Variant of NAICS 1997 - Labour Force Survey (LFS) Industries

1 - Goods-Producing Sector

6 - Manufacturing

31-33 - Manufacturing

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in the physical or chemical transformation of materials or substances into new products. These products may be finished, in the sense that they are ready to be used or consumed, or semi-finished, in the sense of becoming a raw material for an establishment to use in further manufacturing. Related activities, such as the assembly of the component parts of manufactured goods; the blending of materials; and the finishing of manufactured products by dyeing, heat-treating, plating and similar operations are also treated as manufacturing activities. Manufacturing establishments are known by a variety of trade designations, such as plants, factories or mills.

Manufacturing establishments may own the materials which they transform or they may transform materials owned by other establishments. Manufacturing may take place in factories or in workers' homes, using either machinery or hand tools.

Certain activities involving the transformation of goods are classified in other sectors. Some examples are post-harvest activities of agricultural establishments, such as crop drying; logging; the beneficiating of mineral ores; the production of structures by construction establishments; and various activities conducted by retailers, such as meat cutting and the assembly of products such as bicycles and computers.

324 - Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in transforming crude petroleum and coal into intermediate and end products. The dominant process is petroleum refining, which separates crude petroleum into components or fractions through such techniques as cracking and distillation.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • manufacturing chemicals and chemical preparations from refined petroleum and coal products (See 325 Chemical Manufacturing)
3241 - Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in transforming crude petroleum and coal into intermediate and end products. The dominant process is petroleum refining, which separates crude petroleum into components or fractions through such techniques as cracking and distillation.

32411 - Petroleum Refineries

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in refining crude petroleum. Petroleum refining involves the transformation of crude oil by such processes as cracking and distillation.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • producing natural gasoline from natural gas (See 21111 Oil and Gas Extraction)
    • manufacturing asphalt paving and roofing materials from refined petroleum products (See 32412 Asphalt Paving, Roofing and Saturated Materials Manufacturing)
    • blending and compounding lubricating oils and greases from refined petroleum products (See 32419 Other Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing)
    • manufacturing petrochemicals from petroleum feedstocks (See 32511 Petrochemical Manufacturing)
324110 - Petroleum Refineries

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in refining crude petroleum. Petroleum refining involves the transformation of crude oil by such processes as cracking and distillation.

  • Example Activities:

    • Aliphatic (i.e., acyclic) chemicals, made in petroleum refineries
    • Alkylates, made in petroleum refineries
    • Asphalt and asphaltic materials, made in petroleum refineries
    • Asphalt paving mixtures, made in petroleum refineries
    • Aviation fuels, made in petroleum refineries
    • Benzene, made in petroleum refineries
    • Coke, petroleum, made in petroleum refineries
    • Crude oil, refining
    • Cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, made in petroleum refineries
    • Diesel fuels, made in petroleum refineries
    • Ethylene, made in petroleum refineries
    • Fuel oils, made in petroleum refineries
    • Gasoline, made in petroleum refineries
    • Greases, lubricating, made in petroleum refineries
    • Heating oils, made in petroleum refineries
    • Hydraulic fluids, made in petroleum refineries
    • Jet fuels, made in petroleum refineries
    • Kerosene, made in petroleum refineries
    • Liquified petroleum gases (LPG), made in petroleum refineries
    • Lubricating oils and greases, made in petroleum refineries
    • Naphtha, made in petroleum refineries
    • Naphthalene, made in petroleum refineries
    • Oil (i.e., petroleum) refineries
    • Oils (e.g., fuel, lubricating and illuminating), made in petroleum refineries
    • Petrochemical feedstocks, made in petroleum refineries
    • Petrochemicals, made in petroleum refineries
    • Petroleum jelly, made in petroleum refineries
    • Petroleum refineries
    • Propane gases, made in petroleum refineries
    • Refineries, petroleum
    • Toluene, made in petroleum refineries
    • Waxes, petroleum, made in petroleum refineries
    • Xylene, made in petroleum refineries
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