Annual Survey of Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing
Detailed information for 2001
The survey mandate is to collect financial and non-financial data on the Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing industry, as defined by the North American Industry Classification System, on an annual basis.
Data release - May 7, 2003
The survey objective is the collection and dissemination of data necessary for the statistical analysis of the Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing industry.
The information from the survey can be used by businesses for market analysis, by trade associations to study performance and other characteristics of their industry, by government to develop national and regional economic policies, and by other user involved in research or policy making.
This survey is part of the Service Industries Program. The survey data gathered are used to compile aggregate statistics for over thirty service industry groupings. Financial data, including revenue, expense and profit statistics are available for all of the surveys in the program. In addition, many compile and disseminate industry-specific information.
Reference period: Calendar year
- Business, consumer and property services
- Business performance and ownership
- Financial statements and performance
- Rental and leasing and real estate
Data sources and methodology
The target population consists of all statistical establishments (sometimes referred to as firms or units) classified as Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing (NAICS 5324) according to the North American Industry Classification System 1997 (NAICS 1997) during the reference year. The Commercial and Industrial Machinery Equipment and Rental sector covers three NAICS 1997: Construction, Transportation, Mining and Forestry Equipment Rental and Leasing Rental (NAICS 53241), Office Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing (NAICS 53242) and Other Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing (NAICS 53249).
The Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing survey covers establishments primarily engaged in renting or leasing commercial and industrial machinery and equipment, without operator. The types of establishments included in this industry group are generally involved in providing capital/investment-type equipment that clients use in their business operations. These establishments typically serve businesses and do not generally operate a retail-like or store-front facility.
The survey questionnaires comprise financial characteristics such as revenue, broken down by the sources of revenue; expenses, broken down by operating and non-operating expenses; number of employees and distribution of revenue by type of client. Based on contacts with respondents and data users, some modifications have been incorporated to the questionnaires since 1998 in order to reflect the nature of the industry surveyed. The changes are field tested to ensure that they are reasonable and sustainable.
This is a sample survey with a cross-sectional design.
The survey design was based on probability sampling and only covered the portion of the frame subject to direct data collection.
Prior to the selection of a random sample, establishments are classified into homogeneous groups (i.e., groups with the same NAICS codes, same geography (province/territory), and same business type (incorporated/unincorporated) attributes). Quality requirements are targeted, and then each group is divided into sub-groups called strata: take-all, must-take, and take-some.
The take-all stratum includes the largest firms in terms of performance (based on revenue) in an industry. Every firm is sampled, which means each firm represents itself and is given a weight of one. The must-take stratum is also comprised of self-representing units, but these are selected on the basis of complex structure characteristics (multi-establishment, multi-legal, multi-NAICS, or multi-province enterprises). Units in the take-some strata are subjected to simple random sampling.
Finally, the sample size is increased, mostly to compensate for firms that no longer belong in the industry; i.e., they have gone out of business, changed their primary business activity, they are inactive, or are duplicates on the frame. After removing such firms, the sample size for 2001 was 575 collection entities.
Data collection for this reference period: 2002-01-10 to 2002-08-16
Responding to this survey is mandatory.
Data are collected directly from survey respondents and extracted from administrative files.
Data are collected through a mail-out/mail-back process, while providing respondents with the option of telephone or other electronic filing methods. The statistical establishment is used as the sampling unit, but selected establishments belonging to the same company and the same industry are aggregated to create a collection entity. This reduces respondent burden and simplifies collection. Therefore, companies with production in more than one establishment are mailed one questionnaire and instructed to report for all Canadian operations.
View the Questionnaire(s) and reporting guide(s) .
Data are examined for inconsistencies and errors using automated edits coupled with analytical review. Where possible, data will be verified using alternate sources.
Where information is missing, imputation is performed using a "nearest neighbour" procedure (donor imputation), using historical data where available, using averages based on responses from a set of similar establishments, or using administrative data as a proxy for reported data.
As part of the production of final numbers, data for companies operating in more than one province or territory are allocated to the provincial level. Administrative data are used to estimate for the portion of the industry that was excluded from survey activity (i.e. small firms whose revenues fell below cut-off thresholds). Sampled data are then weighted to produce estimates representative of the target population.
Prior to dissemination, combined survey results are analyzed for comparability; in general, this includes a detailed review of: individual responses (especially for the largest companies), general economic conditions, historic trends, and comparisons with administrative data (e.g., income tax, goods and services tax, payroll deductions records, industry and trade association sources).
Even though the basic objective of the survey is to produce estimates for the whole industry--all incorporated and unincorporated businesses--not all businesses are surveyed. Rather, a sample is surveyed and the portion eligible for sampling is defined as all statistical establishments with revenue above a certain threshold. (Note: the threshold varies between surveys and sometimes between provinces in the same survey). The excluded portion represents a substantial proportion of the industry in terms of number of establishments (67%), but its contribution to the overall industry revenue is only about 8%. These excluded establishments are accounted for in the final estimates through the use of administrative data. However, only basic information is obtained from administrative sources; i.e., total revenue, expenses, depreciation and salaries, wages and benefits. Detailed characteristics such as client base, revenue by type of service, and detailed expense items are collected only for surveyed establishments.
Statistics Canada is prohibited by law from releasing any information it collects which could identify any person, business, or organization, unless consent has been given by the respondent or as permitted by the Statistics Act. Various confidentiality rules are applied to all data that are released or published to prevent the publication or disclosure of any information deemed confidential. If necessary, data are suppressed to prevent direct or residual disclosure of identifiable data.
While considerable effort is made to ensure high standards throughout all stages of collection and processing, the resulting estimates are inevitably subject to a certain degree of error. These errors can be broken down into two major types: non-sampling and sampling.
Non-sampling error is not related to sampling and may occur for many reasons. For example, non-response is an important source of non-sampling error. Population coverage, differences in the interpretation of questions, incorrect information from respondents, and mistakes in recording, coding and processing data are other examples of non-sampling errors.
The response rate for this survey was 80% in reference year 2001.
Sampling error occurs because population estimates are derived from a sample of the population rather than the entire population. Sampling error depends on factors such as sample size, sampling design, and the method of estimation. An important property of probability sampling is that sampling error can be computed from the sample itself by using a statistical measure called the coefficient of variation (CV). The assumption is that over repeated surveys, the relative difference between a sample estimate and the estimate that would have been obtained from an enumeration of all units in the universe would be less than twice the CV, 95 times out of 100. The range of acceptable data values yielded by a sample is called a confidence interval. Confidence intervals can be constructed around the estimate using the CV. First, we calculate the standard error by multiplying the sample estimate by the CV. The sample estimate plus or minus twice the standard error is then referred to as a 95% confidence interval.
CVs were calculated for each estimate. Generally, the more commonly reported variables obtained very good CVs (10% or less), while the less commonly reported variables were associated with higher but still acceptable CVs (under 25%).