North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Canada 2017 Version 2.0

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71 - Arts, entertainment and recreation

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating facilities or providing services to meet the cultural, entertainment and recreational interests of their patrons. These establishments produce, promote or participate in live performances, events or exhibits intended for public viewing; provide the artistic, creative and technical skills necessary for the production of artistic products and live performances; preserve and exhibit objects and sites of historical, cultural or educational interest; and operate facilities or provide services that enable patrons to participate in sports or recreational activities or pursue amusement, hobbies and leisure-time interests.

There are establishments engaged in activities related to arts and recreation that are classified in other sectors of NAICS. The most important are listed below.

  • Exclusion(s)

    • establishments that provide both accommodation and recreational facilities, such as hunting and fishing camps, resorts and casino hotels (See 721 Accommodation services)
    • motion picture theatres, libraries and archives, and publishers of newspapers, magazines, books, periodicals and computer software (See 51 Information and cultural industries)
    • restaurants and night clubs that provide live entertainment in addition to the sale of food and beverages (See 722 Food services and drinking places)
    • transportation establishments providing sightseeing and pleasure cruises (See 48-49 Transportation and warehousing)

711 - Performing arts, spectator sports and related industries

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing, or organizing and promoting, live presentations that involve the performances of actors and actresses, singers, dancers, musical groups and artists, athletes and other entertainers. This subsector also includes independent (freelance) entertainers and artists and the establishments that manage their careers. The classification recognizes four basic processes: producing events; organizing and promoting events; managing and representing entertainers; and providing the artistic, creative and technical skills necessary for the production of artistic products and live performances.

This subsector makes a clear distinction between performing arts companies and performing artists (independents). Although not unique to arts and entertainment, freelancing is a particularly important phenomenon in this subsector; however, it is difficult to implement in the case of musical groups (companies) and artists, especially pop groups. These establishments tend to be more loosely organized and it can be difficult to distinguish companies from freelancers. Therefore, this subsector includes one industry that covers both musical groups and musical artists.

7111 - Performing arts companies

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing live presentations that involve the performances of actors and actresses, singers, dancers, musical groups and artists, and other performing artists. Examples of establishments in this industry group are theatre companies, dance companies, musical groups and artists, circuses and ice-skating shows.

  • Exclusion(s)

    • independent performing artists (See 711512 Independent actors, comedians and performers)
    • organizing and promoting, but not producing, presentations of performing artists (See 7113 Promoters (presenters) of performing arts, sports and similar events)
71111 - Theatre companies and dinner theatres

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing live presentations that involve the performances of actors and actresses, opera singers and other vocalists. Included are theatre companies that operate their own facilities, primarily for the staging of their own productions, as well as establishments, known as dinner theatres, engaged in producing live theatrical entertainment and in providing food and beverages for consumption on the premises. Examples of establishments in this industry are theatre companies, opera companies, musical theatre companies, community theatres, multidisciplinary theatres, puppet theatres, mime theatres and comedy troupes.

  • Exclusion(s)

    • freelance producers and performing artists (See 711512 Independent actors, comedians and performers)
    • independent musicians and vocalists (See 711130 Musical groups and artists)
    • organizing and promoting, but not producing, performing arts productions (See 7113 Promoters (presenters) of performing arts, sports and similar events)
    • providing food and beverages for consumption on the premises and also presenting live entertainment, such as comedy clubs (except dinner theatres) (See 722 Food services and drinking places)
71112 - Dance companies

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing live presentations that involve the performances of dancers. Dance companies that operate their own facilities, primarily for the staging of their own production, are included.

71113 - Musical groups and artists

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing live presentations (except musical theatre and opera) that involve the performances of musicians and/or vocalists. Establishments in this industry may consist of independent groups or individual artists.

71119 - Other performing arts companies

This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in producing live performing arts presentations.

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