National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011


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5 - Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport

51 - Professional occupations in art and culture

511 - Librarians, archivists, conservators and curators

5111 - Librarians

Librarians select, develop, organize and maintain library collections and provide advisory services for users. They are employed in libraries or in a department within a library.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • bibliographer
    • cataloguer - library
    • cybrarian
    • liaison librarian
    • librarian
    • library consultant
    • library supervisor

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • Library and public archive technicians (5211)
    • Library curators (See 5112 Conservators and curators)
    • Library directors and managers (See 0511 Library, archive, museum and art gallery managers)
    • School librarians (See 5211 Library and public archive technicians)
    • Teacher-librarian, elementary school (See 4032 Elementary school and kindergarten teachers)
    • Teacher-librarian, high school (See 4031 Secondary school teachers)
  • Main duties

    Librarians perform some or all of the following duties:

    • Recommend acquisition of books, periodicals and audio-visual, interactive media and other materials for inclusion in library collection
    • Provide reference services
    • Select, classify, catalogue and weed library materials
    • Prepare bibliographies, indexes, reading lists, guides and other finding aids
    • Develop systems to access library collections
    • Perform manual, on-line and interactive media reference searches to assist users in accessing library materials and arrange for interlibrary loans
    • Develop taxonomies using various information and data sources
    • Provide specialized programs for children, seniors and other groups
    • Conduct library information and orientation training programs and tours
    • Perform related administrative duties and supervise library technicians, assistants and clerks.
  • Employment requirements

    • A master's degree in library science is required.
  • Additional information

    • Progression to library management positions is possible with experience.
5112 - Conservators and curators

Conservators restore and conserve artifacts belonging to museums, galleries and owners of cultural property. Curators recommend the acquisition of museum artifacts and gallery works of art and research their artistic history. Conservators and curators are employed in museums, art galleries and universities. Conservators may be self-employed.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • art gallery conservator
    • assistant curator
    • conservator - art objects
    • conservator - museum
    • curator
    • historical artifact conservator
    • natural history museum curator

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • Curatorial assistants (See 5212 Technical occupations related to museums and art galleries)
    • Museum designers (See 5243 Theatre, fashion, exhibit and other creative designers)
    • Museum educators (See 1123 Professional occupations in advertising, marketing and public relations)
    • Restaurateurs in food services (See 0631 Restaurant and food service managers)
  • Main duties

    Conservators perform some or all of the following duties:

    • Examine artifacts, determine their condition, suggest methods for treating them and recommend preventive conservation techniques to their owners
    • Restore and conserve paintings, photographs, sculptures, furniture, pottery and other museum and art gallery artifacts
    • Provide advice on display and storage of museum and gallery artifacts to ensure proper maintenance and preservation
    • Research new conservation and restoration techniques
    • Provide consultation to museums, art galleries or private individuals
    • Supervise conservation technicians and other museum technicians.

    Curators perform some or all of the following duties:

    • Recommend the acquisition of paintings, photographs, sculptures, documents and other museum and art gallery artifacts
    • Research origins and artistic history of artifacts
    • Develop storylines and themes and organize displays and exhibitions
    • Co-ordinate the storage of collections and the setting up of displays and exhibitions
    • Oversee the conservation, display and circulation of collections
    • Supervise curatorial assistants and other museum technicians.

    Conservators and curators may specialize in a particular type of collection or material, such as furniture, weapons, books, paintings and musical instruments.

  • Employment requirements

    • Conservators require a master's degree in art conservation
      Completion of a three-year college program in conservation technology and several years of experience in conservation work.
    • Curators require a master's or bachelor's degree in museology, art history or a field related to their specific area of work.
  • Additional information

    • Progression to museum or art gallery management positions is possible with experience.
5113 - Archivists

Archivists manage, process, store and disseminate information contained in an organization's archives. They acquire, store and research textual material, pictures, maps, architectural documents, electronic materials, films and videos, and sound recordings and multimedia materials. Archivists are employed in archives, in the public and para-public sectors and in private sector organizations.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • archivist
    • historical archivist
    • multimedia archivist

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • Archive assistants (See 5211 Library and public archive technicians)
    • Librarians (5111)
    • Library, archive, museum and art gallery managers (0511)
  • Main duties

    Archivists perform some or all of the following duties:

    • Develop policies and procedures for managing current and semicurrent archives, in particular corporate cataloguing systems, records scheduling and disposal, and finding aids
    • Design programs for managing, disseminating and storing archives of all types (documents, photographs, maps, audio-visual materials, manuscripts, etc.)
    • Plan the computerized management of archives and the management of electronic archives
    • Appraise and acquire archival materials to build and develop an archival collection for research purposes
    • Authenticate documents and records, and research the origins and significance of archival materials
    • Organize noncurrent archives and develop cataloguing and retrieval systems to allow access to archival materials
    • Assist people with their searches.
  • Employment requirements

    • A bachelor's degree with a minor in archival studies
      A university degree with a certificate in archival studies is required.
    • A master's degree in archival studies, archival studies and information science, library science or history may be required.
  • Additional information

    • Progression to archive management positions is possible with experience.
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