North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Canada 2022 Version 1.0

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44-45 - Retail trade

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing merchandise, generally without transformation, and rendering services incidental to the sale of merchandise.

The retailing process is the final step in the distribution of merchandise; retailers are therefore organized to sell merchandise in small quantities to the general public.

Internet retail, direct selling, and mail-order retail are not separately classified from traditional in-store (also known as "brick and mortar") retail. Units that engage in retailing by any of these methods are classified based on the type of good sold. Meanwhile, vending machine operators are grouped with convenience retailers.

In addition to selling merchandise, some types of retailers are also engaged in the provision of after-sales services, such as repair and installation. For example, new automobile dealers, electronic and appliance retailers and musical instrument and supplies retailers often provide repair services, while floor covering stores and window treatment retailers often provide installation services. As a general rule, establishments engaged in retailing merchandise and providing after sales services are classified in this sector.

459 - Sporting goods, hobby, musical instrument, book, and miscellaneous retailers

This subsector comprises establishments engaged in retailing  sporting goods, games and toys, sewing supplies, fabrics, patterns, yarns and other needlework accessories, musical instruments, and books and other reading materials. It is also engaged in retailing a specialized line of merchandise in other types of specialty stores. Florists, office supplies stores, stationery stores, gift, novelty and souvenir stores, used merchandise stores, pet and pet supplies stores, art dealers and manufactured (mobile) home dealers are included.

  • Exclusion(s)

    • retailing new audio and video recordings (See 449214 Audio and video recording retailers)
    • retailing used sporting goods, hobby goods, books, musical instruments, and audio and video recordings (See 459510 Used merchandise retailers)

4591 - Sporting goods, hobby and musical instrument retailersUS

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new sporting goods, games and toys, and musical instruments.

4592 - Book retailers and news dealersUS

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new books, newspapers, magazines and other periodicals.

4593 - FloristsUS

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing cut flowers, floral arrangements, and potted plants grown elsewhere. These establishments typically prepare the arrangements they sell.

4594 - Office supplies, stationery and gift retailersUS

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new office supplies, stationery and gifts.

4595 - Used merchandise retailersUS

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing used merchandise. Establishments primarily engaged in retailing antiques are also included.

4599 - Other miscellaneous store retailersUS

This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in retailing new merchandise in other types of specialty retailers.

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