National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 Version 1.0


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5 - Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport

This broad category comprises specialized middle management occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport, as well as professional, technical, support and other occupations concerned with art and culture (including the performing arts, film and video, broadcasting, journalism, writing, creative design, libraries and museums), recreation and sports.

51 - Professional occupations in art and culture

This major group comprises professional occupations in art and culture. These occupations come with Training, Education, Experience and Responsibility (TEER) identified as TEER 1. Occupations classified in TEER 1, as those in this group with a 1 as the second digit of their code, typically require a university degree (bachelor's, master's or doctorate) or the accumulation several years of experience and expertise in the subject matter knowledge in a related occupation found in TEER 2, when applicable (which includes occupations with a 2 as a second digit in their code).

511 - Professional occupations in art and culture

This sub-major group comprises professional occupations in art and culture, including librarians, archivists, conservators and curators; writing, translating and related communications professionals; and creative and performing artists.

5110 - Librarians, archivists, conservators and curators

This minor group comprises librarians, archivists, conservators and curators. They are employed by libraries, museums, art galleries, archives, universities, and private sector organizations; or they may be self-employed.

51100 - Librarians

Librarians select, develop, organize and maintain library collections and provide advisory services for users. They are employed in libraries or other establishments with library services throughout the public and private sectors.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • bibliographer
    • cataloguer - library
    • cybrarian
    • liaison librarian
    • librarian
    • library consultant
    • library supervisor

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • Elementary school librarian (See 52100 Library and public archive technicians)
    • High school librarian (See 52100 Library and public archive technicians)
    • Librarian-teacher - high school (See 41220 Secondary school teachers)
    • Library curator (See 51101 Conservators and curators)
    • Library director (See 50010 Library, archive, museum and art gallery managers)
    • Teacher-librarian - elementary school (See 41221 Elementary school and kindergarten teachers)
  • Main duties

    This group performs some or all of the following duties:

    • Recommend acquisition of books, periodicals and audio-visual, interactive media and other materials for inclusion in library collection
    • Provide reference services
    • Select, classify, catalogue and weed library materials
    • Prepare bibliographies, indexes, reading lists, guides and other finding aids
    • Develop systems to access library collections
    • Perform manual, on-line and interactive media reference searches to assist users in accessing library materials and arrange for interlibrary loans
    • Develop taxonomies using various information and data sources
    • Provide specialized programs for children, seniors and other groups
    • Conduct library information and orientation training programs and tours
    • Perform related administrative duties and supervise library technicians, assistants and clerks.
  • Employment requirements

    • A master's degree in library science or a master's degree in library and information studies
      a master's degree from a program accredited by the American Library Association is required.
  • Additional information

    • Progression to library management positions is possible with experience.
51101 - Conservators and curators

Conservators restore and conserve artifacts belonging to museums, galleries and owners of cultural property. Curators recommend the acquisition of museum artifacts and gallery works of art and research their artistic history. Conservators and curators are employed in museums, art galleries, archives, libraries, government agencies and universities. Conservators may be self-employed.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • art gallery conservator
    • art objects conservator
    • conservator - museum
    • curator
    • historical artifact conservator
    • natural history museum curator

    All examples

  • Inclusion(s)

    • assistant curator
  • Exclusion(s)

    • Curatorial assistant (See 53100 Registrars, restorers, interpreters and other occupations related to museum and art galleries)
    • Museum designer (See 53123 Theatre, fashion, exhibit and other creative designers)
    • Museum educator (See 11202 Professional occupations in advertising, marketing and public relations)
    • Restaurateur - food services (See 60030 Restaurant and food service managers)
  • Main duties

    This group performs some or all of the following duties:


    • Examine artifacts, determine their condition, suggest methods for treating them and recommend preventive conservation techniques to their owners
    • Restore and conserve paintings, photographs, books, papers, sculptures, furniture, pottery or other museum and art gallery artifacts as per particular field of specialization
    • Provide advice on display and storage of museum and gallery artifacts to ensure proper maintenance and preservation
    • Explore new conservation and restoration techniques
    • Provide consultation to museums, art galleries or private individuals
    • Supervise conservation technicians and other museum technicians.


    • Recommend the acquisition of paintings, photographs, sculptures, documents and other museum and art gallery artifacts
    • Conduct research into objects' methods of construction techniques, structure and materials to understand its physical and chemical makeup
    • Develop storylines and themes and organize displays and exhibitions
    • Coordinate the storage of collections and the setting up of displays and exhibitions
    • Oversee the conservation, display and circulation of collections
    • Supervise curatorial assistants and other museum technicians.
  • Employment requirements

    • Conservators require a master's degree in art conservation or completion of a two-year college program in conservation technology and several years of experience in conservation work.
    • Conservators may be accredited by the Canadian Association of Professional Conservators.
    • Curators require a master's or bachelor's degree in museology, art history or a field related to their specific area of work.
  • Additional information

    • Progression to museum or art gallery management positions is possible with experience.
    • Conservators and curators may specialize in a particular type of collection or material, such as furniture, weapons, books, paintings and musical instruments.
51102 - Archivists

Archivists manage, process, store and disseminate information contained in an organization's archives. They acquire, store and research textual material, pictures, maps, architectural documents, electronic materials, films and videos, and sound recordings and multimedia materials. They are employed in archives, in the public and para-public sectors and in private sector organizations.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • archivist
    • historical archivist
    • multimedia archivist

    All examples

  • Inclusion(s)

    • assistant archivist
  • Exclusion(s)

    • Archive assistant (See 52100 Library and public archive technicians)
    • Librarians (See 51100 Librarians)
    • Library, archive, museum and art gallery managers (See 50010 Library, archive, museum and art gallery managers)
    • Medical archivist (See 12111 Health information management occupations)
  • Main duties

    This group performs some or all of the following duties:

    • Develop policies and procedures for managing current and semicurrent archives, in particular corporate cataloguing systems, records scheduling and disposal, and finding aids
    • Design programs for managing, disseminating and storing archives of all types (documents, photographs, maps, audio-visual materials, manuscripts, etc.)
    • Plan the computerized management of archives and the management of electronic archives
    • Appraise and acquire archival materials to build and develop an archival collection for research purposes
    • Authenticate documents and records, and research the origins and significance of archival materials
    • Organize noncurrent archives and develop cataloguing and retrieval systems to allow access to archival materials
    • Assist people with their searches.
  • Employment requirements

    • A bachelor's degree with a minor in archival studies
      A university degree with a certificate in archival studies is required.
    • A master's degree in archival studies, archival studies and information science, library science or history may be required.
  • Additional information

    • Progression to archive management positions is possible with experience.
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