Variant of the National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 Version 1.0 for Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)

51111 - Authors and writers (except technical)

Authors and writers plan, research and write books, scripts, storyboards, plays, essays, speeches and other non-journalistic articles for publication or presentation. They are employed by advertising agencies, governments, large corporations, private consulting firms, publishing firms, multimedia/new-media companies and other establishments, or they may be self-employed.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • advertising copywriter
    • copywriter
    • essayist
    • interactive media writer
    • literary writer
    • novelist
    • playwright
    • poet
    • script writer
    • speech writer
    • writer

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • Editors (See 51110 Editors)
    • Journalists (See 51113 Journalists)
    • Professional occupations in advertising, marketing and public relations (See 11202 Professional occupations in advertising, marketing and public relations)
    • Songwriter (See 51121 Conductors, composers and arrangers)
    • Technical writers (See 51112 Technical writers)
    • Translators, terminologists and interpreters (See 51114 Translators, terminologists and interpreters)
  • Main duties

    This group performs some or all of the following duties:

    Novelists, playwrights, script writers, poets and other creative writers

    • Conceive and write novels, plays, scripts, poetry and other material for publication or presentation
    • May conduct research to establish factual content and to obtain other necessary information.

    Content writers (non-technical)

    • Write e-copy, blog posts, e-books, podcasts and other forms of Web-based content
    • Conduct research on a variety of topics to inform writing and may consult with clients to determine the goals of the writing.


    • Study and determine selling features of products and services and write text for advertisements and commercials.

    Authors and writers may specialize in a particular subject or type of writing.

  • Employment requirements

    • Copywriters usually require a university degree or college diploma in French, English, marketing, advertising or another discipline.
    • Creative writing programs are offered by universities and colleges.
    • Talent and ability, as demonstrated by a portfolio of work, are important hiring criteria.
    • Membership in a guild or union related to the occupation may be required.
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