Variant of NAICS 1997 - Labour Force Survey (LFS) Industries

1 - Goods-Producing Sector

6 - Manufacturing

31-33 - Manufacturing

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in the physical or chemical transformation of materials or substances into new products. These products may be finished, in the sense that they are ready to be used or consumed, or semi-finished, in the sense of becoming a raw material for an establishment to use in further manufacturing. Related activities, such as the assembly of the component parts of manufactured goods; the blending of materials; and the finishing of manufactured products by dyeing, heat-treating, plating and similar operations are also treated as manufacturing activities. Manufacturing establishments are known by a variety of trade designations, such as plants, factories or mills.

Manufacturing establishments may own the materials which they transform or they may transform materials owned by other establishments. Manufacturing may take place in factories or in workers' homes, using either machinery or hand tools.

Certain activities involving the transformation of goods are classified in other sectors. Some examples are post-harvest activities of agricultural establishments, such as crop drying; logging; the beneficiating of mineral ores; the production of structures by construction establishments; and various activities conducted by retailers, such as meat cutting and the assembly of products such as bicycles and computers.

311 - Food Manufacturing

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing food for human or animal consumption.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • manufacturing beverages or tobacco (See 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing)
3119 - Other Food Manufacturing

This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in manufacturing food.

31194 - Seasoning and Dressing Manufacturing

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing dressings and seasonings.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • manufacturing ketchup and other tomato-based sauces; canning gravy; manufacturing boullion and dry salad dressing mixes by dehydrating ingredients (See 31142 Fruit and Vegetable Canning, Pickling and Drying)
    • manufacturing flavouring syrups (See 31193 Flavouring Syrup and Concentrate Manufacturing)
    • manufacturing industrial salts (See 32599 All Other Chemical Product Manufacturing)
311940 - Seasoning and Dressing Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing dressings and seasonings.

  • Example Activities:

    • Cheese-based salad dressings, manufacturing
    • Cider vinegar, manufacturing
    • Cider, non-alcoholic, manufacturing
    • Colourings, natural food, manufacturing
    • Dips (except cheese and sour cream-based), manufacturing
    • Extracts, food (except coffee, meat), manufacturing
    • Flavouring extracts (except coffee), manufacturing
    • Food colourings, natural, manufacturing
    • Fruit extracts (except coffee), manufacturing
    • Gravy mixes, dry, manufacturing
    • Horseradish, prepared sauce, manufacturing
    • Malt extract, manufacturing
    • Mayonnaise, manufacturing
    • Mustard, prepared, manufacturing
    • Pepper (i.e., spice), manufacturing
    • Salad dressing mixes, dry, manufacturing
    • Salad dressings, manufacturing
    • Salt, substitute, manufacturing
    • Salt, table, manufacturing
    • Sandwich spreads (except salad dressing-based), manufacturing
    • Sauce mixes, dry, manufacturing
    • Sauces (except tomato-based, gravy), manufacturing
    • Seasoning salt, manufacturing
    • Soy sauce, manufacturing
    • Spice grinding and blending
    • Table salt, manufacturing
    • Vinegar, manufacturing
    • Worcestershire sauce, manufacturing
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