Variant of NAICS 1997 - Labour Force Survey (LFS) Industries

1 - Goods-Producing Sector

6 - Manufacturing

31-33 - Manufacturing

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in the physical or chemical transformation of materials or substances into new products. These products may be finished, in the sense that they are ready to be used or consumed, or semi-finished, in the sense of becoming a raw material for an establishment to use in further manufacturing. Related activities, such as the assembly of the component parts of manufactured goods; the blending of materials; and the finishing of manufactured products by dyeing, heat-treating, plating and similar operations are also treated as manufacturing activities. Manufacturing establishments are known by a variety of trade designations, such as plants, factories or mills.

Manufacturing establishments may own the materials which they transform or they may transform materials owned by other establishments. Manufacturing may take place in factories or in workers' homes, using either machinery or hand tools.

Certain activities involving the transformation of goods are classified in other sectors. Some examples are post-harvest activities of agricultural establishments, such as crop drying; logging; the beneficiating of mineral ores; the production of structures by construction establishments; and various activities conducted by retailers, such as meat cutting and the assembly of products such as bicycles and computers.

323 - Printing and Related Support Activities

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in printing and providing related support activities.

  • Example Activities:

    • Printing on textile products (except clothing)
3231 - Printing and Related Support Activities

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in printing and providing related support activities.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • printing on textile fabrics (See 3133 Textile and Fabric Finishing and Fabric Coating)
    • publishing, or printing and publishing (See 5111 Newspaper, Periodical, Book and Database Publishers)
    • printing using simple electrostatic printers, such as office-type photocopiers (See 5614 Business Support Services)
32311 - Printing

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in printing.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • printing on textile fabrics (See 31331 Textile and Fabric Finishing)
    • publishing, or printing and publishing newspapers (See 51111 Newspaper Publishers)
    • publishing, or printing and publishing periodicals (See 51112 Periodical Publishers)
    • publishing, or printing and publishing books and pamphlets (See 51113 Book Publishers)
    • publishing, or printing and publishing directories, including telephone (See 51114 Database and Directory Publishers)
    • publishing, or printing and publishing maps, calendars, art and greeting cards (See 51119 Other Publishers)
    • printing using simple electrostatic printers, such as office-type photocopiers (See 56143 Business Service Centres)
  • Example Activities:

    • Print shops
    • Printing, job
323113 - Commercial Screen Printing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in commercial printing using silk-screen printing equipment. Establishments in this Canadian industry typically have a pre-press capability, for example, to cut stencils. Typically, these establishments print on clothing; or produce paper documents of a graphical nature, such as pictures and large-format sign-type lettering.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • silk-screen printing on textile fabrics (See 313310 Textile and Fabric Finishing)
  • Example Activities:

    • Art works, screen printing without publishing
    • Cards (e.g., business, greeting, playing, postcards, trading), screen printing without publishing
    • Clothing (e.g., caps, T-shirts), screen printing
    • Glass, screen printing, for the trade
    • Job printing, screen (except on textile fabrics)
    • Posters, screen printing without publishing
    • Print shops, screen (except on textile fabrics)
    • Printing on clothing (e.g., caps, T-shirts)
    • Printing on textile products (e.g., napkins, placemats, towels), own account
    • Printing, screen (except on textile fabrics)
    • Screen printing (except on textile fabrics)
    • Screen printing clothing (except men's and boy's), for the trade
    • Screen printing men's and boy's clothing, for the trade
    • Screen printing paper documents (e.g., pictures, large-format banners), without publishing
    • Screen printing T-shirts, for the trade
323114 - Quick Printing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in commercial printing using small offset printers and/or non-impact printers. Establishments in this Canadian industry typically have a pre-press capability.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • printing using simple electrostatic printers, such as office-type photocopiers (See 561430 Business Service Centres)
  • Example Activities:

    • Printing, quick (except photocopy service)
    • Quick printing (except photocopy service)
323115 - Digital Printing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in digital printing. These establishments use computer-controlled non-impact (electrostatic, ink jet, spray jet) printing equipment. The image to be printed is input to the printer as a computer file (not simply scanned in and digitized by the printer itself). Establishments in this Canadian industry typically have extensive pre-press operations, including specialized scanners and colour-separation equipment. Typically, these establishments print documents of a high-resolution, graphical nature.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • printing using simple electrostatic printers, such as office-type photocopiers (See 561430 Business Service Centres)
  • Example Activities:

    • Digital printing (e.g., billboards, other large format graphical materials)
    • Digital printing (e.g., graphics, high resolution)
    • Print shops, digital
    • Printing, digital (e.g., billboards, other large format graphical materials)
    • Printing, digital (e.g., graphics, high resolution)
323116 - Manifold Business Forms Printing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in printing manifold business forms.

