Households and the Environment Survey, 2015 (HES)

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Table of Contents

Dwelling Characteristics (DC)

Dwelling Characteristics (DC) - Question identifier:DC_R01

The first set of questions is about the dwelling in which you currently reside.

Press <1> to continue.

Dwelling Characteristics (DC) - Question identifier:DC_Q01A

In what year was this dwelling originally built?

Min = 1800; Max = 2015

Provide best estimate.

Dwelling Characteristics (DC) - Question identifier:DC_Q01B

Was it built...?

Read categories to respondent.

  • 01: Before 1946
  • 02: Between 1946 and 1960
  • 03: Between 1961 and 1977
  • 04: Between 1978 and 1983
  • 05: Between 1984 and 1995
  • 06: Between 1996 and 2000
  • 07: Between 2001 and 2009
  • 08: In 2010 or later
  • 98: RF
  • 99: DK

Dwelling Characteristics (DC) - Question identifier:DC_Q02

[Are you the owner of this dwelling/Is the dwelling owned by a member of this household]?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Dwelling Characteristics (DC) - Question identifier:DC_Q03

Is the dwelling part of a condominium?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Dwelling Characteristics (DC) - Question identifier:DC_Q04

Is [the condominium corporation/the landlord or property manager] responsible for paying any of the energy bills for the dwelling?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Dwelling Characteristics (DC) - Question identifier:DC_Q05

How long [have you/has your household] lived in this dwelling?

Min = 1; Max = 95

Provide best estimate in months or years. Probe for the length of time that at least one household member has lived in the current dwelling.

Dwelling Characteristics (DC) - Question identifier:DC_N05

Ask if necessary: (Is this in months or years?)

  • 1: Months
  • 2: Years

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH)

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH) - Question identifier:EH_R01

The next questions are about the use of energy in your dwelling.

Press <1> to continue.

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH) - Question identifier:EH_Q01

What is your dwelling's main type of heating equipment? Is it...?

Read categories to respondent.

  • 1: A forced air furnace (hot air vents)
  • 2: Electric baseboards
  • 3: A heating stove
  • 4: A boiler with hot water or steam radiators
  • 5: Electric radiant heating
  • 6: A heat pump
  • 7: Other - Specify
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH) - Question identifier:EH_Q02

What source of energy does your [forced air furnace/heating stove/boiler with hot water or steam radiators/^EH_S01] use?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Electricity
  • 2: Natural gas
  • 3: Heating oil
  • 4: Wood (excluding wood pellets)
  • 5: Wood pellets
  • 6: Propane
  • 7: Other - Specify
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH) - Question identifier:EH_Q03

[Do you/Does your household] use any alternative energy sources in your dwelling (besides electricity, natural gas, heating oil, propane, wood or wood pellets)?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH) - Question identifier:EH_Q04

Which one(s)?

Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Geothermal
  • 2: Solar panels used to heat water
  • 3: Solar panels used to generate electricity (photovoltaic)
  • 4: Wind power
  • 5: Biofuels (e.g., biodiesel)
  • 6: Other - Specify
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH) - Question identifier:EH_Q05

Does your dwelling have an air conditioner?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH) - Question identifier:EH_Q06

Is it...?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: A central air system
  • 2: A stand-alone unit in a window or elsewhere
  • 3: Other - Specify
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH) - Question identifier:EH_Q07

Do you have a thermostat?

If necessary, ask: (Can you control or regulate the temperature in your dwelling?)

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH) - Question identifier:EH_Q08

Does your dwelling have more than one thermostat?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH) - Question identifier:EH_Q09

[Is it/Is your main thermostat] programmable? That is, it can be set to automatically change the temperature according to the time of day.

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH) - Question identifier:EH_Q10

Is it programmed?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH) - Question identifier:EH_Q11

During the winter season, at what temperature is the dwelling usually kept:

...when you are there and awake?

Min = 0; Max = 94

Only enter the degree. If respondent has replied 'turn it off', please enter a value of zero. If respondent provides half degrees, please round up to the nearest degree.

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH) - Question identifier:EH_Q12

(During the winter season, at what temperature is the dwelling usually kept:)

... when you are asleep?

Min = 0; Max = 94

Only enter the degree. If respondent has replied 'turn it off', please enter a value of zero. If respondent provides half degrees, please round up to the nearest degree.

