Variant of NAICS 1997 - Labour Force Survey (LFS) Industries

1 - Goods-Producing Sector

6 - Manufacturing

31-33 - Manufacturing

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in the physical or chemical transformation of materials or substances into new products. These products may be finished, in the sense that they are ready to be used or consumed, or semi-finished, in the sense of becoming a raw material for an establishment to use in further manufacturing. Related activities, such as the assembly of the component parts of manufactured goods; the blending of materials; and the finishing of manufactured products by dyeing, heat-treating, plating and similar operations are also treated as manufacturing activities. Manufacturing establishments are known by a variety of trade designations, such as plants, factories or mills.

Manufacturing establishments may own the materials which they transform or they may transform materials owned by other establishments. Manufacturing may take place in factories or in workers' homes, using either machinery or hand tools.

Certain activities involving the transformation of goods are classified in other sectors. Some examples are post-harvest activities of agricultural establishments, such as crop drying; logging; the beneficiating of mineral ores; the production of structures by construction establishments; and various activities conducted by retailers, such as meat cutting and the assembly of products such as bicycles and computers.

311 - Food Manufacturing

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing food for human or animal consumption.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • manufacturing beverages or tobacco (See 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing)
3113 - Sugar and Confectionery Product Manufacturing

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing sugar and confectionery products.

31134 - Non-Chocolate Confectionery Manufacturing

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing non-chocolate confectionery.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • manufacturing chocolate confectionery from cacao beans (See 31132 Chocolate and Confectionery Manufacturing from Cacao Beans)
    • manufacturing chocolate confectionery from purchased chocolate (See 31133 Confectionery Manufacturing from Purchased Chocolate)
    • roasting, salting, drying, cooking or canning nuts and seeds (See 31191 Snack Food Manufacturing)
311340 - Non-Chocolate Confectionery Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing non-chocolate confectionery.

  • Example Activities:

    • Candied fruits and fruit peel, manufacturing
    • Candy (except chocolate), manufacturing
    • Candy bars (except chocolate), manufacturing
    • Candy stores (except chocolate), candy made on the premises, not for immediate consumption
    • Chewing gum, manufacturing
    • Confectionery, non-chocolate, manufacturing
    • Corn confections (i.e., candy-coated), manufacturing
    • Cough drops (except medicated), manufacturing
    • Fruit peel products (e.g., candied, glazed, glacé, crystallized), manufacturing
    • Fruits (e.g., candied, glazed, crystallized), manufacturing
    • Fudge (except chocolate), manufacturing
    • Granola bars and clusters (except chocolate-coated), manufacturing
    • Gum, chewing, manufacturing
    • Marshmallows, manufacturing
    • Nuts, covered (except chocolate covered), manufacturing
    • Popcorn balls and other candy-covered popcorn products, manufacturing
    • Synthetic chocolate, manufacturing
    • Toffee, manufacturing
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