North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Canada 2022 Version 1.0

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44-45 - Retail trade

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing merchandise, generally without transformation, and rendering services incidental to the sale of merchandise.

The retailing process is the final step in the distribution of merchandise; retailers are therefore organized to sell merchandise in small quantities to the general public.

Internet retail, direct selling, and mail-order retail are not separately classified from traditional in-store (also known as "brick and mortar") retail. Units that engage in retailing by any of these methods are classified based on the type of good sold. Meanwhile, vending machine operators are grouped with convenience retailers.

In addition to selling merchandise, some types of retailers are also engaged in the provision of after-sales services, such as repair and installation. For example, new automobile dealers, electronic and appliance retailers and musical instrument and supplies retailers often provide repair services, while floor covering stores and window treatment retailers often provide installation services. As a general rule, establishments engaged in retailing merchandise and providing after sales services are classified in this sector.

441 - Motor vehicle and parts dealersUS

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing motor vehicles and providing complementary services, and retailing motor vehicle parts and accessories. The establishments of this subsector are generally specialized in the retailing of particular types of vehicles or in the retailing of particular types of parts and accessories.

  • Exclusion(s)

    • heavy-duty truck sales (See 41 Wholesale trade)

444 - Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealersUS

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a specialized or general line of building and home improvement materials, lawn and garden equipment and supplies, outdoor power equipment, and nursery and garden products.

  • Exclusion(s)

    • retailing used building and home improvement materials, and lawn, garden and outdoor power equipment (See 459510 Used merchandise retailers)

445 - Food and beverage retailersUS

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general or specialized line of food or beverage products.

449 - Furniture, home furnishings, electronics and appliances retailersUS

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new furniture, home furnishings, household appliances, home audio and video equipment, audio and video recordings, cameras, computers and related goods. Many of these establishments offer interior decorating services in addition to the sale of products. These establishments may also retail replacement parts and provide repair services.

  • Exclusion(s)

    • retailing used furniture and home furnishings (See 459510 Used merchandise retailers)
    • retailing used household appliances, home audio and video equipment, cameras, computers and related goods (See 459510 Used merchandise retailers)

455 - General merchandise retailersUS

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of merchandise that may, or may not, include a general line of grocery items.

  • Exclusion(s)

    • retailing a general line of building and home improvement materials (See 444110 Home centres)
    • retailing a general line of grocery items (See 445110 Supermarkets and other grocery retailers (except Convenience retailers))
    • retailing a general line of used goods (See 459510 Used merchandise retailers)

456 - Health and personal care retailersUS

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing health and personal care products. Drug stores and pharmacies, cosmetics, beauty supplies and perfume retailers, optical goods retailers food (health) supplement retailers and health appliance retailers are included.

457 - Gasoline stations and fuel vendorsUS

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing motor fuels, whether or not the gasoline station is operated in conjunction with a convenience store, repair garage, restaurant or other type of operation. Establishments that operate gasoline stations on behalf of their owners and receive a commission on the sale of fuels are also included. It also comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing heating oil, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and other fuels via direct selling.

458 - Clothing, clothing accessories, shoes, jewelry, luggage and leather goods retailersUS

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing clothing, clothing accessories, shoes, jewelry, luggage and leather goods.

  • Exclusion(s)

    • retailing used clothing and clothing accessories (See 459510 Used merchandise retailers)

459 - Sporting goods, hobby, musical instrument, book, and miscellaneous retailersUS

This subsector comprises establishments engaged in retailing  sporting goods, games and toys, sewing supplies, fabrics, patterns, yarns and other needlework accessories, musical instruments, and books and other reading materials. It is also engaged in retailing a specialized line of merchandise in other types of specialty stores. Florists, office supplies stores, stationery stores, gift, novelty and souvenir stores, used merchandise stores, pet and pet supplies stores, art dealers and manufactured (mobile) home dealers are included.

  • Exclusion(s)

    • retailing new audio and video recordings (See 449214 Audio and video recording retailers)
    • retailing used sporting goods, hobby goods, books, musical instruments, and audio and video recordings (See 459510 Used merchandise retailers)
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