National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 Version 1.3

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2 - Natural and applied sciences and related occupations

This category includes occupations in sciences, engineering, architecture and information technology.

These occupations require post-secondary education in an appropriate scientific or technical discipline. Progression from technical to professional occupations usually requires additional education.

22 - Technical occupations related to natural and applied sciences

This major group comprises technical occupations in natural and applied sciences. It includes technologists and technicians working in the fields of physical science, life science, engineering, architecture, urban planning, land surveying, mathematics, statistics, and actuarial science; and as computer and information systems technicians.

226 - Other technical inspectors and regulatory officers

This minor group includes testers, inspection technicians, inspectors and regulatory officers working in non-destructive testing, transportation inspection, health and safety inspection, and construction inspection. They are employed by quality control, maintenance and safety departments of manufacturing, processing, transportation, energy, and other companies; civil engineering consulting, architectural and construction companies; throughout the private and public sectors ; and by private industrial inspection establishments; or they may be self-employed.

2261 - Non-destructive testers and inspection technicians

Non-destructive testers and inspection technicians operate radiographic, ultrasonic, liquid penetrant, magnetic particle, eddy current and similar testing equipment to detect discontinuities in objects of various compositions and materials. They are employed by quality control, maintenance and safety departments of manufacturing, processing, transportation, energy and other companies and by private industrial inspection establishments.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • acoustic emission technician
    • aircraft non-destructive inspection technician
    • eddy current technician
    • industrial radiographer
    • infrared thermographer
    • liquid penetrant testing technician
    • non-destructive inspector
    • non-destructive testing maintenance (NDT) technician
    • pressure vessel tester
    • radiographic technician - non-destructive testing
    • ultrasonic testing technician
    • visual inspection technician - welding
    • weld tester

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • Engineering inspectors and regulatory officers (See 2262 Engineering inspectors and regulatory officers)
    • Radiographic or ultrasonic equipment operating occupations in medical laboratories or hospitals (See 321 Medical technologists and technicians (except dental health))
  • Main duties

    This group performs some or all of the following duties:

    • Transport set up and calibrate non-destructive testing equipment
    • Conduct tests to ensure quality or detect discontinuities (defects) using ultrasonic, radiographic, liquid penetrant, magnetic particle, eddy current and other non-destructive testing methods
    • Establish techniques for proper examination of objects under inspection, ensuring strict adherence to safety regulations
    • Interpret radiographs, cathode ray tube (CRT) or digital readouts, conductivity meters and visual indicators
    • Apply testing criteria in accordance with applicable specifications or standards and evaluate results
    • Organize and report test results
    • May perform specialized inspections using acoustic emission, vibration analysis, infrared thermography and laser shearography testing methods
    • May instruct and supervise trainees.
  • Employment requirements

    • Completion of secondary school is required.
    • Completion of two years of an approved post-secondary science or engineering program may be required.
    • Additional classroom and on-the-job training is required for certification in non-destructive testing.
    • Non-destructive testing certification by Natural Resources Canada is available in three levels and is usually required by employers.
    • Industrial radiographers using a radioactive isotope must pass an examination to be recognized as a certified exposure device operator by the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission.
    • Welding inspector certification by the Canadian Welding Bureau is available in three levels and may be required by employers.
    • Boiler and pressure vessel, process pipeline and above-ground storage tank inspector certification is available from the American Petroleum Institute.
2262 - Engineering inspectors and regulatory officers

Engineering inspectors and regulatory officers inspect transportation vehicles such as aircraft, watercraft, automobiles and trucks and weighing and measuring devices such as scales and meters as well as industrial instruments, processes and equipment for conformity to government and industry standards and regulations. They are employed by government agencies and in the private sector.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • air carrier maintenance inspector
    • air transport inspector
    • airworthiness inspector
    • electricity and gas meter inspector
    • elevator inspector
    • engineering inspector
    • engineering regulatory officer
    • insurance loss prevention inspector
    • marine damage surveyor
    • motor vehicle defects investigator
    • railway accident investigation officer
    • weights and measures inspector

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • Construction inspectors (See 2264 Construction inspectors)
    • Inspectors in public and environmental health and occupational health and safety (See 2263 Inspectors in public and environmental health and occupational health and safety)
    • Non-destructive testers and inspection technicians (See 2261 Non-destructive testers and inspection technicians)
    • Regulatory and compliance officers (See 1122 Professional occupations in business management consulting)
  • Main duties

    This group performs some or all of the following duties:

    Motor vehicles defects investigators

    • Conduct motor vehicle and motor vehicle component defect investigations, examinations, tests and defect-related accident investigations
    • Provide expert advice and testimony on specific motor vehicle performance problems or defects
    • Recommend improvements in vehicle inspection and licensing procedures and vehicle safety standards.

    Railway accident investigation officers

    • Collect and analyze data from train derailments, collisions, and other accidents to determine the causes
    • Inspect and evaluate railway property, structures, rolling stock, signals, track structure and train handling characteristics to ensure compliance to operating standards.

    Airworthiness inspectors

    • Conduct initial and regular inspections of establishments and individuals holding or applying for air carrier operating certificates and establishments engaged in aircraft maintenance, repair or modification
    • Inspect aircraft, advise of any deficiencies and detain aircraft suspected of being unairworthy or unsafe.

    Inspectors, weights and measures

    • Conduct inspections and tests of a variety of mechanical and electronic weighing and measuring devices and systems
    • Prepare draft investigative reports of findings
    • Recommend corrective or enforcement action.

