Variant of NAICS 1997 - Labour Force Survey (LFS) Industries

1 - Goods-Producing Sector

6 - Manufacturing

31-33 - Manufacturing

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in the physical or chemical transformation of materials or substances into new products. These products may be finished, in the sense that they are ready to be used or consumed, or semi-finished, in the sense of becoming a raw material for an establishment to use in further manufacturing. Related activities, such as the assembly of the component parts of manufactured goods; the blending of materials; and the finishing of manufactured products by dyeing, heat-treating, plating and similar operations are also treated as manufacturing activities. Manufacturing establishments are known by a variety of trade designations, such as plants, factories or mills.

Manufacturing establishments may own the materials which they transform or they may transform materials owned by other establishments. Manufacturing may take place in factories or in workers' homes, using either machinery or hand tools.

Certain activities involving the transformation of goods are classified in other sectors. Some examples are post-harvest activities of agricultural establishments, such as crop drying; logging; the beneficiating of mineral ores; the production of structures by construction establishments; and various activities conducted by retailers, such as meat cutting and the assembly of products such as bicycles and computers.

331 - Primary Metal Manufacturing

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in smelting and refining ferrous and non-ferrous metals from ore, pig or scrap in blast or electric furnaces. Metal alloys are made with the introduction of other chemical elements. The output of smelting and refining, usually in ingot form, is used in rolling and drawing operations to produce sheet, strip, bars, rods and wire, and in molten form to produce castings and other basic metal products.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • manufacturing metal forgings or stampings (See 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing)
3314 - Non-Ferrous Metal (except Aluminum) Production and Processing

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in smelting, refining, rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying non-ferrous metal, except aluminum.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • smelting, refining, rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying aluminum (See 3313 Alumina and Aluminum Production and Processing)
33142 - Copper Rolling, Drawing, Extruding and Alloying

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in rolling, drawing, extruding and re-alloying copper, brass, bronze and other copper-based alloys, to produce products such as plates, sheets, strips, bars, wire and tubing, and specialty alloys. Establishments primarily engaged in drawing copper wire (whether or not the establishment further works the wire by such operations as insulating it); and in recovering copper from scrap, are included.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • manufacturing copper and copper alloy products in a smelter or refinery (See 33141 Non-Ferrous Metal (except Aluminum) Smelting and Refining)
    • casting copper (See 33152 Non-Ferrous Metal Foundries)
    • insulating purchased copper wire and cable (See 33592 Communication and Energy Wire and Cable Manufacturing)
331420 - Copper Rolling, Drawing, Extruding and Alloying

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in rolling, drawing, extruding and re-alloying copper, brass, bronze and other copper-based alloys, to produce products such as plates, sheets, strips, bars, wire and tubing, and specialty alloys. Establishments primarily engaged in drawing copper wire (whether or not the establishment further works the wire by such operations as insulating it); and in recovering copper from scrap, are included.

  • Example Activities:

    • Alloying purchased copper
    • Brass products, made by rolling, drawing, extruding or alloying purchased metal
    • Bronze products, made by rolling, drawing, extruding or alloying purchased metal
    • Coaxial cable, made in copper wire drawing plants
    • Copper alloys (e.g., brass, bronze), made from purchased metals and copper-based alloys
    • Copper and copper alloy shapes (e.g., bar, ingot, rod, sheet), made from purchased metal or scrap
    • Copper powder, paste and flakes, made from purchased copper
    • Copper products, made by rolling, drawing, extruding or alloying purchased metal
    • Copper refining, secondary (i.e., from purchased metal or scrap)
    • Copper rolling, drawing and extruding
    • Electric cable and wire, copper, made in wire drawing plants
    • Foil, copper and copper alloy, made by rolling purchased metal or scrap
    • Pipe, copper and copper alloy, made from purchased metal or scrap
    • Powder, made from purchased copper
    • Refining copper, secondary (i.e., of purchased metal or scrap)
    • Strip, copper and copper alloy, made from purchased metal or scrap
    • Tubing, copper and copper alloy, made from purchased metal or scrap
    • Wire products, made in copper wire drawing plants
    • Wire, copper and copper alloy, made in wire drawing plants
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