  • Example Activities:

    • Books, sales, manifold, printing
    • Business forms, manifold, printing
    • Cheque books and refills, printing
    • Computer forms, manifold or continuous (except paper simply lined), printing
    • Forms, business, manifold, printing
    • Manifold business forms, printing
    • Printing manifold business forms
    • Sales books, manifold, printing
    • Unit set forms (e.g., manifold credit card slips), printing
323119 - Other Printing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in printing.

  • Example Activities:

    • Address lists, printing without publishing
    • Advertising material (e.g., coupons, flyers), printing without publishing
    • Albums (e.g., photo, scrap), manufacturing
    • Almanacs, printing without publishing
    • Appointment books and refills, manufacturing
    • Art works, printing (except screen) without publishing
    • Atlases, printing without publishing
    • Bank notes, printing
    • Binders, looseleaf, manufacturing
    • Blankbooks and refills, manufacturing
    • Books, printing without publishing
    • Business forms (except manifold), printing without publishing
    • Calendars, printing without publishing
    • Cards (e.g., business, greeting, playing, postcards, trading), printing without publishing
    • Catalogues of collections (e.g., museum), printing without publishing
    • Catalogues, printing without publishing
    • Certificates (e.g., bond, stock), printing without publishing
    • Comic books, printing without publishing
    • Credit and identification card imprinting, embossing and encoding
    • Dictionaries, printing without publishing
    • Directories, printing without publishing
    • Encyclopedias, printing without publishing
    • Fiction books, printing without publishing
    • Flexographic printing (except manifold business forms, textile fabrics), without publishing
    • Globe covers and maps, printing without publishing
    • Gravure printing (except manifold business forms, textile fabrics), without publishing
    • Greeting cards (e.g., birthday, holiday, sympathy), printing without publishing
    • Guides, street map, printing without publishing
    • Guides, travel books, printing without publishing
    • Intaglio printing
    • Job printing, lithographic (except quick)
    • Job printing, offset (except quick)
    • Journals and magazines, trade, printing without publishing
    • Journals, scholarly, printing without publishing
    • Labels, printing on a job-order basis
    • Letterpress printing
    • Lithographic printing (except manifold business forms, quick printing, textile fabrics), without publishing
    • Looseleaf binders and devices, manufacturing
    • Magazines and periodicals, printing without publishing
    • Maps, printing without publishing
    • Music books, printing without publishing
    • Music, sheet, printing without publishing
    • Newspapers, printing without publishing
    • Nonfiction books, printing without publishing
    • Offset printing (except manifold business forms, quick printing, textile fabrics), without publishing
    • Pamphlets, printing without publishing
    • Patterns and plans, printing without publishing
    • Periodicals, printing without publishing
    • Photo albums and refills, manufacturing
    • Playing cards, printing without publishing
    • Postage stamps, printing without publishing
    • Postcards, printing without publishing
    • Posters, printing (except quick, digital) without publishing
    • Printing, books, without publishing
    • Printing, commercial (except manifold business forms, screen, digital, quick, textile fabrics)
    • Printing, flexographic (except manifold business forms, textile fabrics)
    • Printing, gravure (except manifold business forms, textile fabrics)
    • Printing, letterpress (except manifold business forms, textile fabrics)
    • Printing, lithographic (except manifold business forms, quick, textile fabrics)
    • Printing, offset (except manifold business forms, quick, textile fabrics)
    • Programs, for sporting events, printing without publishing
    • Religious books, printing without publishing
    • Rotogravure printing
    • Schedules (e.g., radio, television, transportation), printing without publishing
    • School books, printing without publishing
    • Scrapbooks and refills, manufacturing
    • Sheet music, printing without publishing
    • Signs and notices, paper, printing (except quick, digital) without publishing
    • Stationery, printing (except quick) on a job-order basis
    • Stock and bond certificates, printing without publishing
    • Technical manuals and papers (books), printing without publishing
    • Telephone directories, printing without publishing
    • Textbooks, printing without publishing
    • Time planners/organizers and refills, manufacturing
    • Travel guide books, printing without publishing
Report a problem on this page

Is something not working? Is there information outdated? Can't find what you're looking for?

Please contact us and let us know how we can help you.

Privacy notice

Date modified: