North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Canada 2017 Version 3.0

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11 - Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing crops, raising animals, harvesting timber, harvesting fish and other animals from their natural habitats and providing related support activities.

Establishments primarily engaged in agricultural research or that supply veterinary services are not included in this sector.

111 - Crop production

This subsector comprises establishments, such as farms, orchards, groves, greenhouses and nurseries, primarily engaged in growing crops, plants, vines, trees and their seeds (excluding those engaged in forestry operations). Industries have been created taking into account input factors, such as suitable land, climatic conditions, type of equipment, and the amount and type of labour required. The production process is typically completed when the raw product or commodity grown reaches the farm gate for market, that is, at the point of first sale or price determination. Establishments in these industries may use traditional crop production methods, employ modified or improved crop inputs, or engage in organic crop production.

An establishment is classified within this subsector provided that fifty percent or more of the establishment's agricultural production consists of crops. Establishments with fifty percent or more crop production and with no one product or family of products accounting for fifty percent of the production are treated as combination crop farms and classified to 11199 All other crop farming, except if fifty percent or more of the production is a combination of oilseeds and grains, in which case they are classified to 11119 Other grain farming.

1114 - Greenhouse, nursery and floriculture production

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing crops of any kind under cover, growing nursery crops and growing flowers. Under cover includes in greenhouses, cold frames, cloth houses, and lath houses. The crops grown are removed at various stages of maturity.

11142 - Nursery and floriculture production

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing, under cover or in open fields, nursery and floriculture products, such as nursery stock, shrubbery, cut flowers, flower seeds, potted flowering and foliage plants, flower bedding plants, ornamental plants, or some combination of these, and propagating materials, for example, plugs, cuttings, and tissue cultures. The growing of short rotation woody crops, such as cut Christmas trees and cottonwoods for pulpwood, that have a typical growth cycle of less than ten years or less, is also included in this industry.

  • Exclusion(s)

    • growing seedling trees for reforestation (See 113210 Forest nurseries and gathering of forest products)
    • growing vegetable and melon bedding plants (See 111219 Other vegetable (except potato) and melon farming)
    • operating timber tracts that have a growth cycle of ten years or more (See 113110 Timber tract operations)
    • retailing nursery, tree stock and floriculture products primarily purchased from others (See 444220 Nursery stores and garden centres)
111421 - Nursery and tree productionUS

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing, under cover or in open fields, nursery products and trees, and short rotation woody crops, for pulp and tree stock, that have a typical growth cycle of less than ten years.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • Christmas tree growing
    • field nurseries (e.g., growing ornamental plants, shrubs and trees)
    • nursery stock growing
    • ornamental plants, shrubs and trees, nursery grown
    • tree nursery
    • turf (sod) farming

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • forestry for nursery and tree production (See 113110 Timber tract operations)
    • operation of timber tracts that have a growth cycle of ten years or more (See 113110 Timber tract operations)
    • retailing nursery, tree stock and floriculture products primarily purchased from others (See 444220 Nursery stores and garden centres)
111422 - Floriculture productionUS

This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing, under cover or in open fields, floriculture products and propagating materials.

  • Illustrative example(s)

    • flower nursery
    • flower seed production
    • flower, plant and bulb growing, greenhouse

    All examples

  • Exclusion(s)

    • retailing floriculture products primarily purchased from others (See 444220 Nursery stores and garden centres)
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