North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Canada 2017 Version 2.0

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52 - Finance and insurance

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in financial transactions (that is, transactions involving the creation, liquidation, or change in ownership of financial assets) or in facilitating financial transactions. Included are:

* establishments that are primarily engaged in financial intermediation. They raise funds by taking deposits and/or issuing securities, and, in the process, incur liabilities, which they use to acquire financial assets by making loans and/or purchasing securities. Putting themselves at risk, they channel funds from lenders to borrowers and transform or repackage the funds with respect to maturity, scale and risk.

* establishments that are primarily engaged in the pooling of risk by underwriting annuities and insurance. They collect fees (insurance premiums or annuity considerations), build up reserves, invest those reserves and make contractual payments. Fees are based on the expected incidence of the insured risk and the expected return on investment.

524 - Insurance carriers and related activities

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in underwriting annuities, insurance policies and reinsurance, and the retailing of insurance and the provision of related services to policy holders. Industries are defined in terms of the type of risk being insured against, such as death, loss of employment due to age or disability, and property damage. Establishments that pool risk invest premiums to build up a portfolio of financial assets to be used against future claims. Contributions and premiums are set on the basis of actuarial calculations of probable payouts based on risk factors from experience tables and expected investment returns on reserves.

5241 - Insurance carriers

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in underwriting annuities, insurance policies and reinsurance. The establishments of this group invest premiums to build up a portfolio of financial assets to be used against future claims. Contributions and premiums are set on the basis of actuarial calculations of reserves. Direct insurance carriers that are primarily engaged in underwriting annuities and insurance policies directly to policy holders, and reinsurance carriers that are primarily engaged in assuming all or part of the risk associated with existing insurance policies originally underwritten by other insurance carriers, are included. Industries are defined in terms of the type of risk against which the policy holders are being insured, such as death, loss of employment due to age or disability, and property damage.

52413 - Reinsurance carriers

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in assuming all or part of the risk associated with any type of insurance policy originally underwritten by other insurance carriers.

  • Exclusion(s)

    • underwriting life, health or medical insurance directly to policyholders (See 52411 Direct life, health and medical insurance carriers)
    • underwriting property, automobile, and other insurance, directly to policyholders (See 52412 Direct insurance (except life, health and medical) carriers)
524131 - Life reinsurance carriersCAN

This Canadian industry comprises establishments in which more than 70 percent of nominal output is derived from assuming all or part of the risk associated with individual and group annuities and policies for life insurance, accidental death and dismemberment insurance, and disability income insurance originally underwritten by other insurance carriers. Nominal output is measured as premiums less claims plus investment income.

524132 - Accident and sickness reinsurance carriersCAN

This Canadian industry comprises establishments in which more than 70 percent of nominal output is derived from assuming all or part of the risk associated with insurance policies for hospital, medical, dental, vision and other health services originally underwritten by other insurance carriers. Nominal output is measured as premiums less claims plus investment income.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • health and accident reinsurance underwriters or carriers

    All examples

524133 - Automobile reinsurance carriersCAN

This Canadian industry comprises establishments in which more than 70 percent of nominal output is derived from assuming all or part of the risk associated with automobile insurance policies originally underwritten by other insurance carriers. Nominal output is measured as premiums less claims plus investment income.

524134 - Property reinsurance carriersCAN

This Canadian industry comprises establishments in which more than 70 percent of nominal output is derived from assuming all or part of the risk associated with property insurance policies originally underwritten by other insurance carriers. Nominal output is measured as premiums less claims plus investment income.

Property insurance provides protection for losses to buildings and contents.

524135 - Liability reinsurance carriersCAN

This Canadian industry comprises establishments in which more than 70 per cent of nominal output is derived from assuming all or part of the risk associated with liability insurance policies originally underwritten by other insurance carriers. Nominal output is measured as premiums less claims plus investment income.

Liability insurance provides protection for legal liability to others for injury, death or damage to property which may arise in the course of carrying out occupational or personal activities.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • directors' liability reinsurance
    • product liability reinsurance
    • professional malpractice reinsurance

    All examples

524139 - General and other reinsurance carriersCAN

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in assuming all or part of the risk associated with insurance policies originally underwritten by other insurance carriers.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • non-specialized reinsurance carriers

    All examples

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