National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 Version 1.1

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4 - Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services

Occupations in this category are concerned with law, teaching, counselling, conducting social science research, developing government policy, and administering government and other programs. Occupations providing religious services and leadership are included in this category. These occupations usually require completion of a related post-secondary program. Individuals who work as paralegals, social service workers or educators and instructors who are not part of the elementary, secondary or post-secondary school system are usually required to complete additional formal education to progress to professional occupations.

43 - Occupations in front-line public protection services

This major group comprises occupations in government services that require some combination of secondary or post-secondary education and occupation-specific training and that have significant health and safety responsibilities. It includes police officers (except commissioned), firefighters and non-commissioned members of the Canadian Armed Forces.

431 - Occupations in front-line public protection services

This minor group includes police officers (except commissioned), firefighters, and non-commissioned officers and members of the Canadian Armed Forces. They are employed by municipal, regional, provincial, and federal governments; and large industrial establishments that have internal firefighting services.

4311 - Police officers (except commissioned)

Police officers protect the public, detect and prevent crime and perform other activities directed at maintaining law and order. They are employed by municipal and federal governments and some provincial and regional governments.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • community relations officer - police
    • constable
    • crime prevention constable
    • detective - police
    • harbour police officer
    • highway patrol officer
    • police cadet
    • police officer
    • police sergeant
    • railway police officer
    • RCMP officer

    All examples

  • Inclusion(s)

    • crime scene technician - police
    • police diver
  • Exclusion(s)

    • By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers, n.e.c. (See 4423 By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers, n.e.c.)
    • Commissioned police officers (See 0431 Commissioned police officers)
    • Private detectives (See 6541 Security guards and related security service occupations)
    • Sheriffs and bailiffs (See 4421 Sheriffs and bailiffs)
  • Main duties

    Police officers perform some or all of the following duties:

    • Patrol assigned areas to maintain public safety and order and to enforce laws and regulations
    • Investigate crimes and accidents, execute search warrants, secure evidence, interview witnesses, compile notes and reports and provide testimony in courts of law
    • Apprehend and arrest criminal suspects
    • Provide emergency assistance to victims of accidents, crimes and natural disasters
    • Participate in crime prevention, public information and safety programs
    • May supervise and co-ordinate the work of other police officers.
  • Employment requirements

    • Completion of secondary school is required.
    • Completion of a college program or university degree in law and security or in the social sciences is usually required.
    • A three- to six-month police training program is required.
    • Physical agility, strength, fitness and vision requirements must be met, and psychological or other tests are also required.
    • Experience as a constable and the completion of specialized courses are required for detectives and sergeants.
    • Specialized training or certification is required for certain areas of policing.
  • Additional information

    • Progression to commissioned police officer positions is possible with additional training and experience.
4312 - Firefighters

Firefighters carry out firefighting and fire prevention activities, and assist in other emergencies. They are employed by municipal, provincial and federal governments and by large industrial establishments that have internal firefighting services.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • airport firefighter
    • fire captain
    • firefighter
    • firefighter lieutenant
    • industrial firefighter
    • shipboard firefighter

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • Fire chiefs and senior firefighting officers (See 0432 Fire chiefs and senior firefighting officers)
    • Forest firefighters (See 8422 Silviculture and forestry workers)
    • Paramedics (See 3234 Paramedical occupations)
  • Main duties

    Firefighters perform some or all of the following duties:

    • Respond to fire alarms and other calls for assistance, such as automobile and industrial accidents, bomb threats and other emergencies
    • Rescue victims from burning buildings and accident sites
    • Control and extinguish fires using manual and power equipment, such as axes, water hoses, aerial ladders and hydraulic equipment and various firefighting chemicals
    • Administer first aid and other assistance
    • Ensure proper operation and maintenance of firefighting equipment
    • Prepare written reports on fire incidents
    • Inform and educate the public on fire prevention
    • Train to maintain high level of physical fitness
    • Assist the public, the police and emergency organizations during times of major disasters
    • May participate as members of a trauma or emergency response team and provide paramedical aid to accident victims or ill persons
    • May supervise and co-ordinate the work of other firefighters
    • May conduct building inspections to ensure compliance with fire code.
  • Employment requirements

    • Completion of secondary school is usually required.
    • Completion of a college program in fire protection technology, fire science or a related field
      and
      a period of supervised practical training is usually required.
    • Firefighting and emergency medical care training courses are provided and vary in length depending on the requirements of different fire departments or services.
    • Certification for firefighters is compulsory in Nova Scotia, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba and Alberta, but voluntary, in Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Saskatchewan, British Columbia, the Yukon, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut.
    • Experience as a volunteer firefighter may be an advantage.
    • Physical agility, strength, fitness and vision requirements must be met.
    • Several years of experience are required for senior firefighters, such as lieutenants and captains.
  • Additional information

    • Progression to senior positions such as fire chief is possible with additional training and several years of experience.
4313 - Non-commissioned ranks of the Canadian Armed Forces

This unit group consists of Canadian Armed Forces personnel who are non-commissioned officers (NCOs) or members of other non-commissioned ranks. They provide collective defence measures to protect Canadian waters, land, airspace and other interests. All ranks of non-commissioned officers and members in the air force, army, and navy are included in this unit group.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • able seaman - armed forces
    • chief warrant officer
    • master corporal
    • master seaman
    • ordinary seaman - armed forces
    • petty officer first class
    • private
    • sergeant

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • Commissioned officers of the Canadian Armed Forces (See 0433 Commissioned officers of the Canadian Armed Forces)
  • Main duties

    Personnel in non-commissioned ranks of the Canadian Armed Forces perform some or all of the following duties:

    • Operate armoured vehicles, artillery, hand-held weapons and other military combat equipment and defence systems
    • Conduct peacekeeping operations and enforce cease-fire agreements
    • Engage in non-combat operations for humanitarian efforts
    • Provide assistance in emergency situations, such as civil disorder, natural disasters and major accidents
    • Participate in drills and other training in preparation for peacekeeping, combat and natural disaster relief duties
    • Perform administrative and guard duties.

    Personnel in this unit group are assigned to specific operations related to reconnaissance, peacekeeping, disaster relief and combat.

  • Employment requirements

    • Completion of secondary school is usually required.
    • Three months of basic military training are provided.
    • Specialized training in the operation and maintenance of military equipment and systems is provided.
  • Additional information

    • Progression to commissioned officer occupations is possible with additional training and experience.
    • Military personnel are classified according to their military rank.
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