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH) - Question identifier:EH_Q12A

Is it...?

Read categories to respondent. Determine if the night time temperature was higher, lower or the same as when they are there and awake.

  • 1: Higher
  • 2: Lower
  • 3: Same
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH) - Question identifier:EH_Q13

When using your air conditioner during the summer season, at what temperature is the dwelling usually kept:

... when you are there and awake?

Min = 0; Max = 94

Only enter the degree. If respondent has replied 'turn it off', please enter a value of zero. If respondent provides half degrees, please round up to the nearest degree.

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH) - Question identifier:EH_Q14

(When using your air conditioner during the summer season, at what temperature is the dwelling usually kept:)

... when you are asleep?

Min = 0; Max = 94

Only enter the degree. If respondent has replied 'turn it off', please enter a value of zero. If respondent provides half degrees, please round up to the nearest degree.

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH) - Question identifier:EH_Q14A

Is it...?

Read categories to respondent. Determine if the night time temperature was higher, lower or the same as when they are there and awake.

  • 1: Higher
  • 2: Lower
  • 3: Same
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH) - Question identifier:EH_Q15

(When using your air conditioner during the summer season, at what temperature is the dwelling usually kept:)

... when you are not at home?

Min = 0; Max = 94

Only enter the degree. If respondent has replied 'turn it off', please enter a value of zero. If respondent provides half degrees, please round up to the nearest degree.

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH) - Question identifier:EH_Q16

Do you have any of the following types of energy saving lights?

Mark all that apply. Read categories to respondent.

  • 1: Compact fluorescent lights (for example corkscrew or spiral)
  • 2: Fluorescent tubes
  • 3: Halogen lights
  • 4: LED holiday lights
  • 5: Other types of LED lights
  • 6: None of the above - Household does not have any energy saving lights
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH) - Question identifier:EH_Q18

Has an energy audit ever been conducted for your dwelling?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH) - Question identifier:EH_Q19

Was it conducted in the last 10 years?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH) - Question identifier:EH_Q20

Were any changes made to the dwelling as a result of the audit?

For example, replacing windows, upgrading insulation, replacing/upgrading furnace, installing programmable thermostats.

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Energy Use and Home Heating (EH) - Question identifier:EH_Q21

Was a government grant received as part of a home energy retrofit program?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA)

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_R01

The next set of questions is about the use of water in your dwelling.

Press <1> to continue.

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q01

What is your dwelling's main source of water? Is it...?

Read categories to respondent.

  • 1: Water supplied by your city, town or municipality
  • 2: Water from a private well
  • 3: Water from a surface source such as a spring, lake, river, or dugout
  • 4: Other - Specify
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q02

During the past 12 months, what type of water did [you/your household] primarily use for drinking at home? Was it...?

Read categories to respondent.

  • 1: Tap water
  • 2: Bottled water including purchased water in a water cooler, tank or other dispenser
  • 3: Both
  • 4: Other - Specify
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q03

(During the past 12 months,) did [you/your household] occasionally use [bottled water/tap water/tap or bottled water] for drinking at home?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q04

During the past 12 months, did you do any of the following to the main water source? Did you...?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Use a filter or purifier on the main water supply pipe
  • 2: Use a filter or purifier on the taps, including built-in water dispensers in your refrigerator
  • 3: Use a jug filter (for example a Brita system)
  • 4: Boil water (in order to make it safe for drinking)
  • 5: Do nothing
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q04A

In the past 12 months, were you informed of a boil water advisory?

Include only boil water advisories at the primary residence.

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q04AA

In the past 12 months, how many times were you informed of a boil water advisory?

Min = 1; Max = 100

Include only boil water advisories at the primary residence.

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q04B

What did you do? Did you...?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Boil your water
  • 2: Use bottled water instead of tap water
  • 3: Filter your water before drinking it
  • 4: Treat your water with chlorine or water purification tablets
  • 5: Other - Specify
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q05

What type of filter or purifier was used on the main water supply pipe? Was it...?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: An activated charcoal or carbon filter
  • 2: A ceramic filter
  • 3: A reverse osmosis system
  • 4: An ultraviolet light system
  • 5: A distilled water system
  • 6: Other - Specify
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q07

[Other than due to a boil water advisory, why/Why] did you treat the main water source? Was it...?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 01: To improve the appearance, taste or odour
  • 02: To remove water treatment chemicals such as chlorine
  • 03: To soften the water
  • 04: To remove metals or minerals other than for hard water problems
  • 05: To remove possible bacterial contamination
  • 06: Only treated because of the boil water advisory
  • 07: The treatment device was already installed/pre-existing
  • 08: Other - Specify
  • 98: RF
  • 99: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q08

In the past 12 months, did you have your water tested by a laboratory?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q09

Were any problems found?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q10

Is your dwelling connected to...?

