Variant of NAICS 1997 - Labour Force Survey (LFS) Industries

7 - Services-Producing Sector

8 - Trade

41 - Wholesale Trade

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling merchandise and providing related logistics, marketing and support services. The wholesaling process is generally an intermediate step in the distribution of merchandise; many wholesalers are therefore organized to sell merchandise in large quantities to retailers, and business and institutional clients. However, some wholesalers, in particular those that supply non-consumer capital goods, sell merchandise in single units to final users.

This sector recognizes two main types of wholesalers, that is, wholesale merchants and wholesale agents and brokers.

Wholesale Merchants

Wholesale merchants buy and sell merchandise on their own account, that is, they take title to the goods they sell. They generally operate from warehouse or office locations and they may ship from their own inventory or arrange for the shipment of goods directly from the supplier to the client. In addition to the sale of goods, they may provide, or arrange for the provision of, logistics, marketing and support services, such as packaging and labelling, inventory management, shipping, handling of warranty claims, in-store or co-op promotions, and product training. Dealers of machinery and equipment, such as dealers of farm machinery and heavy-duty trucks, also fall within this category.

Wholesale merchants are known by a variety of trade designations depending on their relationship with suppliers or customers, or the distribution method they employ. Examples include wholesale merchants, wholesale distributors, drop shippers, rack-jobbers, import-export merchants, buying groups, dealer-owned cooperatives and banner wholesalers.

The first eight subsectors of wholesale trade comprise wholesale merchants. The grouping of these establishments into industry groups and industries is based on the merchandise line or lines supplied by the wholesaler.

Wholesale Agents and Brokers

Wholesale agents and brokers buy and sell merchandise owned by others on a fee or commission basis. They do not take title to the goods they buy or sell, and they generally operate at or from an office location.

Wholesale agents and brokers are known by a variety of trade designations including import-export agents, wholesale commission agents, wholesale brokers, and manufacturer's representatives and agents.

417 - Machinery, Equipment and Supplies Wholesaler-Distributors

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling farm, lawn and garden machinery and equipment; construction, forestry, mining and industrial machinery, equipment and supplies; computers and communication equipment and supplies; and other machinery, equipment and supplies.

4179 - Other Machinery, Equipment and Supplies Wholesaler-Distributors

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling office, store, service industry, professional and other machinery, equipment and supplies.

41792 - Service Establishment Machinery, Equipment and Supplies Wholesaler-Distributors

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used service establishment machinery and equipment.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • wholesaling domestic washing machines and dryers (See 41422 Household Appliance Wholesaler-Distributors)
    • wholesaling supplies such as soaps and detergents (See 41841 Chemical (except Agricultural) and Allied Product Wholesaler-Distributors)
417920 - Service Establishment Machinery, Equipment and Supplies Wholesaler-Distributors

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used service establishment machinery and equipment.

  • Example Activities:

    • Bar furniture, wholesale
    • Barber shop equipment and supplies, wholesale
    • Beauty parlour equipment and supplies, wholesale
    • Boot and shoe cut stock and findings, wholesale
    • Cafeteria furniture, wholesale
    • Carwash equipment and supplies, wholesale
    • Caskets, burial, wholesale
    • Coin-operated game machines, wholesale
    • Concrete burial vaults and boxes, wholesale
    • Cooking equipment, commercial, wholesale
    • Cutlery, commercial and industrial, wholesale
    • Dishwashing equipment, commercial, wholesale
    • Drycleaning plant equipment and supplies, wholesale
    • Food warming equipment, commercial, wholesale
    • Funeral equipment and morticians' goods, wholesale
    • Game machines, coin-operated, wholesale
    • Hotel and restaurant equipment, wholesale
    • Janitorial machinery and equipment, wholesale
    • Janitors' supplies, wholesale
    • Kitchen utensils, commercial, wholesale
    • Laundry machinery and equipment, wholesale
    • Locksmith equipment and supplies, wholesale
    • Merchandising machines, automatic, wholesale
    • Morticians' goods, wholesale
    • Motion picture studio and theatre equipment, wholesale
    • Neon signs, wholesale
    • Phonographs, coin-operated, wholesale
    • Restaurant and hotel equipment, wholesale
    • Service industries machinery and equipment, wholesale
    • Shoe repair equipment and supplies, wholesale
    • Signs, electrical, wholesale
    • Soda fountain fixtures (except refrigerated), wholesale
    • Soles, shoe, wholesale
    • Tailors' supplies, wholesale
    • Theatre equipment and supplies (including projection equipment), wholesale
    • Theatre projection equipment, wholesale
    • Theatre seats, wholesale
    • Upholsterers' equipment and supplies, wholesale
    • Upholstery filling and padding, wholesale
    • Vending machines, wholesale
    • Water softening equipment, commercial, wholesale
    • Water sterilization equipment, wholesale
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