Variant of NAICS 1997 - Labour Force Survey (LFS) Industries

1 - Goods-Producing Sector

6 - Manufacturing

31-33 - Manufacturing

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in the physical or chemical transformation of materials or substances into new products. These products may be finished, in the sense that they are ready to be used or consumed, or semi-finished, in the sense of becoming a raw material for an establishment to use in further manufacturing. Related activities, such as the assembly of the component parts of manufactured goods; the blending of materials; and the finishing of manufactured products by dyeing, heat-treating, plating and similar operations are also treated as manufacturing activities. Manufacturing establishments are known by a variety of trade designations, such as plants, factories or mills.

Manufacturing establishments may own the materials which they transform or they may transform materials owned by other establishments. Manufacturing may take place in factories or in workers' homes, using either machinery or hand tools.

Certain activities involving the transformation of goods are classified in other sectors. Some examples are post-harvest activities of agricultural establishments, such as crop drying; logging; the beneficiating of mineral ores; the production of structures by construction establishments; and various activities conducted by retailers, such as meat cutting and the assembly of products such as bicycles and computers.

321 - Wood Product Manufacturing

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing products from wood. There are three industry groups in this subsector, comprising establishments engaged in sawing logs into lumber and similar products, or preserving these products; making products that improve the natural characteristics of wood, by making veneers, plywood, reconstituted wood panel products or engineered wood assemblies; and making a diverse range of wood products, such as millwork.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • logging; and chipping logs in the field (See 113 Forestry and Logging)
    • manufacturing wood pulp, paper and paper products (See 322 Paper Manufacturing)
    • manufacturing wood kitchen cabinets and counters, and bathroom vanities (See 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing)
    • manufacturing wood signs and coffins (See 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing)
3219 - Other Wood Product Manufacturing

This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in manufacturing wood products.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • manufacturing wood kitchen cabinets and counters, and bathroom vanities (See 3371 Household and Institutional Furniture and Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturing)
    • manufacturing wood signs and coffins (See 3399 Other Miscellaneous Manufacturing)
32191 - Millwork

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in millwork. These establishments generally use woodworking machinery, such as jointers, planers, lathes and routers, to shape wood. Establishments primarily engaged in seasoning and planing purchased lumber are included. Wood millwork products may be covered with another material, such as plastic.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • carpentry, including installing prefabricated windows, doors and stairs in buildings (See 23 Construction)
    • manufacturing dressed lumber from logs (See 32111 Sawmills and Wood Preservation)
321911 - Wood Window and Door Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wood doors and frames, and wood window units and frames, including those covered with metal or plastic.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • installing prefabricated windows and doors in buildings (See 23 Construction)
    • manufacturing metal windows and doors (See 332321 Metal Window and Door Manufacturing)
  • Example Activities:

    • Door frames and sash, wood and covered wood, manufacturing
    • Door units, prehung, wood and covered wood, manufacturing
    • Doors, wood and covered wood, manufacturing
    • Frames, door and window, wood, manufacturing
    • Garage doors, wood, manufacturing
    • Shutters, door and window, wood and covered wood, manufacturing
    • Window frames and sash, wood and covered wood, manufacturing
    • Window units, wood and covered wood, manufacturing
    • Wood door frames and sash, manufacturing
    • Wood window frames and sash, manufacturing
321919 - Other Millwork

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in millwork. These establishments generally use woodworking machinery, such as jointers, planers, lathes and routers, to shape wood. Establishments primarily engaged in seasoning and planing purchased lumber are included. Wood millwork products may be covered with another material, such as plastic.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • carpentry, including installing prefabricated stairs in buildings (See 23 Construction)
    • manufacturing dressed lumber from logs (See 32111 Sawmills and Wood Preservation)
  • Example Activities:

    • Baseboards, floor, wood, manufacturing
    • Flooring, wood, manufacturing
    • Furniture dimension stock, unfinished wood, manufacturing
    • Gun stocks, wood, manufacturing
    • Ladder rounds or rungs, hardwood, manufacturing
    • Lumber, dimension, made by resawing purchased lumber
    • Mantels, wood, manufacturing
    • Mouldings, wood, manufacturing
    • Ornamental woodwork (e.g., cornices, mantels), manufacturing
    • Parquet flooring, hardwood (assembled), manufacturing
    • Planing mills (i.e., dressing purchased rough lumber)
    • Planing purchased lumber
    • Softwood flooring, manufacturing
    • Stair railings, wood, manufacturing
    • Stairs, prefabricated wood, manufacturing
    • Stairwork (e.g., newel posts, railings, staircases, stairs), wood, manufacturing
    • Tongue and groove lumber, made by resawing purchased lumber
    • Wood flooring, manufacturing
    • Wood squares, unfinished blanks, manufacturing
    • Woodwork, interior and ornamental (e.g., windows, doors, sash, mantels), manufacturing
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