National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 Version 1.0


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6 - Sales and service occupations

This broad category comprises middle management occupations in wholesale and retail trade, and customer services, as well as occupations concerned with wholesale and retail sales, and customer, personal and support service occupations related to a wide range of industries, such as accommodation and food services, travel, tourism and cleaning services.

63 - Occupations in sales and services

This major group comprises occupations in sales and services. These occupations come with Training, Education, Experience and Responsibility (TEER) identified as TEER 3. Occupations classified in TEER 3, as those included in this group with a 3 as the second digit of their code, typically require completion of a post-secondary education program of less than two years at community college, institute of technology or CÉGEP; or completion of an apprenticeship training program of less than two years; or more than six months of on-the-job training, training courses or specific work experience with some secondary school education; or the accumulation of several years of experience in a related occupation found in TEER 4, when applicable (TEER 4 includes occupations with a 4 as a second digit in their code).

632 - Occupations in services

This sub-major group comprises occupations in services, including cooks, butchers and bakers; hairstylists and estheticians; and shoe repairers, shoemakers and upholsterers.

6321 - Hairstylists and estheticians

This minor group comprises hairstylists, barbers, estheticians, electrologists and related occupations. They are employed by hair salons, barber shops, vocational schools and health care establishments; theatre, film and television establishments; or they may be self-employed.

63210 - Hairstylists and barbers

Hairstylists and barbers cut and style hair and perform related services. They are employed in hairstyling or hairdressing salons, barber shops, vocational schools, health care establishments and theatre, film and television establishments. Apprentices are also included in this unit group.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • barber
    • barber apprentice
    • hair colour technician
    • hairdresser
    • hairdresser apprentice
    • hairstylist
    • hairstylist apprentice
    • wig stylist

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • Estheticians, electrologists and related occupations (See 63211 Estheticians, electrologists and related occupations)
    • Hairdressing teacher - community college (See 41210 College and other vocational instructors)
  • Main duties

    This group performs some or all of the following duties:


    • Suggest hairstyle compatible with client's physical features or determine style from client's instructions and preferences
    • Cut, trim, taper, curl, wave, perm and style hair
    • Apply bleach, tints, dyes or rinses to colour, frost or streak hair
    • Analyze hair and scalp condition and provide basic treatment or advice on beauty care treatments for scalp and hair
    • Clean and style wigs and hair pieces
    • Apply hair extensions
    • May shampoo and rinse hair
    • May perform receptionist duties and order supplies
    • May train or supervise other hairstylists, hairstylist apprentices and helpers.


    • Cut and trim hair according to client's instructions or preferences
    • Shave and trim beards and moustaches
    • May shampoo hair and provide other hair treatment, such as waving, straightening and tinting and may also provide scalp conditioning massages
    • May book appointments and order supplies
    • May train and supervise other barbers and barber apprentices.
  • Employment requirements


    • Completion of secondary school education is required.
    • Completion of a one- or two-year hairstyling apprenticeship program or completion of a college or other program in hairstyling combined with on-the-job training is usually required.
    • Several years of experience may replace formal education and training.
    • Employers may require applicants to provide a hairstyling demonstration before being hired.
    • Trade certification for hairstylists is compulsory in Nova Scotia, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta, and available, but voluntary, in Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Quebec, British Columbia, the Yukon, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut.
    • In New Brunswick, licensing by the Cosmetology Association of New Brunswick is mandatory to use the titles "hairstylist" or "hairdresser".
    • Red Seal endorsement is also available to qualified hairstylists upon successful completion of the interprovincial Red Seal examination.


    • Completion of secondary school education is required.
    • Completion of a seven-month to one-year apprenticeship or other barber program is usually required.
    • On-the-job training may be substituted for formal education.
    • Trade certification for barbers is compulsory in Ontario and available, but voluntary, in the Yukon.
    • Red Seal endorsement is also available to barbers, as qualified hairstylists, upon successful completion of the interprovincial Red Seal examination.
  • Additional information

    • The Red Seal endorsement allows for interprovincial mobility.
63211 - Estheticians, electrologists and related occupations

Estheticians, electrologists and workers in related occupations provide facial and body treatments designed to enhance an individual's physical appearance. They are employed in beauty salons, electrolysis studios, scalp treatment and hair replacement clinics and other similar establishments and in cosmetic departments of retail establishments such as pharmacies and department stores, or they may be self-employed.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • beauty treatment operator
    • cosmetician
    • electrologist
    • electrolysis technician
    • esthetician
    • hair replacement technician
    • manicurist
    • pedicurist
    • scalp treatment specialist
    • tattoo artist

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • Hairstylists and barbers (See 63210 Hairstylists and barbers)
    • Image, social and other personal consultants (See 64201 Image, social and other personal consultants)
    • Make-up artist - motion pictures, broadcasting and performing arts (See 52119 Other technical and coordinating occupations in motion pictures, broadcasting and the performing arts)
  • Main duties

    This group performs some or all of the following duties:


    • Give facial and other body treatments using specialized products and techniques.


    • Advise customers on the use of make-up and other beauty products and apply make-up to customers; may specialize in applying make-up to models or other individuals for special occasions.


    • Remove unwanted hair permanently from client's face or body using needle only specialized electrical hair removal equipment, laser and other equipment.

    Manicurists and pedicurists

    • Clean, shape and polish fingernails and toenails and provide related treatments.

    Scalp treatment specialists

    • Apply medicated lotions to treat scalp conditions and hair loss.

    Tattoo artists

    • Clean and sterilise tattoo equipment and work areas; consult with and advise clients with respect to size, color, design and placement of body art; use a demographer to permanently pigment the client's skin with chemical dyes; maintain health and safety procedures; and may apply temporary designs to client's skin.

    Hair replacement technicians (non-medical)

    • Prepare and apply custom-made hair pieces to customer's scalp, weave customer's hair to hair pieces and provide scalp treatments.
  • Employment requirements

    • Completion of high school, college or beauty school programs for cosmeticians, estheticians, electrologists, manicurists and pedicurists is required
      On-the-job training is provided.
    • Electrologists usually require certification from an electrologist's educational or training institution.
    • Membership in a provincial or national electrolysis association may be required.
    • Completion of a registered dermal therapy program may be required to provide electrology laser and vascular treatments.
    • Estheticians usually require certification from an esthetician's educational or training institution.
    • Apprenticeship for electrologists, estheticians and nail technicians is available in Manitoba. Trade certification for these occupations is compulsory in that province.
    • A business licence is required for workers in this group who are owners/operators of businesses offering these services.
    • Practitioners offering these personal services are required to adhere to infection control procedures.
  • Additional information

    • There is little or no mobility among the different occupations in this unit group without additional specialized training.
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