Survey of Provincial/Territorial Government Expenditures on Culture
Detailed information for 2006-2007
This survey is conducted in order to gain a better understanding of provincial and territorial government expenditures on culture in Canada.
Data release - July 21, 2009
The following is a list of culture sectors included in this survey: 1) national libraries; 2) public libraries; 3) school libraries; 4) university and college libraries; 5) museums; 6) public archives; 7) historic parks and sites; 8) nature/provincial parks; 9) other heritage; 10) arts education; 11) literary arts; 12) performing arts; 13) visual arts and crafts; 14) film and video; 15) broadcasting; 16) sound recording; 17) multiculturalism; 18) multidisciplinary activities; 19) other.
The data from this survey are used by all levels of government for the assessment and development of culture policies and programs. They are also used by a wide variety of national, provincial, territorial, municipal and sectoral arts councils, agencies, advocacy groups, think tanks, arts organizations, institutions and researchers for the assessment and development of cultural policies as well as for resource justification purposes.
Reference period: Fiscal year (between April 1st of the reference year and March 31st of the following year)
- Culture and leisure
- Government spending on culture
Data sources and methodology
Provincial and territorial government departments and agencies responsible for the support of arts and culture.
The collection instrument was designed in consultation with data users and questionnaire design specialists. It was last revised in 1984.
This survey is a census with a cross-sectional design.
Data are collected for all units of the target population, therefore, no sampling is done.
Data collection for this reference period: 2008-03-03 to 2009-02-19
Responding to this survey is mandatory.
Data are collected directly from survey respondents.
The survey is a mail-out mail-back survey with fax and telephone follow-ups.
View the Questionnaire(s) and reporting guide(s) .
A series of edits are designed to identify problems with the data. These include consistency and historic range edits which are completed after collection as part of processing.
Problems of missing, invalid or inconsistent entries are resolved by contacting the respondents. However, in some cases, respondents cannot provide data about school, university and college libraries because the provinces and territories provide funding to the institutions as a whole and not to the libraries directly. While total spending on these libraries is obtained from surveys of school boards, and university and college education expenditures, these data do not show a breakdown of the provincial/territorial contribution to this total spending. Therefore, provincial/territorial funding to these libraries is imputed on the basis of the provincial/territorial contribution to the total revenues of the educational institutions. Because data on school libraries in some provinces and territories were not available in time from the survey on school boards, these data were imputed using the provincial and territorial growth factors for school board expenditures from the previous year.
This methodology type does not apply to this statistical program.
In addition to historical trend analysis, data sources within and outside Statistics Canada are used to compare, reconcile, and validate the final data output.
Statistics Canada is prohibited by law from releasing any information it collects that could identify any person, business, or organization, unless consent has been given by the respondent or as permitted by the Statistics Act. Various confidentiality rules are applied to all data that are released or published to prevent the publication or disclosure of any information deemed confidential. If necessary, data are suppressed to prevent direct or residual disclosure of identifiable data.
In order to prevent any data disclosure, confidentiality analysis is done using the Statistics Canada Generalized Disclosure Control System (G-Confid). G-Confid is used for primary suppression (direct disclosure) as well as for secondary suppression (residual disclosure). Direct disclosure occurs when the value in a tabulation cell is composed of or dominated by few enterprises while residual disclosure occurs when confidential information can be derived indirectly by piecing together information from different sources or data series.
Revisions and seasonal adjustment
Revisions to the data for previous year(s) are made if revised data are provided by the respondent(s).
Since the survey is a census of all known provincial and territorial cultural departments and agencies, only non-sampling errors (coverage, non-response, measurement and processing errors) are possible. Coverage error was minimized by using multiple sources to update the frame. Careful design of the questionnaire, extensive manual and automated edits, imputation for non-response, and monitoring of survey operations all help to limit the magnitude of the other non-sampling errors. Imputed data on school, and university and college libraries accounted for about 20% of the total provincial and territorial cultural budgets.