Production of Poultry and Eggs
Detailed information for January 2003
The Production of Poultry and Eggs survey is designed to provide data on the production, disposition and value of chickens, stewing hens, turkeys and eggs.
Data release - March 5, 2003
The Production of Poultry and Eggs survey is designed to provide data on the production, disposition and value of chickens, stewing hens, turkeys and eggs. In addition there is data related to average prices of eggs sold and home consumption of poultry meats and eggs. Statistics Canada has been estimating poultry meat production and value since 1951. Egg production and value data have been estimated since 1920.
The data, published on a provincial basis, are used in decision making by government agencies, processors, retailers and producer organizations. As the poultry sector is supply-managed, the data are often required to regulate trade and production.
Reference period: Month
Collection period: Ongoing process throughout the year
- Agriculture and food (formerly Agriculture)
- Livestock and aquaculture
Data sources and methodology
Conceptually, the universe consists of all producers, processors, warehouses and retailers of poultry meat or egg products.
This survey is a census.
Data presented in this program are compiled from several administrative sources including provincial and federal government departments and marketing boards. All efforts are taken to minimize non-sampling errors through quality controls in the data collection process and through careful review and analysis of all data for consistency.
No imputation is done for this statistical program.
The estimation of production and value of poultry meat is a function of the number of birds slaughtered, their average weight times a price. The estimates include chicken, stewing hens and turkey meat sold by producers as well as that consumed by these producers. Estimates of quantities sold consist of commercial and non-commercial slaughter and are made at the provincial level. Commercial slaughter is adjusted for interprovincial and international trade and includes all birds that have been processed in registered plants. Non-commercial slaughter consists of birds slaughtered on farms. Poultry meat production is valued at the average price per kilogram received by producers. Prices include bonuses and premiums and exclude fees, such as storage, transportation and administration fees.
The estimation of egg production and value data is a function of the number of laying hens, the average rates of lay coupled to prices. Egg production includes all eggs sold for consumption, consumed by producers, sold for hatching, leakers and rejects. Production from registered, non-registered and hatchery flocks are included in the estimates and then associated with different prices received by producers, by province. The prices include bonuses and premiums and exclude fees, such as storage, transportation and administration fees.
Home consumption is the amount of meat or eggs consumed by producers or their immediate families. The amount consumed is valued at market prices as it represents the income producers would have received had the product been sold.
The survey results are evaluated through comparisons to previous estimates and other data sources when available. Biological factors and industry limitations are used as a guide when evaluating the data or comparing to other data sets.
Statistics Canada is prohibited by law from releasing any information it collects which could identify any person, business, or organization, unless consent has been given by the respondent or as permitted by the Statistics Act. Various confidentiality rules are applied to all data that are released or published to prevent the publication or disclosure of any information deemed confidential. If necessary, data are suppressed to prevent direct or residual disclosure of identifiable data.
Data are obtained primarily through administrative sources, as part of the licence registration obligations or as part of the supply-management regulations. Payments to producers are often tied to this information and consequently the quality of the administrative data is deemed to be high. Administrative sources are subject to non-sampling errors such as omissions, duplications, and mistakes in reporting, capturing and processing the data. The effects of these errors cannot be measured directly.
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