North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Canada 2022 Version 1.0

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44-45 - Retail trade

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing merchandise, generally without transformation, and rendering services incidental to the sale of merchandise.

The retailing process is the final step in the distribution of merchandise; retailers are therefore organized to sell merchandise in small quantities to the general public.

Internet retail, direct selling, and mail-order retail are not separately classified from traditional in-store (also known as "brick and mortar") retail. Units that engage in retailing by any of these methods are classified based on the type of good sold. Meanwhile, vending machine operators are grouped with convenience retailers.

In addition to selling merchandise, some types of retailers are also engaged in the provision of after-sales services, such as repair and installation. For example, new automobile dealers, electronic and appliance retailers and musical instrument and supplies retailers often provide repair services, while floor covering stores and window treatment retailers often provide installation services. As a general rule, establishments engaged in retailing merchandise and providing after sales services are classified in this sector.

444 - Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealersUS

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a specialized or general line of building and home improvement materials, lawn and garden equipment and supplies, outdoor power equipment, and nursery and garden products.

  • Exclusion(s)

    • retailing used building and home improvement materials, and lawn, garden and outdoor power equipment (See 459510 Used merchandise retailers)

4441 - Building material and supplies dealers

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing building materials, hardware, paint, wallpaper and related supplies.

44411 - Home centresUS

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of home repair and improvement materials and supplies, such as lumber, doors and windows, plumbing goods, electrical goods, floor coverings, tools, houseware, hardware, paint and wallpaper, and lawn and garden equipment and supplies. The merchandise lines are normally arranged in separate sections. These establishments may provide installation and repair services for the merchandise they retail.

44412 - Paint and wallpaper retailersUS

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing paint, wallpaper and related supplies.

44414 - Hardware retailersUS

This industry comprises establishments, known as hardware retailers, primarily engaged in retailing a general line of basic hardware items, such as tools and builders' hardware. These establishments may sell additional product lines, such as paint, houseware and garden supplies, that are not normally arranged in separate departments.

44418 - Other building material dealersUS

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing specialized lines of building materials. These establishments may provide installation services in addition to retailing.

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