Read categories to respondent.

  • 1: The sewer system of your city, town or
    municipality
  • 2: A private septic system, including holding tanks
  • 3: A communal septic system
  • 4: Other
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q10A

When was the last time your septic tank or system was pumped, maintained or inspected? Was it...?

Read categories to respondent.

  • 1: within the last year
  • 2: 1 year to less than 3 years ago
  • 3: 3 years to less than 5 years ago
  • 4: 5 or more years ago
  • 5: Never
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q10B

Were there any problems found the last time your septic system was pumped, maintained or inspected?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q11

Do you have:

... a meter to measure your water use?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q12

(Do you have:)

... a water saving, low flow showerhead?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q13

(Do you have:)

... a low volume toilet or a toilet tank with the water volume modified for example with a bottle or a brick?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q14

Do you have a lawn or an area with grass?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q15

Last summer, did [you/anyone in your household] water your lawn? Please include automatic sprinkler and irrigation systems.

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 3: Not applicable (no lawn last summer)
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q19

How was your lawn usually watered? Was it...?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: By hand using a watering can or a hose (include soaker hoses)
  • 2: With a stand-alone sprinkler (excluding a sprinkler system)
  • 3: With a sprinkler system
  • 4: Other
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q20A

Was the stand-alone sprinkler connected to a timer?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q20B

Was the sprinkler system connected to a timer?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q20C

How old is the sprinkler system?

Min = 0; Max = 95

Provide best estimate in years. For systems installed within the last 12 months, enter 0.

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q21

Do you have a garden or areas with trees, shrubs, flowers or vegetables outside?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q22

Last summer, did [you/anyone in your household] water these areas?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 3: Not applicable (no garden last summer)
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q24

How were these areas usually watered? Was it...?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: By hand using a watering can or a hose (include soaker hoses)
  • 2: With a sprinkler or sprinkler system
  • 3: Other
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q25

Was the sprinkler or sprinkler system connected to a timer?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Water (WA) - Question identifier:WA_Q26

Do you have a barrel or cistern to collect rain water?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Fertilizer and Pesticide Use (FP)

Fertilizer and Pesticide Use (FP) - Question identifier:FP_R01

The following questions are about fertilizer and pesticide use.

Press <1> to continue.

Fertilizer and Pesticide Use (FP) - Question identifier:FP_Q01

In the past 12 months, were any chemical fertilizers applied to your [lawn/garden/lawn or garden]?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Fertilizer and Pesticide Use (FP) - Question identifier:FP_Q02

(In the past 12 months,) were any organic or natural fertilizers applied to your [lawn/garden/lawn or garden]?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Fertilizer and Pesticide Use (FP) - Question identifier:FP_Q03

Who applied the fertilizers (to your [lawn/garden/lawn or garden] in the past 12 months)? Was it...?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Someone in your household
  • 2: A lawn care or maintenance company
  • 3: Someone else (for example neighbour, family, friend)
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Fertilizer and Pesticide Use (FP) - Question identifier:FP_Q04

In the past 12 months, were any chemical pesticides such as weed killers (herbicides), bug killers (insecticides), or fungicides applied to your [lawn/garden/lawn or garden]?

Include fertilizer and herbicide mixes such as 'Weed and Feed'.

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Fertilizer and Pesticide Use (FP) - Question identifier:FP_Q05

What types of chemical pesticides were applied (to your [lawn/garden/lawn or garden])? Was it...?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Weed killer (Herbicide)
  • 2: Bug killer (Insecticide)
  • 3: Fungicide
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Fertilizer and Pesticide Use (FP) - Question identifier:FP_Q06

(In the past 12 months,) were any organic or natural pesticides applied (to your [lawn/garden/lawn or garden])?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Fertilizer and Pesticide Use (FP) - Question identifier:FP_Q07

Were the pesticide products applied to your [lawn/garden/lawn or garden]...?

Mark all that apply.

