North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Canada 2022 Version 1.0
This subsector comprises establishments, such as farms, orchards, groves, greenhouses and nurseries, primarily engaged in growing crops, plants, vines, trees and their seeds (excluding those engaged in forestry operations). Industries have been created taking into account input factors, such as suitable land, climatic conditions, type of equipment, and the amount and type of labour required. The production process is typically completed when the raw product or commodity grown reaches the farm gate for market, that is, at the point of first sale or price determination. Establishments in these industries may use traditional crop production methods, employ modified or improved crop inputs, or engage in organic crop production.
An establishment is classified within this subsector provided that 50 percent or more of the establishment's agricultural production consists of crops. Establishments with 50 percent or more crop production and with no one product or family of products accounting for 50 percent of the production are treated as combination crop farms and classified to 11199 All other crop farming, except if 50 percent or more of the production is a combination of oilseeds and grains, in which case they are classified to 11119 Other grain farming.
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing oilseeds and grains. Establishments primarily engaged in producing seeds are classified in the appropriate crop industry.
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing vegetables and melons. Establishments primarily engaged in producing vegetable and melon seeds and vegetable and melon bedding plants are also included in this industry.
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing fruit and nuts.
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing crops of any kind under cover, growing nursery crops and growing flowers. Under cover includes in greenhouses, cold frames, cloth houses, and lath houses. The crops grown are removed at various stages of maturity.
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in growing crops, such as tobacco, peanuts, sugar beets, cotton, sugar-cane, hay, agave, herbs and spices, mint, hops, and hay and grass seeds. Combination crop farming and the gathering of maple sap are included in this industry group.