North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Canada 2012

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11 - Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing crops, raising animals, harvesting timber, harvesting fish and other animals from their natural habitats and providing related support activities.

Establishments primarily engaged in agricultural research or that supply veterinary services are not included in this sector.

113 - Forestry and logging

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing and harvesting timber on a long production cycle (of ten years or more). Long production cycles use different production processes than short production cycles, which require more horticultural interventions prior to harvest, resulting in processes more similar to those found in the Crop production subsector. Consequently, Christmas tree production and other production involving production cycles of less than ten years, are classified to the Crop production subsector.

Industries in this subsector specialize in different stages of the production cycle. Reforestation requires production of seedlings in specialized nurseries. Timber production requires natural forests or suitable areas of land that are available for a long duration. The maturation time for timber depends upon the species of tree, the climatic conditions of the region, and the intended purpose of the timber. The harvesting of timber, except when done on an extremely small scale, requires specialized machinery unique to the industry. The gathering of forest products, such as gums, barks, balsam needles and Spanish moss, are also included in this subsector.

1133 - Logging

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in cutting timber, producing rough, round, hewn, or riven primary wood, and producing wood chips in the forest. Establishments primarily engaged in cutting and transporting timber are also included in this industry.

11331 - Logging

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cutting timber, producing rough, round, hewn, or riven primary wood, and producing wood chips in the forest. Establishments primarily engaged in cutting and transporting timber are also included in this industry.

  • Exclusion(s)

    • local timber trucking (See 484223 Forest products trucking, local)
    • long distance timber trucking (See 484233 Forest products trucking, long distance)
113311 - Logging (except contract)CAN

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cutting timber, producing rough, round, hewn, or riven primary wood, and producing wood chips in the forest, on an own-account basis. Establishments primarily engaged in cutting and transporting timber are also included.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • bolts, wood (e.g., handle, heading, shingle, stave), cutting
    • booming, bunching, rafting, driving logs
    • chipping logs (in the forest)
    • Christmas tree cutting
    • fuelwood cutting
    • log barking, rossing and peeling on contract
    • log cutting (forest trees)
    • log grading, scaling, sorting
    • poles and pilings, wooden, untreated, cutting
    • rails, fence, round or split, cutting
    • wood chips produced in the forest

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • trucking timber, local (See 484223 Forest products trucking, local)
    • trucking timber, long distance (See 484233 Forest products trucking, long distance)
113312 - Contract loggingCAN

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cutting timber, producing rough, round, hewn, or riven primary wood, and producing wood chips in the forest, on a fee or contract basis. Establishments primarily engaged in cutting and transporting timber are also included.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • beachcombers (lost log recovery)
    • contract logging
    • custom logging, contractor
    • log booming, bucking, salvaging, skidding and yarding on contract
    • log hauling in the forest with logging
    • logging contractor (felling, cutting, bucking)
    • logs contract stump to truck
    • lumber jack contractor, log, tree felling
    • pulpwood and timber cutting on contract
    • timber cutting and yarding on contract
  • Exclusion(s)

    • trucking timber, local (See 484223 Forest products trucking, local)
    • trucking timber, long distance (See 484233 Forest products trucking, long distance)
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