  • 1: As part of a regular maintenance schedule (include seasonal application)
  • 2: When a specific problem arose
  • 3: Other
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Fertilizer and Pesticide Use (FP) - Question identifier:FP_Q08

Who applied the pesticides to your [lawn/garden/lawn or garden] in the past 12 months? Was it...?

Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Someone in your household
  • 2: A lawn care or maintenance company
  • 3: Someone else (for example neighbour, family, friend)
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Recreational vehicles/Outdoor equipment (GP)

Recreational vehicles/Outdoor equipment (GP) - Question identifier:GP_R01

The next question is about recreational vehicles.

Press <1> to continue.

Recreational vehicles/Outdoor equipment (GP) - Question identifier:GP_Q01

[Have you/Has anyone in your household] owned any of the following recreational vehicles in the last 12 months?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: All-terrain vehicle (ATV)
  • 2: Snowmobile
  • 3: Dirt bike or motocross motorcycle
  • 4: Personal watercraft (for example a Sea-Doo or Jet Ski)
  • 5: Motorboat (with an inboard or outboard motor)
  • 6: Household does not own any recreational
    vehicles
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Recreational vehicles/Outdoor equipment (GP) - Question identifier:GP_Q02

In the past 12 months, did [you/anyone in your household]:

... use a lawnmower?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Recreational vehicles/Outdoor equipment (GP) - Question identifier:GP_Q03

What type of engine did it have?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.
Please enter battery powered lawn mowers in the "Electric" category.

  • 1: Gas
  • 2: Electric
  • 3: Manual (push reel)
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Recreational vehicles/Outdoor equipment (GP) - Question identifier:GP_Q04

(In the past 12 months,) did [you/anyone in your household] use:

... a grass trimmer?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Recreational vehicles/Outdoor equipment (GP) - Question identifier:GP_Q05

What type of engine did it have?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.
Please enter battery powered trimmers in the "Electric" category.

  • 1: Gas
  • 2: Electric
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Recreational vehicles/Outdoor equipment (GP) - Question identifier:GP_Q06

(In the past 12 months, did [you/anyone in your household] use:)

... a leaf blower?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Recreational vehicles/Outdoor equipment (GP) - Question identifier:GP_Q07

What type of engine did it have?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.
Please enter battery powered leaf blowers in the "Electric" category.

  • 1: Gas
  • 2: Electric
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Recreational vehicles/Outdoor equipment (GP) - Question identifier:GP_Q08

In the past 12 months, did [you/anyone in your household] use:

... a chain saw (at home)?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Recreational vehicles/Outdoor equipment (GP) - Question identifier:GP_Q09

What type of engine did it have?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Gas
  • 2: Electric
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Recreational vehicles/Outdoor equipment (GP) - Question identifier:GP_Q10

(In the past 12 months, did [you/anyone in your household] use:)

... a snow blower?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Recreational vehicles/Outdoor equipment (GP) - Question identifier:GP_Q11

What type of engine did it have?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Gas
  • 2: Electric
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Indoor environment (IE)

Indoor environment (IE) - Question identifier:IE_R01

The following questions are about indoor air quality.

Press <1> to continue.

Indoor environment (IE) - Question identifier:IE_Q01

During the past 12 months, which of the following products were used to clean your windows?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Commercial chemical cleaner (for example Windex, Mr. Clean, Bon Ami)
  • 2: Other cleaners (for example vinegar, water, "green" or biodegradable cleaners)
  • 3: Did not use cleaners, did not clean or did not have windows during the past 12 months
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Indoor environment (IE) - Question identifier:IE_Q02

(In the past 12 months,) were any of the following chemical products used within your dwelling?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Oven cleaners and degreasers
  • 2: Solvents (for example paint thinner)
  • 3: Nail polish remover or makeup remover
  • 4: Indoor pesticides or insecticides (for example Raid,
    Ant-B-Gone)
  • 5: Air fresheners (for example potpourri, solid or spray air fresheners, essential oil dispensers or incense)
  • 6: Perfumes or aftershaves
  • 7: None of the above
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Indoor environment (IE) - Question identifier:IE_Q03

(In the past 12 months,) have you noticed any condensation on the inside surfaces of your windows other than moisture from showers or cooking?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 3: Dwelling does not have windows
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Indoor environment (IE) - Question identifier:IE_Q04

(In the past 12 months,) have you noticed any mould or mildew in your dwelling?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Indoor environment (IE) - Question identifier:IE_Q05

During the past 12 months, how often has the filter in your furnace been changed or cleaned?

