Public Nursing and Residential Care Facilities

Detailed information for 2022





Record number:


This program collects and disseminates financial operating data concerning government controlled and not-for-profit residential care facilities. Data may be used to develop national and regional economic policies and programs.

Data release - March 19, 2024


As the median age of Canada's population continues to rise, the demands on the health and long-term care systems will increase.

To monitor the economic impacts of this demographic shift, financial data pertaining to government owned, operated or controlled and not-for-profit residential care facilities are collected and aggregated with other sources to produce official estimates of national and provincial economic production for the industry. Control is assessed at the institutional-unit level and based on a number of factors, including decision-making abilities and financial dependence.

Estimates are made available to businesses, governments, investors, associations, and the public. The data are used to monitor industry growth, measure performance, and make comparisons to other data sources to better understand this industry.

Reference period: The calendar year, or the 12-month fiscal period for which the final day occurs on or between April 1st of the reference year and March 31st of the following year.

Collection period: Annually, May through August, one year after the reference period.


  • Government
  • Health
  • Health and disability among seniors
  • Older adults and population aging (formerly Seniors)
  • Revenue and expenditures

Data sources and methodology

Target population

The target population consists of residential care facilities that are owned, operated or controlled by any level of government, and not-for-profit institutions. Control is assessed at the institutional-unit level and based on a number of factors, including decision-making abilities and financial dependence. Only facilities that operate with residential care as their primary operating activity are included. For example, long-term care administered in hospital branches would not be included in the population.

The observed population consists of all public sector establishments in the Business Register classified to the code 623 - Nursing and residential care facilities according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2022 during the reference year.


No sampling is done for this statistical program.

Data sources

Data are extracted from administrative files and derived from other Statistics Canada surveys and/or other sources.

Administrative data, including provincial public accounts, budgets, main estimates and general ledgers, are obtained directly from provincial governments or from publicly available sources.

Databases from the Canadian Institute for Health Information, including the Canadian MIS Database and National Health Expenditure Trends Database are transferred to Statistics Canada, and are used for data confrontation and validation.

Administrative data from Canada Revenue Agency is extracted from Tax Databases and aggregated with other administrative data. Where data gaps may exist in these sources, alternative methods, including manual financial statement collection may be used. Various provincial ministries may be contacted directly to assist in the verification of the frame of facilities.

Error detection

To confirm the accuracy of data records received in administrative data sources, various error detection methods are applied to identify reporting and capture errors during the data processing phase. Horizontal analysis may be applied to identify abnormal movements in time series at account or aggregate levels. Vertical analysis may also be applied to ensure that ratios and proportions are consistent, and aggregate totals are calculated accurately. Outliers are automatically identified using a predetermined threshold, and extreme outliers are manually reviewed to determine validity.


Missing, invalid or inconsistent data may be imputed using donor data from other sources where they exist, or historical records (prior years adjusted using indicators from the current production year).


Where applicable, general ledgers are used to supplement administrative data. Transactions with residential care are identified and used as indicators to estimate growth at the industry level. General ledgers may contain additional detail, including grants and other expenses made to specific residential care facilities. Select series may be populated using tax data from administrative data sources.

Quality evaluation

Prior to the data release, results are analyzed for comparability; in general, this includes a detailed review of general economic conditions, coherence with results from related economic indicators, historical trends, and information from other external sources.

Disclosure control

Statistics Canada is prohibited by law from releasing any information it collects that could identify any person, business, or organization, unless consent has been given by the respondent or as permitted by the Statistics Act. Various confidentiality rules are applied to all data that are released or published to prevent the publication or disclosure of any information deemed confidential. If necessary, data are suppressed to prevent direct or residual disclosure of identifiable data.

Revisions and seasonal adjustment

There is no seasonal adjustment. Data from previous years may be revised based on updated information.

Data accuracy

Reporting detail may vary across jurisdictions. Where detailed data is unavailable, data may be imputed using donor information from jurisdictions of similar size and characteristics.

The inherent quality of the input data varies systematically through time, with the most recent data being the least reliable since they may be based on budget forecasts and estimation. For earlier reference years, with each additional year the input data becomes subject to smaller revisions as reported data become available.

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