Variant of NAICS 1997 - Labour Force Survey (LFS) Industries

1 - Goods-Producing Sector

6 - Manufacturing

31-33 - Manufacturing

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in the physical or chemical transformation of materials or substances into new products. These products may be finished, in the sense that they are ready to be used or consumed, or semi-finished, in the sense of becoming a raw material for an establishment to use in further manufacturing. Related activities, such as the assembly of the component parts of manufactured goods; the blending of materials; and the finishing of manufactured products by dyeing, heat-treating, plating and similar operations are also treated as manufacturing activities. Manufacturing establishments are known by a variety of trade designations, such as plants, factories or mills.

Manufacturing establishments may own the materials which they transform or they may transform materials owned by other establishments. Manufacturing may take place in factories or in workers' homes, using either machinery or hand tools.

Certain activities involving the transformation of goods are classified in other sectors. Some examples are post-harvest activities of agricultural establishments, such as crop drying; logging; the beneficiating of mineral ores; the production of structures by construction establishments; and various activities conducted by retailers, such as meat cutting and the assembly of products such as bicycles and computers.

325 - Chemical Manufacturing

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing chemicals and chemical preparations, from organic and inorganic raw materials.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • field processing of crude petroleum and natural gas (See 211 Oil and Gas Extraction)
    • beneficiating mineral ores (See 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas))
    • processing crude petroleum and coal (See 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing)
    • smelting and refining ores and concentrates (See 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing)
3251 - Basic Chemical Manufacturing

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing chemicals, using basic processes such as thermal cracking and distillation. Chemicals produced in this industry group are usually separate chemical elements or separate chemically-defined compounds.

32512 - Industrial Gas Manufacturing

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing industrial organic and inorganic gases in compressed, liquid and solid forms.

325120 - Industrial Gas Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing industrial organic and inorganic gases in compressed, liquid and solid forms.

  • Example Activities:

    • Acetylene, manufacturing
    • Air, liquid, manufacturing
    • Argon, manufacturing
    • Carbon dioxide, manufacturing
    • Chlorofluorocarbon gases, manufacturing
    • Dry ice (i.e., solid carbon dioxide), manufacturing
    • Fluorocarbon gases, manufacturing
    • Gases, industrial (i.e., compressed, liquefied, solid), manufacturing
    • Helium, manufacturing
    • Hydrogen, manufacturing
    • Ice, dry (i.e., solid carbon dioxide), manufacturing
    • Neon, manufacturing
    • Nitrogen, manufacturing
    • Nitrous oxide, manufacturing
    • Oxygen, manufacturing
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