Survey of Volunteer Activity
Detailed information for 1987
The objectives of this survey are to provide information on the activities of volunteers and the organizational settings in which they work.
Data release - May 1, 1989
The Survey of Volunteer Activity is the second in a series of surveys sponsored by the Secretary of State of Canada concerning voluntarism in Canada. The objectives of this survey are to provide information on the activities of volunteers and the organizational settings in which they work, the reasons for being volunteers, the amount and pattern of time spent volunteering through organizations, the cost of volunteering, the opinions of volunteers on various aspects of their voluntary experience.
- Society and community
- Unpaid work
- Volunteering and donating
Data sources and methodology
This is a sample survey with a cross-sectional design.
Sampling errors: The estimates are based on a national sample of slightly less than 1% of the population. The resulting sampling errors, which can be measured, vary according to a number of factors the most important of which is the size of the estimate. Sampling variance indicators are published in "The Labour Force". Non-sampling errors: Errors unrelated to sampling can occur at every stage of a survey. These non-sampling errors range from the respondent misunderstanding the question to errors introduced during processing. Mechanisms to minimize these errors are in place although the final estimates are still affected to some degree. The estimates of the incidence and volume of volunteer activity generated from this study differ markedly from previously available estimates due to a reduction in non-sampling error (for a brief description of the impact of non-sampling error on the measurement of volunteers, see Surveying Volunteers: The Canadian Experience, R. Watson and T.S. Murray.
The LFS records are weighted using what can be thought of as a three-stage process. The first stage involves the assignment to each record of the inverse of the design sampling ratio applicable to the geographic area where the respondent represented by that record resides. The second stage involves adjustments to the weight assigned in the first stage. These include an adjustment for the rural/urban distribution of the population and an adjustment for non-response (both performed for relatively small sub-provincial areas). It also includes an adjustment for unanticipated population growth in particular small areas selected for the sample (clusters) and an adjustment for the fact that the sample size remains constant (55,000 households) resulting in a slowly declining sampling ratio as the population grows. The third stage involves the comparison of the sum of the weights assigned to the records in the first two stages to population totals derived from sources independent of the LFS. These comparisons are done for 38 age-sex groups for each province. The weights for all records belonging to an age-sex province group are then adjusted so that their sum is equal to the corresponding independently derived population total. The independently derived population totals are obtained as projections from the annual post-censal estimates of population produced by Demography Division with adjustments to reflect the exclusions described in Design and Procedures of the LFS (ID=3701). An adjustment is made to the basic LFS sampling weight to reflect the subsampling of rotation groups and the difference in non-response between the LFS and the supplementary survey.
Statistics Canada is prohibited by law from releasing any information it collects that could identify any person, business, or organization, unless consent has been given by the respondent or as permitted by the Statistics Act. Various confidentiality rules are applied to all data that are released or published to prevent the publication or disclosure of any information deemed confidential. If necessary, data are suppressed to prevent direct or residual disclosure of identifiable data.