Employment Dynamics

Detailed information for 1999





Record number:


The Employment Dynamics is a compilation of statistical tables on employment, payroll and the number of businesses with employees for Canada, the provinces and territories.

Data release - July 19, 2002


This program was discontinued after the 1999 reference year.

The Employment Dynamics is a compilation of statistical tables on employment, payroll and the number of businesses with employees for Canada, the provinces and territories. They are published annually by Statistics Canada's Small Business and Special Surveys Division, which derives the Dynamics figures from information supplied by the Business and Labour Market Analysis Division.

Primarily, the tables are used to analyze how businesses of different sizes contribute to employment change in the economy. The Dynamics are also useful in that they provide estimated counts of entries and exits of businesses from the employer population in Canada.

The data cover all private and public sector businesses or organizations (including public administration) that issue T4 slips to employees for taxation purposes. Both incorporated and unincorporated entities are included, but only if they issue T4 slips to employees. In other words, non-employers are not included in the figures.

Reference period: Calendar year


  • Employment and unemployment
  • Labour
  • Wages, salaries and other earnings

Data sources and methodology


This survey is a census with a longitudinal design.

Error detection

Each new year of tax data that is added to the Longitudinal Employment Analysis Program (LEAP) database undergoes a series of edit and validation checks based on cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis. Individual records as well as industry/area aggregates are scrutinized for accuracy and consistency.

Quality evaluation

The Employment Dynamics data are derived from a universe file of all businesses with paid employees and are subject to non-sampling errors, but not to sampling error. Non-sampling errors are present in data whether a sample or a complete census of the population is taken. These errors may be introduced at various stages of data processing (such as coding, data entry, editing, tabulation, etc.) and include response errors introduced by tax filers as a result of misclassifications. All efforts are undertaken to minimize non-sampling errors through edits and data analysis, but some of these errors are outside the control of Statistics Canada. Specifically, Canada Custom and Revenue Agency tax forms are designed for the collection of income data for tax purposes and not for statistical purposes. In the context of the Employment Dynamics, no measure of non-sampling error has been developed.

Disclosure control

Statistics Canada is prohibited by law from releasing any information it collects that could identify any person, business, or organization, unless consent has been given by the respondent or as permitted by the Statistics Act. Various confidentiality rules are applied to all data that are released or published to prevent the publication or disclosure of any information deemed confidential. If necessary, data are suppressed to prevent direct or residual disclosure of identifiable data.

In order to prevent any data disclosure, confidentiality analysis is done using the Statistics Canada Generalized Disclosure Control System (G-Confid). G-Confid is used for primary suppression (direct disclosure) as well as for secondary suppression (residual disclosure). Direct disclosure occurs when the value in a tabulation cell is composed of or dominated by few enterprises while residual disclosure occurs when confidential information can be derived indirectly by piecing together information from different sources or data series.

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