Classification of residence on or off reserve 2021

Status: This standard was approved as a departmental standard on September 14, 2022.

Statistics Canada works closely with Indigenous Services Canada (ISC) and Crown Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada (CIRNAC), formerly Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC), to identify the reserves and the settlements to be included as census subdivisions. Furthermore, the inclusion of a census subdivision of the type 'Indian settlement' is dependent upon the agreement of the provincial or territorial authorities.

Classification structure

Classification of residence on or off reserve 2021 - Classification structure
Code Name
1On reserve On reserveNote 1
2Off reserve Off reserve


Note 1

'On reserve' includes eight census subdivision types legally affiliated with First Nations or Indian bands, i.e., Indian reserve (IRI), Indian settlement (S-É) (except for the two Indian settlements of Champagne Landing 10 and Kloo Lake, located in Yukon), Indian government district (IGD), Terres réservées aux Cris (TC), Terres réservées aux Naskapis (TK), Nisga'a land (NL), Tsawwassen Lands (TWL) and Tla'amin Lands (TAL).

Return to note 1 referrer

Date modified: