North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Canada 2012

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54 - Professional, scientific and technical services

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in activities in which human capital is the major input. These establishments make available the knowledge and skills of their employees, often on an assignment basis. The individual industries of this sector are defined on the basis of the particular expertise and training of the service provider.

The main components of this sector are legal services; accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping and payroll services; architectural, engineering and related services; specialized design services; computer systems design and related services; management, scientific and technical consulting services; scientific research and development services; and advertising, public relations, and related services.

The distinguishing feature of this sector is the fact that most of the industries grouped in it have production processes that are almost wholly dependent on worker skills. In most of these industries, equipment and materials are not of major importance. Thus, the establishments classified in this sector sell expertise. Much of the expertise requires a university or college education, though not in every case.

Establishments primarily engaged in providing instruction and training in a wide variety of subjects and those primarily engaged in providing health care by diagnosis and treatment are not included in this sector.

541 - Professional, scientific and technical services

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in activities in which human capital is the major input. These establishments make available the knowledge and skills of their employees, often on an assignment basis. The individual industries of this subsector are defined on the basis of the particular expertise and training of the service provider.

The main components of this subsector are legal services; accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping and payroll services; architectural, engineering and related services; specialized design services; computer systems design and related services; management, scientific and technical consulting services; scientific research and development services; and advertising, public relations, and related services.

The distinguishing feature of this subsector is the fact that most of the industries grouped in it have production processes that are almost wholly dependent on worker skills. In most of these industries, equipment and materials are not of major importance. Thus, the establishments classified in this subsector sell expertise. Much of the expertise requires a university or college education, though not in every case.

Establishments primarily engaged in providing instruction and training in a wide variety of subjects and those primarily engaged in providing health care by diagnosis and treatment are not included in this subsector.

5414 - Specialized design services

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing specialized design services, except architectural, engineering and computer systems design.

54149 - Other specialized design services

This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing professional design services.

541490 - Other specialized design services

This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in providing professional design services.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • clothing design services
    • fashion design services
    • floats, design services
    • set design, theatrical (except independent)
    • shoe design services
    • textile design services

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • providing architectural design services (See 541310 Architectural services)
    • providing landscape architectural design services (See 541320 Landscape architectural services)
    • providing engineering design services (See 541330 Engineering services)
    • providing interior design services (See 541410 Interior design services)
    • providing industrial design services (See 541420 Industrial design services)
    • providing graphic design services (See 541430 Graphic design services)
    • providing computer systems design services (See 541514 Computer systems design and related services (except video game design and development))
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