Canadian Survey on the Provision of Child Care Services (CSPCCS)

Detailed information for April 2024





Record number:


The purpose of this survey is to collect information on the provision of child care services in Canada for children ages 12 and under at the national, provincial and territorial level. Data is collected from licensed and unlicensed home-based and centre-based child care providers. Questions will be asked about staff, services provided, enrollment and daily fees. The data will be used by Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) for policy research and development. Information may also be used by Statistics Canada for other statistical and research purposes.

Data release - Scheduled for March 2025


Statistics Canada is conducting the Canadian Survey on the Provision of Child Care Services (CSPCCS) in collaboration with Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC). Data will be gathered on:
- status and type of licensing of child care providers,
- type of child care services offered,
- maximum capacity,
- number of enrolled children by age group,
- daily fees,
- type of building where child care services are provided,
- number, type of employment, and educational training of child care employees, and
- sources of operating funds.

Results will be produced at the national, provincial and territorial level on child care provision by centres and licensed and unlicensed homes.


  • Child care
  • Children and youth

Data sources and methodology

Target population

The target population for this survey includes all child care locations in Canada with an annual revenue of at least $2,500 per year. To identify these units, the sampling frame was built by taking locations coded to North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 624410 (Child day-care services) on the Business Register in addition to providers matched from licensed provincial and territorial lists, whose primary activity may not fall under NAICS 624410. All units with revenue less than $2,500 were excluded from the frame.

Instrument design

The questionnaire was developed by Statistics Canada in partnership with Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC). Statistics Canada conducted cognitive testing with selected respondents and made recommendations that were implemented to finalize the questionnaire. Data will be collected electronically.


This is a sample survey with a cross-sectional design.

The sampling frame is extracted from Statistics Canada's Business Register (BR). The sampling unit is the location, as defined in the Business Register.

Sampling unit
The sampling units are all home-based licensed, home-based unlicensed and centre-based child care locations in Canada.

Stratification method
Units were stratified into three groups: Centres, Licensed Homes and Unlicensed Homes. These three strata were further stratified into eleven regions, consisting of the ten provinces and the territories combined into one region.

Centres on the frame that were identified as having a particularly large number of employees on the Business Register formed their own stratum where all locations within it were selected in the sample with certainty.

Sampling and sub-sampling
The total sample size was set at 20,000 units, and units were allocated to ensure similar quality across regions and balance among the estimation domains. The total sample is allocated at the strata level in order to meet the required precision when estimating proportions for the three types of services at the provincial level.

Data sources

Data collection for this reference period: 2024-04-02 to 2024-06-28

Responding to this survey is voluntary.

Data are collected directly from survey respondents.

Data will be collected via electronic questionnaire (EQ).

Respondents with an email address in the Business Register will receive an email invitation while the remainder will receive an invitation letter in the mail with a Secure Access Code to access the EQ.

View the Questionnaire(s) and reporting guide(s).

Error detection

Metadata will be provided upon release.


Metadata will be provided upon release.


Metadata will be provided upon release.

Quality evaluation

Metadata will be provided upon release.

Disclosure control

Statistics Canada is prohibited by law from releasing any information it collects that could identify any person, business, or organization, unless consent has been given by the respondent or as permitted by the Statistics Act. Various confidentiality rules are applied to all data that are released or published to prevent the publication or disclosure of any information deemed confidential. If necessary, data are suppressed to prevent direct or residual disclosure of identifiable data.

Revisions and seasonal adjustment

This methodology does not apply to this statistical program.

Data accuracy

Metadata will be provided upon release.

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