Survey of Commercial and Institutional Energy Use (SCIEU)

Detailed information for 2019

Status:

Active

Frequency:

Occasional

Record number:

5034

The purpose of this survey is to collect statistical information on the energy demand and consumption patterns of commercial and institutional buildings across Canada.

Data release - Scheduled for fall 2022

Description

The purpose of this survey, sponsored by Natural Resources Canada (NRCan), is to collect statistical information on the energy demand and consumption patterns of commercial and institutional buildings across Canada. The survey collects data on the types and quantities of energy being used (such as electricity, natural gas, etc.), and building characteristics to better understand energy consumption.

Clear, credible information is the foundation on which to build the case for investments in energy efficiency. Understanding how much energy a building uses and why is a necessary first step to designing effective measures to reduce energy use, and to track the effectiveness of those measures over time.

Aggregated data from this survey will be used by governments, utilities, industry associations, building managers, and business owners, to:

- develop programs and policies to improve the energy efficiency of commercial and institutional buildings and support Canada's climate change objectives;
- support programs such as ''ENERGY STAR® Portfolio Manager®'' to encourage energy efficiency practices and enable owners to track and compare their building's energy use against that of similar buildings.

Reference period: Calendar year

Subjects

  • Energy
  • Energy consumption and disposition

Data sources and methodology

Target population

The survey is split into two components, the building component and the institution component.

Building Component:
The target population of the building component are commercial and institutional (excluding hospitals and post-secondary institutions) buildings where the minimum floor area of the building is at least 50 square metres, where at least 50% of the floor space is used for commercial or institutional activities, and where the floor space was either partially or fully in use or available for use during the reference year. Military bases, embassies and stand-alone portable structures are excluded.

The targeted buildings can be classified by activity to the following 23 types:

- Bank branch
- Courthouse
- Police station
- Fire station
- Assisted daily care facility or residential care facility
- Hotel, motel, hostel, or lodge
- Preschool or daycare
- Primary or secondary school
- Restaurant
- Food or beverage store
- Retail store (non-food)
- Office space (medical)
- Office space (excluding medical)
- Recreation centre
- Ice rink
- Performing arts
- Cinema
- Place of worship
- Museum or gallery
- Library or archives
- Warehouse
- Vehicle dealership, repair, or storage
- Other activity or function

Institution Component:
The targeted buildings can be classified by activity to the following two types:

- Hospital
- Post-secondary institution

Instrument design

In partnership with Natural Resources Canada, four questionnaires were developed to collect information on energy use by commercial and institutional buildings across Canada.

Questionnaire design specialists were consulted in the design and testing of all four questionnaires. The questionnaires were tested with commercial and institutional buildings across Canada, sampled from the Statistical Building Register (SBgR) and the Business Register (BR). Their comments on the design and content were incorporated into the final versions.

Building Component:

For the building component, the first collection instrument is a pre-contact survey with sampled buildings to confirm that they were in-scope for the survey; to identify contact persons for the collection of building information; and to confirm the activity taking place in the building.

Following the pre-contact survey, the second collection instrument is used to collect detailed information on the energy used by buildings (building questionnaire).

Institution Component:

For the institution component, the third collection instrument is a pre-contact survey with sampled hospitals and post-secondary institutions to confirm that they were in-scope for the survey; to identify contact persons for the collection of institution information; and to confirm the number, type and size of the buildings occupied by the institution. The latter information was used to build a frame for the selection of a sample of institutions.

Following the pre-contact survey, the fourth collection instrument is used to collect detailed information on the energy used by institutions (institution questionnaire).

Sampling

This is a sample survey with a cross-sectional design.

Two distinct samples are selected for the Survey of Commercial and Institutional Energy Use, one for the building component and the other for the institution component.

Building Component:

To compile the list of buildings in the sample, the Statistical Building Register (SBgR) is supplemented with the Business Register and used for the building component. The SBgR is a more exhaustive version of the current Address Register (AR). It has a complete list of buildings and units and covers both residential and non-residential buildings in Canada, compiled via various administrative data sources.

To derive the estimates of sample size, estimates were calculated separately for the building types from the Building Registry at the national level or for all commercial and institutional buildings at the provincial/territorial level. The total number of building types for purpose of deriving estimates is 24. There are additional sampled units in Quebec, Ontario, Alberta and British Columbia. Additionally, a census of all commercial buildings in the territories is required.

Institution Component:

This survey will be conducted using institutions on the Business Register.

Hospital refers to a general medical and surgical hospital (including critical access hospitals and children's hospitals). These facilities provide acute care services intended to treat patients for short periods, including emergency medical care, physician's office services, diagnostic care, preventative care, ambulatory care, surgical care, psychiatric care, and limited specialty services such as rehabilitation and cancer care. The Business Register includes veterinary hospitals within "Hospitals" definitions. As per the building definitions provided by NRCan, veterinary hospitals will be excluded for this survey.

Post-secondary school is defined as any building with space used for the purpose of providing higher education. This includes public and private universities, colleges and CEGEPs, technical and trade schools and business and secretarial schools. The establishment survey excludes adult and continuing education schools.

The sample of institutions will be a census of all hospitals and post-secondary institutions in all provinces and territories, other than Quebec and Ontario. In Quebec and Ontario, between 60-80% of the hospitals and post-secondary institutions in these provinces are included in the sample. The sample design will support estimates by region for floor area, energy consumption, and energy intensity.

Data sources

Data collection for this reference period: 2021-01-11 to 2021-04-12

Responding to this survey is mandatory.

Data are collected directly from survey respondents.

The respondent is mailed or emailed a secure access code to respond to the electronic questionnaire.

View the Questionnaire(s) and reporting guide(s).

Error detection

The metadata will be provided upon release.

Imputation

The metadata will be provided upon release.

Estimation

The metadata will be provided upon release.

Quality evaluation

To follow...

Disclosure control

Statistics Canada is prohibited by law from releasing any information it collects that could identify any person, business, or organization, unless consent has been given by the respondent or as permitted by the Statistics Act. Various confidentiality rules are applied to all data that are released or published to prevent the publication or disclosure of any information deemed confidential. If necessary, data are suppressed to prevent direct or residual disclosure of identifiable data.

Revisions and seasonal adjustment

This methodology type does not apply to this statistical program.

Data accuracy

To follow...

Documentation

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