Variant of NAICS 2002 - Durable and Non-Durable Goods Manufacturing Industries

31-33 - Manufacturing

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in the physical or chemical transformation of materials or substances into new products. These products may be finished, in the sense that they are ready to be used or consumed, or semi-finished, in the sense of becoming a raw material for an establishment to use in further manufacturing. Related activities, such as the assembly of the component parts of manufactured goods; the blending of materials; and the finishing of manufactured products by dyeing, heat-treating, plating and similar operations are also treated as manufacturing activities. Manufacturing establishments are known by a variety of trade designations, such as plants, factories or mills.

Manufacturing establishments may own the materials which they transform or they may transform materials owned by other establishments. Manufacturing may take place in factories or in workers' homes, using either machinery or hand tools.

Certain activities involving the transformation of goods are classified in other sectors. Some examples are post-harvest activities of agricultural establishments, such as crop drying; logging; the beneficiating of mineral ores; the production of structures by construction establishments; and various activities conducted by retailers, such as meat cutting and the assembly of products such as bicycles and computers.

5.1.2 - Non-durable Goods Manufacturing Industries

This special aggregation comprises establishments coded to 'Food Manufacturing' (NAICS 311), 'Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing' (NAICS 312), 'Textile Mills' (NAICS 313), 'Textile Product Mills' (NAICS 314), 'Clothing Manufacturing' (NAICS 315), 'Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing' (NAICS 316), 'Paper Manufacturing' (NAICS 322) and to 'Printing and Related Support Activities' (NAICS 323), 'Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing' (NAICS 324), 'Chemical Manufacturing' (NAICS 325) and to 'Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing' (NAICS 326)

311 - Food Manufacturing

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing food for human or animal consumption.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • manufacturing beverages or tobacco (See 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing)

312 - Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing beverages and tobacco products.

313 - Textile Mills

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing yarn or textile fabrics, or finishing yarn, textile fabrics or clothing. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing both fabrics and textile products, except knitted clothing, are included.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • manufacturing textile products, except clothing, from purchased fabric (See 314 Textile Product Mills)
    • manufacturing clothing (See 315 Clothing Manufacturing)

314 - Textile Product Mills

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing textile products, except clothing.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • manufacturing yarn or textile fabrics, or finishing yarn or fabrics, or manufacturing both fabrics and textile products (See 313 Textile Mills)
    • manufacturing clothing (See 315 Clothing Manufacturing)

315 - Clothing Manufacturing

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing clothing.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • finishing clothing not made in the same establishment (See 313 Textile Mills)
    • embroidering clothing not made in the same establishment (See 314 Textile Product Mills)
    • printing on articles of clothing not made in the same establishment (See 323 Printing and Related Support Activities)
    • manufacturing safety clothing (See 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing)

316 - Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing leather and allied products.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • manufacturing leather clothing (See 315 Clothing Manufacturing)

322 - Paper Manufacturing

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing pulp, paper and paper products. The manufacture of pulp involves separating the cellulose fibres from other impurities in wood, used paper or other fibre sources. The manufacture of paper involves matting these fibres into a sheet. Converted paper products are produced from paper and other materials by various cutting and shaping techniques.

323 - Printing and Related Support Activities

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in printing and providing related support activities.

324 - Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in transforming crude petroleum and coal into intermediate and end products. The dominant process is petroleum refining, which separates crude petroleum into components or fractions through such techniques as cracking and distillation.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • manufacturing chemicals and chemical preparations from refined petroleum and coal products (See 325 Chemical Manufacturing)

325 - Chemical Manufacturing

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing chemicals and chemical preparations, from organic and inorganic raw materials.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • field processing of crude petroleum and natural gas (See 211 Oil and Gas Extraction)
    • beneficiating mineral ores (See 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas))
    • processing crude petroleum and coal (See 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing)
    • smelting and refining ores and concentrates (See 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing)

326 - Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in making goods by processing raw rubber and plastics materials. Rubber- and plastics-based activities are combined in the same subsector because the technical properties of these polymers are related.

Generally, establishments classified in this subsector manufacture products made of just one material, rubber or plastics, with the major exception of tire manufacturing.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • manufacturing synthetic resins from basic organic chemicals (See 325210 Resin and Synthetic Rubber Manufacturing)
    • compounding plastics resins from recycled materials (See 32599 All Other Chemical Product Manufacturing)
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