintaining, and/or providing access to facilities for the transmission of voice, data, text, sound, cable programming, and full motion picture video. Telecommunications resellers are also included. A transmission facility may be based on a single technology or a combination of technologies.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • the installation and maintenance of broadcasting and telecommunications systems by independent contractors (See 23 Construction)
    • providing Internet access (See 5181 Internet Service Providers, Web Search Portals)

518 - Internet Service Providers, Web Search Portals, and Data Processing Services

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing access to the Internet, search facilities for the Internet, and data processing, hosting, and related services. The Internet Service Providers and Web Search Portals industry group includes establishments that provide access to the Internet or aid in navigation on the Internet. The Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services industry group includes establishments that process data. These establishments can transform data, prepare data for dissemination, or place data or content on the Internet for others. The shared use of computer resources is included in the Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services industry group.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • retailing goods using the Internet(44-45)
    • publishing exclusively on the Internet (See 516 Internet Publishing and Broadcasting)

519 - Other Information Services

This subsector comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing other information services. The main components are news syndicates, libraries and archives, and other information search services on a contract basis.

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