Read categories to respondent.

  • 1: Every three months or more frequently
  • 2: Every six months
  • 3: Once in the past year
  • 4: Did not change or clean filter in the past year
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Indoor environment (IE) - Question identifier:IE_Q06

(During the past 12 months,) how would you rate the quality of the air inside your dwelling? Is it...?

Read categories to respondent.

  • 1: Excellent
  • 2: Very good
  • 3: Good
  • 4: Fair
  • 5: Poor
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Indoor environment (IE) - Question identifier:IE_Q07

(In the past 12 months,) [did you/did anyone in your household] have health problems that may have been caused by the quality of the air in your dwelling?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Indoor environment (IE) - Question identifier:IE_Q08

What measures [do you/does your household] take to improve the quality of the air in your dwelling? Do you...?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 01: Open windows more often to increase air circulation
  • 02: Turn on a floor or ceiling fan to increase air circulation
  • 03: Use an air conditioner more frequently
  • 04: Use a dehumidifier
  • 05: Use a humidifier
  • 06: Use an air cleaning system (excluding ionizing systems)
  • 07: Use higher quality filters in the furnace
  • 08: Use the furnace fan or a heat recovery ventilation (HRV) system to increase air circulation
  • 09: Use air fresheners (for example potpourri, solid or spray air fresheners, essential oil dispensers or incense) to improve air quality
  • 10: Other - Specify
  • 11: None of the above
  • 98: RF
  • 99: DK

Indoor environment (IE) - Question identifier:IE_Q09

During the winter season, how often do you open a window to allow fresh air into your dwelling?

Read categories to respondent.

  • 1: Every day
  • 2: At least once a week
  • 3: A few times during the season
  • 4: Never
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Indoor environment (IE) - Question identifier:IE_Q10

During the summer season, (how often do you open a window to allow fresh air into your dwelling?)

Read categories to respondent.

  • 1: Every day
  • 2: At least once a week
  • 3: A few times during the season
  • 4: Never
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Indoor environment (IE) - Question identifier:IE_Q11

Have you ever heard of radon?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Indoor environment (IE) - Question identifier:IE_R11

If necessary, read: (Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive gas that is colourless, odourless and tasteless and is found in soil. When radon enters an enclosed space, such as a basement, it can accumulate to unsafe levels and may increase the chances of someone developing lung cancer.)

Press <1> to continue.

Indoor environment (IE) - Question identifier:IE_Q12A

There are many substances that have similar characteristics to radon. I'm going to read four descriptions. Please tell me which one you feel best describes radon.

Radon is...

Read all four phrases, even if the respondent identifies one before all four have been read. If respondents are not sure which phrase is correct, please mark "don't know".

  • 1: a gas that comes from natural gas in furnaces and water heaters
  • 2: a gas that comes from the ground and causes lung cancer
  • 3: a gas that comes from carpets, furniture and paints
  • 4: a gas found in air conditioners and refrigerators
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Indoor environment (IE) - Question identifier:IE_Q13

Do you consider radon to be a health hazard?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Indoor environment (IE) - Question identifier:IE_Q14

Has your dwelling ever been tested for radon?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Indoor environment (IE) - Question identifier:IE_Q15

Was it tested in the last 10 years?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Composting (CP)

Composting (CP) - Question identifier:CP_R01

The next questions are about composting.

Press <1> to continue.

Composting (CP) - Question identifier:CP_Q01

During the past 12 months, did [you/your household] separate any kitchen waste from the rest of your garbage and put it out for compost collection, take it to a depot or put it in a compost bin or pile?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Composting (CP) - Question identifier:CP_Q02

How was your kitchen waste composted? Was it...?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Collected by your city or private company
  • 2: Taken to a depot
  • 3: Put in a compost bin, pile or garden
  • 4: Other
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Composting (CP) - Question identifier:CP_Q05

In the past 12 months, did [you/your household] separate any yard waste such as leaves, plants, or grass clippings from the rest of your garbage and put it out for collection, take it to a depot or put it in a compost bin or pile?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Composting (CP) - Question identifier:CP_Q06

How was your yard waste composted? Was it...?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Collected by your city or private company
  • 2: Taken to a depot
  • 3: Put in a compost bin, pile or garden
  • 4: Other
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Composting (CP) - Question identifier:CP_Q07

[Do you/Does your household] have access to a municipal composting or organics collection program for [kitchen/yard/kitchen and yard/kitchen] waste?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Air quality (AQ)

Air quality (AQ) - Question identifier:AQ_Q04

In the past 12 months, [did you/did anyone in your household] burn yard waste on your property?