    Oil and gas drilling rig inspectors

    • Conduct onshore and offshore inspections of drilling and well servicing equipment and processes to ensure compliance with regulations and policies and to recommend improvements and corrective action.
  • Employment requirements

    • University degree or college diploma in an appropriate engineering field
      or
      Trade qualifications and extensive related work experience are required.
    • Appropriate professional engineering or engineering technology certification and licences may be required.
2263 - Inspectors in public and environmental health and occupational health and safety

Inspectors in public and environmental health and occupational health and safety evaluate and monitor health and safety hazards and develop strategies to control risks. They inspect restaurants, industrial establishments, municipal water systems, public facilities, institutions and other workplaces to ensure compliance with government regulations regarding sanitation, pollution control, the handling and storage of hazardous substances and workplace safety. They are employed throughout the public and private sectors.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • environmental health officer
    • hazardous waste inspector
    • health and safety officer
    • health standards inspector
    • occupational health and safety officer
    • pollution control inspector
    • public health inspector
    • public health inspectors supervisor
    • restaurant inspector
    • rodent control inspector
    • water inspector

    All examples

  • Inclusion(s)

    • safety supervisor - occupational health and safety
  • Exclusion(s)

    • By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers, n.e.c. (See 4423 By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers, n.e.c.)
    • Construction inspectors (See 2264 Construction inspectors)
    • Engineering inspectors and regulatory officers (See 2262 Engineering inspectors and regulatory officers)
    • Occupational hygienists and ergonomists (See 4161 Natural and applied science policy researchers, consultants and program officers)
  • Main duties

    This group performs some or all of the following duties:

    • Inspect the sanitary conditions of restaurants, hotels, schools, hospitals and other public facilities or institutions
    • Conduct surveys and monitoring programs of the natural environment to identify sources of pollution
    • Collect biological and chemical samples and specimens for analysis; measure physical, biological and chemical workplace hazards; and conduct safety and environmental audits
    • Investigate health and safety related complaints, spills of hazardous chemicals, outbreaks of diseases or poisonings and workplace accidents
    • Inspect workplaces to ensure that equipment, materials and production processes do not present a safety or health hazard to employees or to the general public
    • Develop, implement and evaluate health and safety programs and strategies
    • Initiate enforcement procedures to fine or to close an establishment contravening municipal, provincial or federal regulations
    • Provide consultation and deliver training programs to employers, employees and the general public on issues of public health, environmental protection or workplace safety.
  • Employment requirements

    • A bachelor's degree or college diploma in a discipline such as food science, environmental studies, chemistry or health and safety is usually required.
    • In some establishments, several years of related work experience and the completion of in-house training courses may substitute for formal education.
    • Public health inspectors employed outside Quebec require certification with the Canadian Institute of Public Health Inspectors.
    • Occupational health and safety officers may require certification with the Board of Canadian Registered Safety Professionals (BCRSP).
2264 - Construction inspectors

Construction inspectors inspect the construction and maintenance of new and existing buildings, bridges, highways and industrial construction to ensure that specifications and building codes are observed and monitor work site safety. They are employed by federal, provincial and municipal governments, construction companies, architectural and civil engineering consulting firms or they may be self-employed.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • bridge inspector
    • building construction inspector
    • construction inspector
    • highway construction inspector
    • home inspector
    • housing construction inspector
    • mine construction inspector
    • plumbing inspector
    • pre-stressed concrete inspector
    • safety officer - construction

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers, n.e.c. (See 4423 By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers, n.e.c.)
    • Construction estimators (See 2234 Construction estimators)
    • Construction managers (See 0711 Construction managers)
    • Engineering inspectors and regulatory officers (See 2262 Engineering inspectors and regulatory officers)
    • Inspectors in public and environmental health and occupational health and safety (See 2263 Inspectors in public and environmental health and occupational health and safety)
  • Main duties

    This group performs some or all of the following duties:

    • Examine plans, drawings, and site layouts for new buildings, building renovations and other proposed structures
    • Inspect construction of buildings, bridges, dams, highways and other types of building and engineering construction for conformance to drawings, specifications, building codes or other applicable ordinances
    • Inspect and test electrical or plumbing installations in buildings to ensure compliance with municipal, provincial and federal regulations
    • Inspect steel framework, concrete forms, reinforcing steel mesh and rods, concrete or pre-stressed concrete to ensure quality standards and to verify conformance to specifications and building codes
    • Inspect construction of sewer systems and pipelines
    • Inspect construction sites to ensure that safe working conditions are maintained
    • Inspect existing buildings to identify and report on structural defects, fire hazards and other threats to safety
    • Inspect new or resale homes on behalf of clients and assess and provide reports on the physical condition of property
    • Plan, design, develop, implement, and evaluate workplace activities to ensure that workers comply with company policies and government safety regulations.
  • Employment requirements

    • Completion of secondary school is required.
    • A college diploma in construction, civil engineering or architectural technology plus several years of related work experience
      or
      Several years of experience as a qualified tradesperson in a construction trade, such as plumbing, carpentry or electrical trade are required.
    • Provincial certification in a skilled trade or as an engineering technologist is usually required.
    • Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification is offered by the Canada Green Building Council and may be required by some employers.
    • Certification as a Construction Safety Officer (CSO) by provincially chartered associations may be required in provinces having such associations.
    • Home inspectors require a licence to practice in Ontario, Alberta and British Columbia.
  • Additional information

    • Progression to construction management positions is possible with experience.
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