North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Canada 2022 Version 1.0


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44-45 - Retail trade

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing merchandise, generally without transformation, and rendering services incidental to the sale of merchandise.

The retailing process is the final step in the distribution of merchandise; retailers are therefore organized to sell merchandise in small quantities to the general public.

Internet retail, direct selling, and mail-order retail are not separately classified from traditional in-store (also known as "brick and mortar") retail. Units that engage in retailing by any of these methods are classified based on the type of good sold. Meanwhile, vending machine operators are grouped with convenience retailers.

In addition to selling merchandise, some types of retailers are also engaged in the provision of after-sales services, such as repair and installation. For example, new automobile dealers, electronic and appliance retailers and musical instrument and supplies retailers often provide repair services, while floor covering stores and window treatment retailers often provide installation services. As a general rule, establishments engaged in retailing merchandise and providing after sales services are classified in this sector.

459 - Sporting goods, hobby, musical instrument, book, and miscellaneous retailersUS

This subsector comprises establishments engaged in retailing  sporting goods, games and toys, sewing supplies, fabrics, patterns, yarns and other needlework accessories, musical instruments, and books and other reading materials. It is also engaged in retailing a specialized line of merchandise in other types of specialty stores. Florists, office supplies stores, stationery stores, gift, novelty and souvenir stores, used merchandise stores, pet and pet supplies stores, art dealers and manufactured (mobile) home dealers are included.

  • Exclusion(s)

    • retailing new audio and video recordings (See 449214 Audio and video recording retailers)
    • retailing used sporting goods, hobby goods, books, musical instruments, and audio and video recordings (See 459510 Used merchandise retailers)

4599 - Other miscellaneous store retailersUS

This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in retailing new merchandise in other types of specialty retailers.

45992 - Art dealers

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing original and limited edition art works. Establishments primarily engaged in the exhibition of Indigenous art for retail sale are also included.

459920 - Art dealersUS

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing original and limited edition art works.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • art work (e.g., original and prints paintings, pictures, art objects), retail

    All examples

  • Inclusion(s)

    • exhibition of Indigenous art for retail sale
  • Exclusion(s)

    • operating non-commercial art galleries (See 712111 Non-commercial art museums and galleries)
    • retailing art reproductions (See 449123 Print and picture frame retailers)
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