Variant of the National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 Version 1.0 for Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)

53201 - Coaches

Coaches prepare and train individual athletes or teams for competitive events. They are employed by national and provincial sports organizations, professional and amateur sports teams, sports clubs and universities or they may be self-employed. This unit group also includes sports scouts who identify and recruit athletes for professional sports teams. They are employed by professional sports organizations.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • coach
    • figure skating coach
    • football scout
    • gymnastics coach
    • head coach
    • hockey coach
    • hockey scout
    • national team coach
    • soccer coach
    • sports scout
    • swimming coach
    • volleyball coach

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • Athletes (See 53200 Athletes)
    • Athletic therapist (See 31204 Kinesiologists and other professional occupations in therapy and assessment)
    • Program leaders and instructors in recreation, sport and fitness (See 54100 Program leaders and instructors in recreation, sport and fitness)
    • Sports officials and referees (See 53202 Sports officials and referees)
  • Main duties

    This group performs some or all of the following duties:


    • Identify strengths and weaknesses of athletes or teams
    • Plan, develop and implement training and practice sessions
    • Nurture and develop athletes' potential skills and abilities
    • Develop, plan and coordinate competitive schedules and programs
    • Motivate and prepare athletes or teams for competitive events or games
    • Formulate competitive strategies, develop game plans and direct athletes and players during games or athletic events
    • Analyse and evaluate athletes' or teams' performances and modify training programs.

    Sports scouts

    • Identify and recruit developing athletes for professional sports teams
    • Observe and evaluate prospective athletes' skills and performance, and review their past records
    • File reports on scouting assessments and recommendations with professional team employers.
  • Employment requirements


    • Completion of the National Coaching Certificate program is usually required for individual and team sports coaches in all sports.
    • National Coaching Certificate Level 3 is usually required for provincial coaches.
    • National Coaching Certificate Level 4 is usually required for coaches of national team athletes.
    • A degree in physical education may be required.
    • Experience in, and technical knowledge of, the sport is required.

    Sports scouts

    • Experience in, and technical knowledge of, the sport is required.
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