North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Canada 2022 Version 1.0

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44-45 - Retail trade

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing merchandise, generally without transformation, and rendering services incidental to the sale of merchandise.

The retailing process is the final step in the distribution of merchandise; retailers are therefore organized to sell merchandise in small quantities to the general public.

Internet retail, direct selling, and mail-order retail are not separately classified from traditional in-store (also known as "brick and mortar") retail. Units that engage in retailing by any of these methods are classified based on the type of good sold. Meanwhile, vending machine operators are grouped with convenience retailers.

In addition to selling merchandise, some types of retailers are also engaged in the provision of after-sales services, such as repair and installation. For example, new automobile dealers, electronic and appliance retailers and musical instrument and supplies retailers often provide repair services, while floor covering stores and window treatment retailers often provide installation services. As a general rule, establishments engaged in retailing merchandise and providing after sales services are classified in this sector.

445 - Food and beverage retailersUS

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general or specialized line of food or beverage products.

4452 - Specialty food retailersUS

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing specialized lines of food products.

44529 - Other specialty food retailers

This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in retailing specialty foods. Dairy product stores, baked goods stores, and candy, nut and confectionery stores are included.

  • Exclusion(s)

    • retailing baked goods for immediate consumption (e.g., donut and bagel shops) (See 722512 Limited-service eating places)
    • retailing candy and confectionery products made on premises, not for immediate consumption (See 3113 Sugar and confectionery product manufacturing)
    • retailing goods baked on the premises, not for immediate consumption (See 311811 Bakeries, manufacture of products for retail sale)
445291 - Baked goods retailersUS

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing baked goods not baked on the premises, and not for immediate consumption.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • baked goods stores or stands (e.g., bagel, cake, pastry, cookie, bread, pretzel), without baking on the premises, retail
    • bakeries without baking on the premises, retail

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • retailing baked goods for immediate consumption whether or not baked on the premises (See 722512 Limited-service eating places)
    • retailing goods baked on premises, not for immediate consumption (See 311811 Bakeries, manufacture of products for retail sale)
445292 - Confectionery and nut retailersUS

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing candy and other confections, nuts and popcorn.

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • retailing confectionery goods and nuts made on premises, not for immediate consumption (See 3113 Sugar and confectionery product manufacturing)
445298 - All other specialty food retailersUS

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in retailing specialty foods.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • beverages, soft drink, retail
    • cheese stores, retail
    • coffee stores, retail
    • dietary foods, retail
    • honey, retail
    • house-to-house selling of coffee, soda, beer, bottled water, or other products, retail
    • ice cream (i.e., packaged) stores, retail
    • milk and other dairy products specialty stores
    • spice and herbs, retail

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • preparing and serving snack items for immediate consumption (See 722512 Limited-service eating places)
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