National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 Version 1.0

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8 - Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations

This broad category comprises middle management occupations in natural resources, agriculture and related production, as well as occupations concerned with supervision and equipment operation in the natural resource-based sectors of mining, oil and gas production, forestry and logging, agriculture, horticulture and fishing. Harvesting, landscaping and natural resources labourers are also included. Most occupations in this category are industry specific and do not occur outside of the primary resources industries.

80 - Middle management occupations in production and agriculture

This major group comprises middle management occupations in production and agriculture. These occupations come with Training, Education, Experience and Responsibility (TEER) identified as TEER 0. The occupations classified under TEER 0, as those included in this group with zero (0) as the second digit of their code, are considered management occupations.

800 - Middle management occupations in production and agriculture

This sub-major group comprises middle management occupations in production and agriculture, including managers in natural resources production and fishing, and managers in agriculture, horticulture and aquaculture.

8002 - Managers in agriculture, horticulture and aquaculture

This minor group comprises managers in agriculture, horticulture and aquaculture. They are employed by farms, ranches and orchards; nurseries and greenhouses; and public and private fish hatcheries and commercial aquatic farms; or they may own and operate their own establishments; or they may be self-employed.

80020 - Managers in agriculture

Managers in agriculture plan, organize, direct, control and evaluate the operations and functions of farms. They are responsible for growing crops, raising and breeding livestock, poultry and other animals, marketing farm products and enhancing farms' sustainability through, notably, the implementation of new technologies. They usually own and operate their own establishment.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • apiarist
    • apple grower
    • chicken farmer
    • dairy farmer
    • domestic animal breeder
    • fruit farmer
    • hog breeder
    • horse breeder
    • maple syrup producer
    • market gardener
    • potato farmer
    • rancher
    • seed grower
    • sod farmer
    • vegetable grower
    • vineyard manager
    • viticulturist
    • wheat farmer

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • Agricultural service contractors and farm supervisors (See 82030 Agricultural service contractors and farm supervisors)
    • Managers in horticulture (See 80021 Managers in horticulture)
  • Main duties

    This group performs some or all of the following duties:

    • Manage the overall operations of a farm, ranch or orchard
    • Determine the amount and kinds of crops to be grown and livestock to be raised
    • Organize and co-ordinate planting, cultivating and crop harvesting activities; raising and breeding of livestock and poultry
    • Hire and manage farm personnel
    • Establish a marketing program
    • Develop and keep financial and production records
    • Purchase farm machinery, livestock, seed, feed and other supplies
    • Maintain farm machinery, equipment and buildings
    • Perform farming duties.
    • May collect data and use digital technology tools and equipment to enhance the sustainability of the farm.

    Managers in agriculture manage farms of various sizes which may specialize in particular crops such as wheat, apples or potatoes or raise particular livestock such as beef cattle, swine or poultry.

  • Employment requirements

    • Extensive farming experience, obtained as a farm supervisor or specialized crop or livestock worker or by working on a farm, is usually required.
    • A university degree or college diploma in agricultural management or other field related to crop or livestock production may be required.
80021 - Managers in horticulture

Managers in horticulture plan, organize, direct and control the activities of nursery and greenhouse staff who grow and market trees, shrubs, flowers and plants.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • Christmas tree farm operator
    • flower grower
    • greenhouse manager
    • greenhouse operator
    • nursery manager
    • nursery operator
    • plant grower - nursery

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • Nursery and greenhouse labourers (See 85103 Nursery and greenhouse labourers)
    • Turf farmer AND sod farmer (See 80020 Managers in agriculture)
  • Main duties

    This group performs some or all of the following duties:

    • Plan, organize, direct and control the operations of nurseries and greenhouses
    • Establish the environmental conditions required to grow trees, shrubs, flowers and plants, and design planting and care schedules accordingly
    • Determine type and quantity of stock to grow
    • Supervise staff in planting, transplanting, feeding and spraying stock
    • Identify and control insect, disease and weed problems
    • Develop marketing plans
    • Provide information to customers on gardening and on the care of trees, shrubs, flowers, plants and lawns
    • Order materials such as fertilizer, garden and lawn care equipment, and other nursery and greenhouse related accessories
    • Hire and manage staff, oversee training and set work schedules
    • Maintain records on stock, finances and personnel.
  • Employment requirements

    • Completion of a college program in horticulture is usually required.
    • Experience as a nursery or greenhouse supervisor is required.
80022 - Managers in aquaculture

Managers in aquaculture manage operations of facilities which cultivate and harvest fish, shellfish or marine plants for replenishment of wildlife stocks or for commercial sale. They are employed by public or private fish hatcheries and commercial aquatic farms, or they may be self-employed.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • aquaculture manager
    • aquaculture operator
    • fish farm operator
    • fish farmer
    • fish hatchery manager
    • fish hatchery operator
    • fish hatchery supervisor
    • mussel grower
    • oyster grower
    • salmon grower
    • shellfish farmer
    • trout farmer

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • Aquaculture support worker (See 85102 Aquaculture and marine harvest labourers)
    • Aquaculture technician (See 22110 Biological technologists and technicians)
  • Main duties

    This group performs some or all of the following duties:

    • Manage the overall operation of a fish hatchery, fish farm or other aquatic farm
    • Identify requirements of the species and select and oversee preparation of site for species cultivation
    • Co-ordinate selection and maintenance of brood stock
    • Determine food requirements and structure feeding regimes
    • Monitor environment and maintain optimum conditions
    • Conduct and supervise stock examination to identify disease or parasites, and apply prescribed medicinal substances to control and prevent infection
    • Operate and maintain cultivating and harvesting equipment
    • Collect and record growth and production data
    • Manage and train aquaculture and fish hatchery support workers and supervise technicians and technologists
    • Maintain financial records and establish market strategies, inventory and quality control methods
    • May scuba dive to inspect sea farm operations
    • May design and construct pens, floating stations and collector strings or fences for sea farms.
  • Employment requirements

    • Completion of secondary school is usually required.
    • A college diploma in aquaculture or a related field
      or
      Several years of experience in fishing or aquaculture operations are usually required.
    • A commercial aquaculture or fish hatchery licence, permit or lease is required for self-employed aquaculture managers.
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