National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011


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5123 - Journalists

Journalists research, investigate, interpret and communicate news and public affairs through newspapers, television, radio and other media. Journalists are employed by radio and television networks and stations, newspapers and magazines. Journalists may also work on a freelance basis.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • book reviewer
    • broadcast journalist
    • columnist
    • correspondent
    • cyberjournalist
    • investigative reporter
    • journalist
    • network reporter
    • news commentator
    • newspaper critic
    • reporter

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • Announcers and other broadcasters (5231)
    • Authors and writers (5121)
    • Editors (5122)
    • Photojournalists (See 5221 Photographers)
  • Main duties

    Journalists perform some or all of the following duties:

    • Collect local, national and international news through interviews, investigation and observation
    • Write news stories for publication and broadcast
    • Receive, analyze and verify news and other copy for accuracy
    • Arrange for and conduct interviews as part of research and for radio and television programs
    • Research and report on developments in specialized fields such as medicine, science and technology
    • Prepare regular feature columns and stories on specialized topics
    • Write editorials and commentaries on topics of current interest to stimulate public interest and express the views of a publication or broadcasting station
    • Write critical reviews of literary, musical and other artistic works based on knowledge, judgement and experience.

    Journalists may specialize in print, broadcast or Webcast media, in particular issues such as political affairs or entertainment news, or in a particular geographic area.

  • Employment requirements

    • A university degree or college diploma in journalism or a related field such as communications is usually required.
  • Additional information

    • Experienced reporters may advance to editorial positions (print media) or become producers (broadcast media).
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