Please include leaves, branches, grass clippings, etc.

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Air quality (AQ) - Question identifier:AQ_Q05

(In the past 12 months,) [did you/did anyone in your household] burn household waste on your property?

Please include all household items that can be burned, excluding only yard waste and materials generated from the operation of a business.

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Hazardous Waste (HW)

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_R01

The next set of questions is about the disposal of hazardous products.

Press <1> to continue.

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_Q01

In the past 12 months, did [you/anyone] have:

... any leftover or expired medication to dispose of?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_Q02

What did you do with them? Did you...?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Put them in the garbage
  • 2: Take or send them to a depot or drop off center
  • 3: Return them to a supplier/retailer including a pharmacy or doctor
  • 4: Pour them down the drain, sewer, ground, toilet or sink
  • 5: Still have them
  • 6: Other
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_Q02A

(In the past 12 months,) did [you/anyone] have:

... any medical sharps (to dispose of)?

Include syringes, needles, insulin pens and lancets.

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_Q02B

(What did you do with them?) Did you...?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Put them in the garbage
  • 2: Use a medical sharps disposal program
  • 3: Return them to a pharmacy or doctor
  • 4: Take or send them to a depot or drop off center
  • 5: Still have them
  • 6: Other
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_Q03

(In the past 12 months,) did [you/anyone] have:

... any leftover paint or solvents (to dispose of?)

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_Q04

(What did you do with them?) Did you...?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Put them in the garbage
  • 2: Take or send them to a depot or drop off center
  • 3: Return them to a supplier/retailer
  • 4: Still have them
  • 5: Other
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_Q05

(In the past 12 months,) did [you/anyone] have:

... any unwanted engine oil or anti-freeze (to dispose of?)

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_Q06

(What did you do with them?) Did you...?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Put them in the garbage
  • 2: Take or send them to a depot or drop off center
  • 3: Return them to a supplier/retailer
  • 4: Still have them
  • 5: Other
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_Q09

(In the past 12 months,) did [you/anyone] have:

... any dead or unwanted batteries, excluding car batteries (to dispose of?)

Include general purpose batteries such as AA batteries, cellphone, PDA, laptop computer, hearing aid and watch batteries.

Exclude car, motorcycle, boat (marine) and tractor batteries.

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_Q10A

(What did you do with them?) Did you...?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Put them in the garbage
  • 2: Take or send them to a depot or drop off center
  • 3: Return them to a supplier/retailer
  • 4: Still have them
  • 5: Other
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_Q10B

(In the past 12 months,) did [you/anyone] have:

... any leftover pesticides (to dispose of?)

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_Q10C

(What did you do with them?) Did you...?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Put them in the garbage
  • 2: Take or send them to a depot or drop off center
  • 3: Return them to a supplier/retailer
  • 4: Still have them
  • 5: Other
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_Q11

In the past 12 months, did [you/anyone] have any of the following unwanted electronic products to dispose of?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Computers
  • 2: Printers or fax machines
  • 3: Televisions or computer displays
  • 4: Audio-video equipment (include DVD players, VCRs, speakers, portable digital music players)
  • 5: Cellular phones
  • 6: Electronic gaming equipment
  • 7: None of the above
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_Q12

What did you do with your computers? Did you...?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Put them in the garbage
  • 2: Take or send them to a depot or drop off center
  • 3: Return them to a supplier/retailer
  • 4: Donate or give them away
  • 5: Repair or sell them
  • 6: Still have them
  • 7: Other
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_Q13

(What did you do with your) printers or fax machines? (Did you...?)

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Put them in the garbage
  • 2: Take or send them to a depot or drop off center
  • 3: Return them to a supplier/retailer
  • 4: Donate or give them away
  • 5: Repair or sell them
  • 6: Still have them
  • 7: Other
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_Q14

(What did you do with your) televisions or computer displays? (Did you...?)

