Variant of NAICS 1997 - Labour Force Survey (LFS) Industries

1 - Goods-Producing Sector

6 - Manufacturing

31-33 - Manufacturing

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in the physical or chemical transformation of materials or substances into new products. These products may be finished, in the sense that they are ready to be used or consumed, or semi-finished, in the sense of becoming a raw material for an establishment to use in further manufacturing. Related activities, such as the assembly of the component parts of manufactured goods; the blending of materials; and the finishing of manufactured products by dyeing, heat-treating, plating and similar operations are also treated as manufacturing activities. Manufacturing establishments are known by a variety of trade designations, such as plants, factories or mills.

Manufacturing establishments may own the materials which they transform or they may transform materials owned by other establishments. Manufacturing may take place in factories or in workers' homes, using either machinery or hand tools.

Certain activities involving the transformation of goods are classified in other sectors. Some examples are post-harvest activities of agricultural establishments, such as crop drying; logging; the beneficiating of mineral ores; the production of structures by construction establishments; and various activities conducted by retailers, such as meat cutting and the assembly of products such as bicycles and computers.

323 - Printing and Related Support Activities

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in printing and providing related support activities.

  • Example Activities:

    • Printing on textile products (except clothing)
3231 - Printing and Related Support Activities

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in printing and providing related support activities.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • printing on textile fabrics (See 3133 Textile and Fabric Finishing and Fabric Coating)
    • publishing, or printing and publishing (See 5111 Newspaper, Periodical, Book and Database Publishers)
    • printing using simple electrostatic printers, such as office-type photocopiers (See 5614 Business Support Services)
32311 - Printing

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in printing.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • printing on textile fabrics (See 31331 Textile and Fabric Finishing)
    • publishing, or printing and publishing newspapers (See 51111 Newspaper Publishers)
    • publishing, or printing and publishing periodicals (See 51112 Periodical Publishers)
    • publishing, or printing and publishing books and pamphlets (See 51113 Book Publishers)
    • publishing, or printing and publishing directories, including telephone (See 51114 Database and Directory Publishers)
    • publishing, or printing and publishing maps, calendars, art and greeting cards (See 51119 Other Publishers)
    • printing using simple electrostatic printers, such as office-type photocopiers (See 56143 Business Service Centres)
  • Example Activities:

    • Print shops
    • Printing, job
32312 - Support Activities for Printing

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing support services to commercial printers, such as pre-press and bindery work.

Report a problem on this page

Is something not working? Is there information outdated? Can't find what you're looking for?

Please contact us and let us know how we can help you.

Privacy notice

Date modified: