Variant of NAICS 1997 - Goods and services

41-91 - Services

54 - Professional, Scientific and Technical Services

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in activities in which human capital is the major input. These establishments make available the knowledge and skills of their employees, often on an assignment basis. The individual industries of this sector are defined on the basis of the particular expertise and training of the service provider.

The main components of this sector are legal services industries, accounting and related services industries, architectural, engineering and related services industries, surveying and mapping services industries, design services industries, management, scientific and technical consulting services industries, scientific research and development services industries, and advertising services industries.

The distinguishing feature of this sector is the fact that most of the industries grouped in it have production processes that are almost wholly dependent on worker skills. In most of these industries, equipment and materials are not of major importance. Thus, the establishments classified in this sector sell expertise. Much of the expertise requires a university or college education, though not in every case.

Establishments primarily engaged in providing instruction and training in a wide variety of subjects and those primarily engaged in providing health care by diagnosis and treatment are not included in this sector.

541 - Professional, Scientific and Technical Services

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in activities in which human capital is the major input. These establishments make available the knowledge and skills of their employees, often on an assignment basis. The individual industries of this subsector are defined on the basis of the particular expertise and training of the service provider.

The main components of this subsector are legal services industries, accounting and related services industries, architectural, engineering and related services industries, surveying and mapping services industries, design services industries, management, scientific and technical consulting services industries, scientific research and development services industries, and advertising services industries.

The distinguishing feature of this subsector is the fact that most of the industries grouped in it have production processes that are almost wholly dependent on worker skills. In most of these industries, equipment and materials are not of major importance. Thus, the establishments classified in this subsector sell expertise. Much of the expertise requires a university or college education, though not in every case.

Establishments primarily engaged in providing instruction and training in a wide variety of subjects and those primarily engaged in providing health care by diagnosis and treatment are not included in this subsector.

  • Example Activities:

    • Laboratories (see specific type)
5414 - Specialized Design Services

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing specialized design services, except architectural, engineering and computer systems design.

54141 - Interior Design Services

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in planning, designing and administering projects in interior spaces to meet the physical and aesthetic needs of people, taking into consideration building codes, health and safety regulations, traffic patterns and floor planning, mechanical and electrical needs, and interior fittings and furniture. Interior designers and interior design consultants work in areas such as hospitality design, health care design, institutional design, commercial and corporate design and residential design. This industry also includes interior decorating consultants engaged exclusively in providing aesthetic services associated with interior spaces.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • selling furniture and furnishings at retail or wholesale locations that also provide interior design or decorating services (See 41 Wholesale Trade)
54142 - Industrial Design Services

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in creating and developing designs and specifications that optimize the function, value and appearance of products. These services can include the determination of the materials, construction, mechanisms, shape, colour, and surface finishes of the product, taking into consideration human needs, safety, market appeal and efficiency in production, distribution, use and maintenance.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • designing, subcontracting the manufacturing and marketing of products(31-33)
    • applying principles of engineering in the design, development and utilization of machines, materials, instruments, structures, processes and systems (See 54133 Engineering Services)
    • designing clothing, shoes and jewellery (See 54149 Other Specialized Design Services)
54143 - Graphic Design Services

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in planning, designing and managing the production of visual communication, so as to convey specific messages or concepts, clarify complex information or project visual identities. These services can include the design of printed materials, packaging, video screen displays, advertising, signage systems and corporate identification.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • printing (See 32311 Printing)
    • publishing newspapers, periodicals, books, databases, software and related works (See 511 Publishing Industries)
    • producing animated films (See 51211 Motion Picture and Video Production)
    • providing advice concerning marketing strategies (See 54161 Management Consulting Services)
    • creating and placing advertising campaigns in media (See 54181 Advertising Agencies)
    • purchasing advertising time or space from media owners and reselling it directly to advertising agencies or advertisers (See 54183 Media Buying Agencies)
    • creating and/or placing public display advertising material (See 54185 Display Advertising)
    • providing photography services (See 54192 Photographic Services)
    • creating cartoons and visual art (See 71151 Independent Artists, Writers and Performers)
54149 - Other Specialized Design Services

This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing professional design services.

  • Exclusion(s):

    Establishments primarily engaged in:

    • providing architectural design services (See 54131 Architectural Services)
    • providing landscape architectural design services (See 54132 Landscape Architectural Services)
    • providing engineering design services (See 54133 Engineering Services)
    • providing interior design services (See 54141 Interior Design Services)
    • providing industrial design services (See 54142 Industrial Design Services)
    • providing graphic design services (See 54143 Graphic Design Services)
    • providing computer systems design services (See 54151 Computer Systems Design and Related Services)
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