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Put them in the garbage
  • 2: Take or send them to a depot or drop off center
  • 3: Return them to a supplier/retailer
  • 4: Donate or give them away
  • 5: Repair or sell them
  • 6: Still have them
  • 7: Other
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_Q15

(What did you do with your) audio-video equipment? (Did you...?)

Include DVD players, VCRs, speakers, portable digital music players

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Put them in the garbage
  • 2: Take or send them to a depot or drop off center
  • 3: Return them to a supplier/retailer
  • 4: Donate or give them away
  • 5: Repair or sell them
  • 6: Still have them
  • 7: Other
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_Q16

(What did you do with your) cellular phones? (Did you...?)

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Put them in the garbage
  • 2: Take or send them to a depot or drop off center
  • 3: Return them to a supplier/retailer
  • 4: Donate or give them away
  • 5: Repair or sell them
  • 6: Still have them
  • 7: Other
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_Q17

(What did you do with your unwanted) electronic gaming equipment? (Did you...?)

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Put them in the garbage
  • 2: Take or send them to a depot or drop off center
  • 3: Return them to a supplier/retailer
  • 4: Donate or give them away
  • 5: Repair or sell them
  • 6: Still have them
  • 7: Other
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_Q18

(In the past 12 months,) did [you/anyone] have any dead or unwanted compact fluorescent light bulbs (to dispose of?)

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_Q19

(What did you do with them?) Did you...?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Put them in the garbage
  • 2: Take or send them to a depot or drop off center
  • 3: Return them to a supplier/retailer
  • 4: Still have them
  • 5: Other
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_Q20

(In the past 12 months,) did [you/anyone] have any dead or unwanted fluorescent tubes (to dispose of?)

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Hazardous Waste (HW) - Question identifier:HW_Q21

(What did you do with them?) Did you...?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Put them in the garbage
  • 2: Take or send them to a depot or drop off center
  • 3: Return them to a supplier/retailer
  • 4: Still have them
  • 5: Other
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Importance of nature (NN)

Importance of nature (NN) - Question identifier:NN_R01

The next set of questions is about the importance of nature.

Press <1> to continue.

Importance of nature (NN) - Question identifier:NN_Q01

In the past 12 months, did [you/anyone in your household] grow vegetables, herbs, fruits or flowers for personal use?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Importance of nature (NN) - Question identifier:NN_Q02

Where were they grown?

Read categories to respondent. Mark all that apply.

  • 1: Outside in the yard
  • 2: On a balcony, porch or deck
  • 3: In a community garden or allotment garden
  • 4: Indoors
  • 5: In a rooftop garden
  • 6: Somewhere else
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Importance of nature (NN) - Question identifier:NN_Q03

Are there any shrubs or hedges on your property?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Importance of nature (NN) - Question identifier:NN_Q04

Are there any trees on your property?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Importance of nature (NN) - Question identifier:NN_Q05

In the past 5 years, have there been any trees planted on your property?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Importance of nature (NN) - Question identifier:NN_Q06

In the past 5 years, have there been any trees cut down or removed on your property?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Importance of nature (NN) - Question identifier:NN_Q07

In the past 12 months, did [you/anyone in your household] make any purchases to feed or shelter birds on your property?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Importance of nature (NN) - Question identifier:NN_Q07A

In the past 12 months, did [you/anyone in your household] make any purchases to watch birds, such as binoculars, bird books, or travel for bird watching trips?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Importance of nature (NN) - Question identifier:NN_Q08A

In the past 12 months, did [you/your household] participate in outdoor activities close to your home?

Close to your home: 10 minutes walking or driving.
Outdoor activities can include individual activities such as walking, running, skiing or picnicking, and team activities such as playing soccer, baseball or football.

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Importance of nature (NN) - Question identifier:NN_Q08B

What type of outdoor activities did [you/your household] participate in (close to your home)?

Long Answer Length = 160

Close to your home: 10 minutes walking or driving.
Outdoor activities can include individual activities such as walking, running, skiing or picnicking, and team activities such as playing soccer, baseball or football.

Importance of nature (NN) - Question identifier:NN_Q09

Are there any parks or public greenspaces close to your home?

Close to your home: 10 minutes walking or driving.

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Importance of nature (NN) - Question identifier:NN_Q10

In the past 12 months, did [you/anyone in your household] visit these parks or public greenspaces?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Importance of nature (NN) - Question identifier:NN_Q11

In the past 12 months, did [you/anyone in your household] visit any [other parks/parks] or public greenspaces[ that were not close to your home?/?]

