Variant of NAICS 1997 - Labour Force Survey (LFS) Industries

1 - Goods-Producing Sector

6 - Manufacturing

31-33 - Manufacturing

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in the physical or chemical transformation of materials or substances into new products. These products may be finished, in the sense that they are ready to be used or consumed, or semi-finished, in the sense of becoming a raw material for an establishment to use in further manufacturing. Related activities, such as the assembly of the component parts of manufactured goods; the blending of materials; and the finishing of manufactured products by dyeing, heat-treating, plating and similar operations are also treated as manufacturing activities. Manufacturing establishments are known by a variety of trade designations, such as plants, factories or mills.

Manufacturing establishments may own the materials which they transform or they may transform materials owned by other establishments. Manufacturing may take place in factories or in workers' homes, using either machinery or hand tools.

Certain activities involving the transformation of goods are classified in other sectors. Some examples are post-harvest activities of agricultural establishments, such as crop drying; logging; the beneficiating of mineral ores; the production of structures by construction establishments; and various activities conducted by retailers, such as meat cutting and the assembly of products such as bicycles and computers.

311 - Food Manufacturing

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing food for human or animal consumption.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • manufacturing beverages or tobacco (See 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing)
3111 - Animal Food Manufacturing

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing food and feed for animals, including pets.

31111 - Animal Food Manufacturing

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing food and feed for animals, including pets.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • slaughtering animals for feed (See 31161 Animal Slaughtering and Processing)
    • manufacturing hormones or other pharmaceutical products for use in animal feed (See 32541 Pharmaceutical and Medicine Manufacturing)
311111 - Dog and Cat Food Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing dog and cat food.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • slaughtering animals for feed (See 311611 Animal (except Poultry) Slaughtering)
    • slaughtering poultry for dog and cat food (See 311615 Poultry Processing)
  • Example Activities:

    • Cat food, made from purchased meat and poultry
    • Dog and cat food, manufacturing
    • Dog food, made from purchased meat and poultry
    • Feed supplements, dog and cat, manufacturing
    • Mineral feed supplements, dog and cat, manufacturing
    • Pet food, dog and cat, manufacturing
311119 - Other Animal Food Manufacturing

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing animal food.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • manufacturing hormones or other pharmaceutical products for use in animal feed (See 325410 Pharmaceutical and Medicine Manufacturing)
  • Example Activities:

    • Animal feed, prepared (except dogs and cats), manufacturing
    • Bird food, prepared, manufacturing
    • Complete feed, livestock, manufacturing
    • Feed premixes, animal (except dogs and cats), manufacturing
    • Feed supplements, animal (except cat and dog), manufacturing
    • Feed, prepared for animals (except dogs and cats), manufacturing
    • Feed, specialty (e.g., for mice, guinea pig, mink), manufacturing
    • Grain mills, animal feed
    • Hay, cubed, manufacturing
    • Livestock feeds, supplements, concentrates and premixes, manufacturing
    • Micro and macro premixes, livestock, manufacturing
    • Mineral feed supplements for animals (except dogs and cats), manufacturing
    • Pet food (except dogs and cats), manufacturing
    • Poultry feeds, supplements, concentrates and premixes, manufacturing
    • Swine feeds, supplements, concentrates and premixes, manufacturing
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