Canadian Survey on Business Conditions (CSBC)

Detailed information for the fourth quarter of 2021





Record number:


The purpose of this survey is to collect information on businesses in Canada related to emerging issues. This iteration of the survey focuses on business expectations and business conditions in Canada.

Data release - Scheduled for November 2021


Information collected is intended to help governments, chambers of commerce and business associations across Canada devise strategies and mechanisms to foster the survival and continuity of businesses in Canada.


  • Business adaptation and adjustment
  • Business performance and ownership
  • Government
  • Labour
  • Revenue and expenditures
  • Wages, salaries and other earnings

Data sources and methodology

Target population

The target population for this survey is all active establishments on the Business Register (BR), which have an address in Canada, and which have employees. The following subsectors and sectors according to the North American Industry Classification System are excluded from the target population.

- 22: Utilities
- 523990: All other financial investment activities
- 55: Management of companies and enterprises
- 611: Education services
- 6214: Out-patient care centres
- 6215: Medical and diagnostic laboratories
- 6219: Other ambulatory health care services
- 622: Hospitals
- 814: Private households
- 91: Public administration

Statistics Canada's BR is a central repository of information on businesses operating in Canada. It is used as the principal frame for many Statistics Canada's economic statistical programs. The BR provides consistent and standardized data at different statistical levels throughout the year.

The standardized business classification model developed at Statistics Canada comprises a four-level hierarchy of statistical entities:

- enterprise: the top of the hierarchy, which is associated with a complete (consolidated) set of financial statements;
- company: the level at which operating profit can be measured;
- establishment: the level at which the accounting data required to measure production are available (principal inputs, revenues, wages, etc.);
- location: the bottom of the hierarchy, which requires only the number of employees for delineation.

Instrument design

The collection instrument for this survey is an electronic questionnaire. The questionnaire is the result of collective input from stakeholders both internal and external to Statistics Canada.


This is a sample survey with a cross-sectional design.

The survey uses a stratified random sample of business establishments classified by geography, industry sector and size.

Data sources

Data collection for this reference period: 2021-10-01 to 2021-11-05

Responding to this survey is voluntary.

Data are collected directly from survey respondents.

The respondents are mailed or e-mailed a secure access code to respond to the electronic questionnaire.

View the Questionnaire(s) and reporting guide(s) .

Error detection

Metadata will be provided upon release.


Metadata will be provided upon release.


Metadata will be provided upon release.

Quality evaluation

Metadata will be provided upon release.

Disclosure control

Statistics Canada is prohibited by law from releasing any information it collects that could identify any person, business, or organization, unless consent has been given by the respondent or as permitted by the Statistics Act. Various confidentiality rules are applied to all data that are released or published to prevent the publication or disclosure of any information deemed confidential. If necessary, data are suppressed to prevent direct or residual disclosure of identifiable data.

Revisions and seasonal adjustment

This methodology type does not apply to this statistical program.

Data accuracy

Metadata will be provided upon release.

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