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Importance of nature (NN) - Question identifier:NN_Q12

In the past 12 months, did [you/anyone in your household] engage, without pay, in activities aimed at conservation or protection of the environment or wildlife?

For example picking up litter, planting trees, naturalizing or restoring areas, writing letters to political officials.

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Importance of nature (NN) - Question identifier:NN_Q13

Were any of these activities done on behalf of a group or an organization?

Include activities like beach or park clean-up days, unpaid help provided to schools, religious organizations, sports or community associations.

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Importance of nature (NN) - Question identifier:NN_Q14

Were any of these activities done independently, that is, not on behalf of a group or an organization?

For example, picking up litter, writing letters to political officials.

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Importance of nature (NN) - Question identifier:NN_Q15

In the past 12 months, did [you/anyone in your household] participate, without pay, in cleaning up shorelines, beaches, rivers, lakes or roadsides?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Importance of nature (NN) - Question identifier:NN_Q16

In the past 12 months, did [you/anyone in your household] participate, without pay, in monitoring or assessing wild species or natural habitats to assist with nature conservation?

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Importance of nature (NN) - Question identifier:NN_Q17

In the past 12 months, did [you/anyone in your household] participate, without pay, in teaching about nature?

Include giving guided nature walks, chaperoning school trips to nature centres and leading or assisting indoor courses on nature and the environment.

  • 1: Yes
  • 2: No
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Purchasing decisions (PD)

Purchasing decisions (PD) - Question identifier:PD_R01

The next few questions are about purchasing decisions.

Press <1> to continue.

Purchasing decisions (PD) - Question identifier:PD_Q03

When they are available (or in season), how often [do you/does your household] purchase foods advertised as being locally grown or produced?

Read categories to respondent.

  • 1: Always
  • 2: Often
  • 3: Sometimes
  • 4: Rarely
  • 5: Never
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Purchasing decisions (PD) - Question identifier:PD_Q04

In the past 12 months, how often [did you/did your household] purchase environmentally friendly or "green" cleaning products?

Read categories to respondent.

  • 1: Always
  • 2: Often
  • 3: Sometimes
  • 4: Rarely
  • 5: Never
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Purchasing decisions (PD) - Question identifier:PD_Q05

(In the past 12 months,) how often did [you use your/your household use your] own bags or containers to carry your groceries?

Read categories to respondent.

  • 1: Always
  • 2: Often
  • 3: Sometimes
  • 4: Rarely
  • 5: Never
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Total Household Income (THI)

Total Household Income (THI) - Question identifier:THI_Q01

Now a question about your total household income.

What is your best estimate of your total household income received by all household members, from all sources, before taxes and deductions, during the year ending December 31, 2014?

Income can come from various sources such as from work, investments, pensions or government. Examples include Employment Insurance, Social Assistance, Child Tax Benefit and other income such as child support, spousal support (alimony) and rental income.

Min = -9000000; Max = 90000000

Capital gains should not be included in the household income.

Total Household Income (THI) - Question identifier:THI_Q02

Can you estimate in which of the following groups your household income falls? Was the total household income during the year ending December 31, 2014... ?

Read categories to respondent.

  • 1: Less than $50,000, including income loss
  • 2: $50,000 and more
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Total Household Income (THI) - Question identifier:THI_Q03

Please stop me when I have read the category which applies to your household.

Was it... ?

Read categories to respondent.

  • 1: Less than $5,000
  • 2: $5,000 to less than $10,000
  • 3: $10,000 to less than $15,000
  • 4: $15,000 to less than $20,000
  • 5: $20,000 to less than $30,000
  • 6: $30,000 to less than $40,000
  • 7: $40,000 to less than $50,000
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK

Total Household Income (THI) - Question identifier:THI_Q04

Please stop me when I have read the category which applies to your household.

Was it... ?

Read categories to respondent.

  • 1: $50,000 to less than $60,000
  • 2: $60,000 to less than $70,000
  • 3: $70,000 to less than $80,000
  • 4: $80,000 to less than $90,000
  • 5: $90,000 to less than $100,000
  • 6: $100,000 to less than $150,000
  • 7: $150,000 and over
  • 8: RF
  • 9: DK
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